The UK is trying to push a chemical abortifacient over the counter. No minimum age limit, paedo paradise. How many rape gangs or child groomers will feed this to their prey, coercive or secretly? The capacity of even parents for reproductive abuse, secretly giving it to their children like a harmless preventative (when they might already be taking it themselves) is abhorrent. There are no proportionate laws criminalizing giving this to children. Mull over that.
““Pharmacists have the expertise to advise women on whether desogestrel is an appropriate and safe oral contraceptive pill for them to use and to give women the information they need, to make informed choices,” she said.” It isn’t only women who will buy it, fathers raping their daughters, rape gangs attacking girls en masse, controlling mothers drugging their daughters ‘just in case’…. pharmacists are not doctors and cannot order appropriate tests to maintain healthy hormone levels. You cannot make informed choices as a minor by definition.
“The MHRA’s decision to reclassify the desogestrel products follows a safety review by the Commission on Human Medicines (CHM) and a public consultation taking in views from patients, pharmacists and doctors.” Patients are idiots and so are pharmacists. They’ll opine when they’re damaged, but why didn’t you warn us?
“Edward Morris, the president of the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, said he was delighted that some contraceptive pills would be available in local pharmacies after the college’s years of campaigning against “unnecessary barriers” for women and girls.” Women and girls. No minimum age noted.
He said: “Even before the pandemic, too many women and girls were struggling to access basic women’s health services. The consequences of this include an increase in the number of unplanned pregnancies, which can result in poorer outcomes for women and their babies.” These people are child rape enablers. Apparently the TRUE evil (sarc) is holding child rapists accountable for the fruit of their loins. This is rape culture if the term ever applied.
Saving money on actual medical advice again, cost cutting: “She said: “The fragmented sexual and reproductive healthcare system is notoriously difficult for women to navigate, and successive cuts to public health budgets have made it harder for women to get the contraception they need. Reclassification may also reduce unnecessary pressures on GPs, who will not need to see patients for repeat prescriptions.” They need to monitor anything hormonal. When are steriods OTC? No? They have noted health benefits.
The Pill’s push to the unmarried will go down in history as true evil. Yes, it counts as abortion. They continue to lie about its basic mechanism. They already pushed the morning after form OTC. Long term use of any medication requires doctor supervision to ensure the organs aren’t being poisoned. Oestrogen dominance is rising amid well, everyone, and causes severe damage including obesity. Progesterone can mess with all other hormone levels. The idea of drugging just women/girls with this shit is misogyny. It’s purely misogynistic. You must hate them to endorse this. Are we selling testosterone and other supplements OTC at drug concentrations to anyone, whatever the age? This is tacitly enabling child rapists and pretending children can consent to be raped. It places blame squarely on the child. It enables the continual abuse of children under the guise of ‘responsibility’. There will now also be social pressure to conform among girls. It isn’t harmless. If you have to ban sugar lollipops at schools for being ‘bad for health’, this is nothing less than evil to push. A gyno on GB News, claiming to be a patriotic TV station here, had her go on about ‘painful periods’ – which is no excuse to drug the reproductive organs of a developing child. You also know the BPD parents will be forcing this onto their sons like tranny abuse of the drug class for ‘therapy’. Even if a girl has painful periods, painkillers already relieve that, as I well know. There are no longitudinal studies on the damage of chronic Pill use. I repeat, no long term studies. In adult starters, let alone minors. The Guardian even sub-links to an article about blood clots caused by the Pill.
Tracking Pill use is vital to monitor whether a woman is being abused, and whether SHE actually wants to take a medication, rather than being drugged. She must attend her own appointment and talk to a doctor, bearing in mind her medical history. This system of protection prevents coercion. They tried pushing this shit on me for no medical reason as a minor and virgin (obviously) so I know they do it. Thankfully I understood what longitudinal studies were and told them like three or four times on separate occasions, no I don’t want their drug pushing (I had a normal ovarian cyst*, the first time – making it completely random and insulting to suggest) and no amount of fear mongering or ‘you’ll be sorrys’ will make me anything less than really really sure. The longest I had to repeat this was about twenty to twenty five minutes. They don’t take no for an answer. They don’t even care if your family has an extensive history of damage reactions to hormones. They will still look you dead in the eye and gaslight you that it’s ‘really harmless’. Based upon??? They are actively PUSHING this shit onto women/girls. Painful periods require giving up sugar half a week before it starts, not this bullshit. But they want to save money and face on child abortions. It’s difficult to call a girl a liar if she’s literally pregnant. This is all about enabling child abusers and disempowering victims, who have no legal recourse against food adulteration and coercion when it’s available like a breath mint. No proof of crime, no time.
*one or two cysts happen naturally when you ovulate but they’re so accustomed to seeing women and girls drugged up to the eyeballs that they treated this like I needed meds. More like they wanted kickbacks.
Socialism kills. All Marxism is anti-natal, it’s the only thing it has in common. Hence, national socialism is fucking retarded, sorry. It doesn’t work. You can’t have a half-evil system. It makes people lazy, as we see:
A number of population scholars have asserted that social security programs such as old-age programs lead to decreased fertility levels because parents need not rely on children for “security” in old age. There is, however, a paucity of empirical data on the above. This paper analyzes 67 countries and shows that social security programs have a measurable negative effect on subsequent levels of fertility.
