Ebook: GENETIC SEX: “A SYMBOLIC STRUGGLE AGAINST REALITY?”

I mean, come on. The caps let you know it’s serious academic work… Do you have any excuse? If you pretend to care about this stuff. It’s a desperate attempt to make the “gender binary” disappear while using the exact genetics which prove it beyond a doubt. As well as your eyes, I mean. It’s a 200+ page lesson in doublethink. I literally don’t have enough words to mock this.

https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/bitstream/handle/10036/78613/HolmeI.pdf?sequence=1

I mean, Exeter. Bottom of the rung.

Abstract; [bold mine]

Genetic sex -the apparent fundamental biological cause of the two male and female
human varieties– is a 20th century construct. Looking down the microscope, the stained
chromosomes are concrete countable entities and lend themselves easily to genetic
determinism. As the chromosome composition of a person is generally fixed at the time
of conception, when a Y- or X-bearing sperm is united with the X-bearing egg, a
person’s genetic sex is taken as permanent and unchanging throughout their life.
Drawing upon gender theory as well as science and technology studies this thesis
explores how our particular construction of the concept of ‘genetic sex’ relies on four
features of biological sex (binary, fixed, spanning nature, and found throughout the
body) and in addition proposes one unique feature, inheritance.
The empirical research is based on an analysis of popular science books as well as two
case studies of how genes relate to sex determination and development. The analysis of
the metaphors used in these books and journal articles reveals how now, with genomic
efforts to explore gene expression profiles, there is a shift away from seeing genes as
having ‘responsibilities’ for determining phenotypes towards seeing them play a role
along with other genes in genetic cascades where other factors such as timing can be
incorporated. The analysis of genomic features such as imprinting and X-chromosome
inactivation also provide evidence that such a change should be recognised.
Those are diseases. They are recognised. As diseases.
Rather than seeing sex in terms of fixed and static differences and similarities, current research
offers new ways of conceptualising similarities and differences as dynamic and
responsive to environment. This supports wider understandings of ‘biology’ as relying
on the interactions between genetic processes, cellular environment, and tissue
environment – in which the social physicality of bodies is important in forming and
maintaining a person’s biology and genetic processes. Yet as the historical analysis of
the shift between the one sex to two sex model indicates, it remains to be seen whether
the social sphere will respond by incorporating this new evidence into the tacit,
everyday understandings of sex or seek to maintain the binary and fixed relationship(s)
between men and women by governing them as males and females.

1. Be civil. 2. Be logical or fair. 3. Do not bore me.

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