Don’t believe me, here’s a quote from the researcher herself.
This idea that bilinguals are smarter is relatively new. Up until the 1970s, most educators believed that learning two languages at once would confuse children and slow their cognitive growth.
and the honest research backs this up, many times over
But science disagreed with these convictions, says Ellen Bialystok, a professor of psychology at York University in Toronto, Canada. The advent of neuroimaging technology (specifically the CAT scan) in the 1970s granted scientists a new way to investigate how different brains process language. But the emerging evidence wasn’t the only reason bilinguals seemed smarter; Americans’ changing attitudes played a big part, Bialystok says. As the cultural xenophobia of the 1950s subsided, society as a whole began to accept the shift towards multiculturalism.
Bialystok has been researching the bilingual brain for decades, and she is adamant: Bilinguals aren’t smarter than their single-language counterparts. “I think it’s a real problem that [my work] may be interpreted that way,” she says.
Again, for the liars:
Bilinguals aren’t smarter than monolinguals.
Bilingual brains differ in their use of executive function — a system that helps the brain access particular regions or memories when prompted, like a neurological Dewey Decimal System. A person needs executive function to switch between tasks or look for a friend in a crowded restaurant. When less developed, executive function also makes adolescents more reckless.
Contrary to media reports, executive function is not the same as intelligence, Bialystok reiterates.
Conflation, false equivalence, media lies.
They are distinct, discrete, different entities. It’s as stupid as someone claiming that obesity is the same as calories or suicide is the same thing as rope. You can tell the journalists are largely bilingual to make these common comprehension errors in semantic fluency.
But I can’t find a modern, genuine IQ study of many participants that honestly compares monolingual to bilingual. How odd. You’d think they’d want to settle the debate. Unless they’re dishonest?
But pinning down the concept of intelligence itself is not an easy task. Dictionaries define intelligence as the ability for a person to absorb and apply information — and that’s part of what executive function does, too. But this abstract definition of intelligence doesn’t mean much to science,
translation – It isn’t science. It’s propaganda.
We already have IQ, which they refuse to compare honestly because it’s real (Binet) and precise so you can’t really lie.
Bialystok says, and “that’s one of the reasons you can’t say that bilingualism (or increased executive function) gives you more of it.” Intelligence and executive function have a murky relationship and, because of this obscurity, Bialystok may be right to doubt their synonymy.
Scientist wants to deter liars, she may be right!
Why did I look this all up?
His concept is based on his theory that teaching children from earliest infancy in multilingualism develops greater brain development.
Totally not political. Totally not a failed attempt at eugenics.
Mr. Raniere does not speak any foreign languages. He can speak only English.
Mr. Raniere’s program provides each child in the Rainbow Cultural Garden seven different foreign babysitters. Each babysitter speaks in their native language to the child.
Totally not a pedo ring.
The brain actually prunes sounds with age, you’re slowing that process down. It’s bad for them.
But the surprising part is that the parts of your brain where the lexicon is stored don’t just turn on and off when you need them; they’re engaged all the time.
Linguistic ADHD, yay!
Changing neural pathways to meet new needs is a concept called neuroplasticity, and these constant tiny decisions reinforce the brain’s new configuration to make them more efficiently.
This reminds me of the multi-tasking studies where people thought they were better but were actually worse. It’s literally the same brain problem. You have limited capacity.
They have a delayed reaction time, the exact opposite.
He determined that bilinguals had more activity in both hemispheres of the pre-frontal cortex, which controls executive function.
No, not really. Actually, not at all. It does a lot of things, including language processing. That’s way too broad.
“Functional Specialization for Semantic and Phonological Processing in the Left Inferior Prefrontal Cortex”
You can’t just claim executive function without fucking testing it (and discounting other processing in the same regions). A picture doesn’t tell you that.
The increased activity, he hypothesized,
stems from the need to repress one language in order to answer correctly in the other.
objective retarded reaction
What you claim is not what you found.
You have a picture. You use it for studies, it isn’t really a study by itself.
False results can be duplicated with effort. Especially when it involves merely labeling a picture wrong.
Prefrontal cortex is a language centre, for it not to fire up, they’d need to be dead.
Don’t believe me, here’s a nature article, bitches.
Prefrontal cortex doesn’t not equal = smarts. It = listening, consciousness.
“Dual streams of auditory afferents target multiple domains in the primate prefrontal cortex”
“Large‐scale neurocognitive networks and distributed processing for attention, language, and memory”
“This approach provides a blueprint for reexploring the neurological foundations of attention, language, memory, and frontal lobe function.”
I can find this, why can’t you?
Even if the relationship between bilingualism and actual intelligence is unclear
one IQ study, that’s all I ask for
executive function can help people do a lot of things that may make them seem smarter, such as doing more things at once and cancelling out distractions.
This is like the useless person who pretends to multi-task.
But, Costa says, “Everything else equal, bilinguals may have a reduced vocabulary in each language.” Bilinguals certainly know more words overall, he notes, but in each individual language, their vocabulary may suffer.
in practical reality
“Everyday practice with the second language makes you control the language; you need to focus on the new language while you [ignore] the other one. This is what seems to help the development of executive function.”
aka school lessons are useless
The long-term cognitive benefits, Costa says, really outweigh the minimal short-term detriments.
No, no proof!
If you mean dementia risk, debunked that in the last post. Considering the brain of bilinguals is permanently changed and slowed on many tasks, there are multiple, permanent deficits.
You could say, a functional disability.