This might go down in history as the thing to doom the Boomers, demographically.
In fact, the social security programs appear to have as much of an independent impact on fertility as do the traditional correlates of fertility (infant mortality, education and per capita income).
Explains the sheer drop in fertility in places like Poland, and why places like Russia and China are currently bricking it.
Then you have fake Catholics like the French, fucking around and never marrying because there’s no stigma any longer. Socialism preserves a husk of civilization while hollowing out the core.
It’s popular for insecure morons to say higher education should be banned but it replaces ballrooms for the high IQ to meet one another. Education is K-select, that’s why Marxists have tried to destroy it. Would you rather they screw the local waitress and have dipshit kids? On your tax bill? Assortative mating must be enabled for a healthy, functioning society. Ban foreign students and there’s more room by far. Then you don’t have national security risks like the Chinese stealing missile data AMERICA.
College educated parents (yes, both) have higher IQ children. The right wing gets triggered over this and other facts where the universe doesn’t revolve around men (or women, but they don’t care there). As covered previously, most child IQ is inherited maternally. So we know it’s men to blame for fucking the dumb broads, who exhibit sexual selection like a leech being discerning in a blood bank. Stop fucking stupid women. At least, don’t be surprised when the kids are entitled douchebags. If your kids are stupid, and you think it isn’t you – it’s your choice of woman.
Evaluation of human papilloma virus in semen as a risk factor for low sperm quality and poor in vitro fertilization outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
A review of the literature regarding ART outcomes showed an association between HPV infection and decreased PR, and an even stronger association between HPV infection and increased MR.
-increased miscarriage rate, lower odds of conceiving
Conclusion: Our meta-analysis shows a negative effect of HPV on sperm concentration, motility, and morphology. Further subgroup and categorical analysis confirmed the clinical significance of impaired sperm motility in HPV-infected sperm, although the sperm count and morphology must be carefully analyzed. The studies reviewed reported lower PR and increased MR in couples with HPV-infected sperm. As most studies had a moderate risk of bias, these observations warrant further large, well-designed studies before introducing clinical management recommendations.
Human papillomavirus infection and fertility alteration: a systematic review
Results: HPV infections are shown to be significantly associated to many adverse effects in the reproductive function. These adverse effects were reported in different levels from cells production to pregnancy and may be related to the infecting genotype.
Conclusions: It appears from this study that HPV detection and genotyping could be of great value in infertility diagnosis at least in idiopathic infertility cases. Like for the risk of carcinogenesis, another classification of HPV regarding the risk of fertility alteration may be considered after deep investigations.
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and Fertilization: A Mini Review
Sorry but if something makes you less virile, you’re less of a man.
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is one of the most prevalent viral sexually transmitted diseases. The ability of HPV to induce malignancy in the anogenital tract and stomato-pharyngeal cavity is well documented. Moreover, HPV infection may also affect reproductive health and fertility. Although, the impact of HPV on female fertility has not been thoroughly studied it has been found also to have an impact on semen parameters. Relative information can be obtained from studies investigating the relationship between HPV and pregnancy success. Furthermore, there is an ongoing debate whether HPV alters the efficacy of assisted reproductive technologies. An association between HPV and assisted reproductive technologies (ART) programs has been reported. Nevertheless, due to conflicting data and the small number of existing studies further research is required. It remains to be clarified whether HPV detection and genotyping could be included in the diagnostic procedures in couples undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intrauterine insemination (IUI) treatments. Vaccination of both genders against HPV can reduce the prevalence of HPV infection and eliminate its implications on human fertility. The aim of the present mini-review is to reiterate the association between HPV and human fertility through a systematic literature review.
The role of human papillomavirus on sperm function
I love how many yanks pull a Henry 8th and blame women for their own infertility, in this century.
Recent findings: HPVs are agents of the most common sexually transmitted disease and can lead to warts and cancers both in men and women. A high incidence of HPV infection has been demonstrated in sperm from sexually active men with and without risk factors for HPV and from infertile patients.
Semen infection is associated to an impairment of sperm parameters suggesting a possible role in male infertility. – really???
Interestingly, it has been demonstrated that when HPV is present in semen only a percentage of total cells are infected
-only? a? 100% is a percentage too…
and the virus can be localized in sperm or in exfoliated cells with different impact on sperm motility. Moreover, infected sperm are able to penetrate the oocyte, to deliver HPV genome in the oocyte and HPV genes can be actively transcribed by the fertilized oocyte.
-wouldn’t it be ironic if it made the kids or grandkids infertile instead? because they were conceived with it, a polluted germline
Recently an increased risk of pregnancy loss has been demonstrated in couples undergoing in-vitro fertilization and particularly when HPV DNA was present in semen samples of male partners.
– no blaming women this time, unless women haz sperm?
Summary: To date, no effective treatment, control strategy and prevention is provided for men despite the reported high incidence of HPV semen infection.
