The KA woman’s face did not fit the neoclassical facial canons. Compared with NAW women, 24 of the 26 facial measurements in KA women were significantly different. Only 9 of the 26 facial measurements were significantly different when the attractive KA women were compared with the NAW women. [surgery??] Nine of the 17 nonsignificant facial measurements were very similar to those of the NAW women; many of these facial features centered around the midface.
Although the average KA woman’s facial anthropometric measurements were very different from those of the NAW woman, attractive KA women reflected many of the facial features of NAW women. These findings support the need for ethnically sensitive facial canons and further research into transcultural aesthetics.
Facial beauty arises from symmetric, balanced, and harmonious proportions. Reestablishment of facial harmony requires restoration of proportional facial structures and elimination of disproportionate relationships. The optimal relationships between facial structures are used to assess the face during aesthetic and reconstructive consultations.
Although facial analysis and proportions are well discussed in whites1-3 and African Americans,4-7 only a limited number of studies exist for Asians,8-11 and none exist for Asian Americans. Aesthetic surgery on Asian American patients relying on white norms may result in dissonant facial proportions. Furthermore, many Asian Americans seek to maintain their ethnicity through cosmetic procedures. The challenge for surgeons is to maintain appropriate ethnic facial features and correct only the features that are disproportionate to the rest of the face.
As illustrated by the work of artists and anatomists of the 17th to the 19th centuries, the concept of beauty and “normal” facial proportions has changed with time. [nope?] Furthermore, as the population becomes more heterogeneous, new facial proportions have emerged from interracial mixing. It is now apparent that what has been considered beautiful and acceptable as the norm for one culture may be different for another. Inherently, the notion of a single aesthetic standard and beauty is grossly inadequate and naïve. What is required is a new model of aesthetic standards and beauty that is unique to different ethnic groups to better fit their facial skeletal and skin profile and culture.
[diluting a standard is no standard? ego stroking won’t affect beauty!]
This study assesses the differences in facial proportions between Korean American (KA) women and North American white (NAW) women, and it also describes aesthetic facial features in the typical KA woman. The quantitative determinations will be useful in preoperative and postoperative facial assessment for cosmetic and reconstructive purposes.
[there it is]
Clearly I’m imagining this, right?
“There are inherent problems associated with applying outdated artists’ impressions of beauty to modern facial analysis and surgery. The subjects used in formulating the neoclassical paradigm were exclusively white.”
The fucking horror.