If you look them up.
Young Adélie penguins which have no experience in social interaction may react to false cues when the penguins gather to breed. They may, for instance, attempt to mate with other males, with young chicks, or with dead females.
On account of the birds’ relatively human-like appearance and behavior, human observers have interpreted this behavior anthropomorphically as sexual deviance. The first to record such behavior was Dr Levick, in 1911 and 1912, but his notes were deemed too indecent for publication at the time; they were rediscovered and published in 2012.[n 1] “The pamphlet, declined for publication with the official Scott expedition reports, commented on the frequency of sexual activity, auto-erotic behaviour, and seemingly aberrant behaviour of young unpaired males and females, including necrophilia, sexual coercion, sexual and physical abuse of chicks and homosexual behaviour,” states the analysis written by Douglas Russell and colleagues William Sladen and David Ainley. “His observations were, however, accurate, valid and, with the benefit of hindsight, deserving of publication.”
They blame global warming.
It makes frogs gay too?
unpaired = r-selected
Reminder: compulsive masturbation is a paraphilia-related disorder.
The subgroup of males with both PAs and lifetime PRDs (n = 123) self-reported the greatest number of lifetime SIDs, the highest incidence of physical and sexual abuse, the fewest years of completed education, and the highest likelihood of current unemployment or disability.
Oh look, a male promiscuity study – the promiscuous are losers!
“no experience in social interaction” – in humans, that is abuse experience
a strangely common prevalence in homosexual adult males
Why not test IQ too?
Impulse control is tied to it.
Why is this relevant?
Well, pedophilia has already been claimed as NOT a paraphilia.
Like homosexuality before it. I guess it’s just a coincidence most pedophiles are homosexually-oriented men.
The present article examined the question instead by comparing the major correlates and other features of homosexuality and of the paraphilias, including prevalence, sex ratio, onset and course, fraternal birth order, physical height, handedness, IQ and cognitive neuropsychological profile, and neuroanatomy.
You could just study it directly.
Various ‘preferences’ and sexual interests have fallen in and out of being defined as paraphilic, for example, up until 1973 homosexuality was classified as paraphilic under the DSM (diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders)-II. Its subsequent removal led to some arguing that if homosexual orientation is not in itself abnormal, then the inclusion of other sexual behaviors classified as paraphilic cannot be justified as a concept and should be removed entirely from future editions
Paraphilia essentially means anti-Darwin, that was the purpose of the concept.
Besides homosexuality, the DSM also listed sadism, masochism, exhibitionism, voyeurism, pedophilia, and fetishes as mental disorders.
Members of the activist committee believed that the law and psychiatric diagnosis were and should be independent.
Our hope was that one day the entire group of sexual disorders would be dropped from DSM, at least those currently listed as the paraphilias.
I’m resting my case gently so you can do your own research.