– no hurt their feefees? NAW
Because this infection in men is also a problem for partners, and because growing evidence suggests that semen infection may cause infertility and early miscarriage, more attention should be paid to male HPV infection. This study reviews the more recent literature about the role of HPV infection on sperm function and human reproduction.
– Manosphere fears this topic and all male degenerate accountability.
semen infection may cause infertility and early miscarriage
High-risk human papillomavirus in semen is associated with poor sperm progressive motility and a high sperm DNA fragmentation index in infertile men
Does the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in semen impact seminal parameters and sperm DNA quality in white European men seeking medical help for primary couple’s infertility?
>STD >DNA quality >in the germline of >white men
Never talk about it, I’m sure it’ll be fine.
HPV seminal infections involving high-risk (HR) genotypes are associated with impaired sperm progressive motility and sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) values.
HPV is commonly present in semen samples.
No? F no it’s not. Stop sparing slutty blushes.
The overall rate of HPV positivity was 15.5%
so 1 in 7, uncommon at best. No normalizing pathology please.
And it varies majorly by race and sexuality. Not sex because it’s sexual, obviously.
Sperm progressive motility was significantly lower (P = 0.01) while SDF values were higher (P = 0.005) in HPV+ men compared to those with no HPV. In particular, HR HPV+ men had lower sperm progressive motility (P = 0.007) and higher SDF values (P = 0.003) than those with a negative HPV test. Univariable analysis showed that HR HPV+ was associated with impaired sperm progressive motility (P = 0.002) and SDF values (P = 0.003). In the multivariable analysis, age, FSH levels and testicular volume were significantly associated with impaired sperm progressive motility (all P ≤ 0.04). Conversely BMI, CCI, smoking habits and HPV status were not. Only age (P = 0.02) and FSH (P = 0.01) were significantly associated with SDF, after accounting for BMI, CCI, testicular volume, smoking habits and HPV status.
Impact of human papillomavirus infection in semen on sperm progressive motility in infertile men: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) has been considered as one of the most common sexually transmitted viruses that may be linked to unexplained infertility in men. The possible mechanisms underlying correlation between HPV infection and infertility could be related to the altered sperm parameters. Current studies have investigated the effect of HPV seminal infection on sperm quality in infertile men, but have shown inconsistent results.
Methods: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and CNKI for studies that examined the association between HPV seminal infection and sperm progressive motility. Data were pooled using a random-effects model. Outcomes were the sperm progressive motility rate. Results are expressed as standardised mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI). Heterogeneity was evaluated by the I-square (I2) statistic.
Results: Ten studies were identified, including 616 infertile patients with HPV seminal infection and 2029 infertile controls without HPV seminal infection. Our meta-analysis results indicated that sperm progressive motility was significantly reduced in HPV-infected semen samples compared with non-infected groups [SMD:-0.88, 95% CI:-1.17 ~ – 0.59]. There existed statistical heterogeneity (I2 value: 86%) and the subgroup analysis suggested that study region might be the causes of heterogeneity.
Conclusions: HPV semen infection could significantly reduce sperm progressive motility in infertile individuals. There were some limitations in the study such as the differences in age, sample sizes and the number of HPV genotypes detected. Further evidences are needed to better elucidate the relationship between HPV seminal infection and sperm quality.
The prevalence of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection in the oligospermic and azoospermic men
The current study shows that HPV infection can affect on sperm count and motility and decrease count of sperm cell and decrease motility capability of these cells.
Among 50 confirmed oligospermic male, 15 were HPV DNA positive (30%).
In azoospemic group we had 8 HPV DNA positive (40%) and in normal group just 3 of 20(15%) samples were positive.
-what r the odds?
we found statistical significant relationship for sperm count (p<0.05) and sperm motility (slow) (p<0.05) in oligospermic group positive samples compared with negative. In the present study, 13 HPV genotypes were detected among positive samples. HPV genotypes 16, 45 in the high risk group and 6,11,42 in the low risk group were more frequent than the others.
Semen washing procedures do not eliminate human papilloma virus sperm infection in infertile patients
had HPV DNA on sperm and exfoliated cells. Sperm washing centrifugation showed no changes in the number of infected samples and in the percentage of infected cells. Ficoll and swim-up protocols induced a slight reduction in the number of infected samples (30 and 26, respectively).
no muh scientism and IVF cope
This study demonstrated that conventional sperm selection rarely eliminates HPV sperm infection. More attention should be paid to the reproductive health of infected patients because, not only can HPV be transmitted, but it may also have a negative effect on development of the fetus.
a negative effect on development of the fetus
so even if they all married a virgin waifu, they’d infect her and have defective babies comedy GOLD, 24K.
Is HPV the Novel Target in Male Idiopathic Infertility? A Systematic Review of the Literature
Infertility is an important health problem that affects up to 16% of couples worldwide.
1 in 7, where have I heard THAT before….? [scroll up]
Male infertility is responsible for about 50% of the cases,
–NAY, men are never responsible for their own in/fertility, have you been online recently?
and the various causes of male infertility may be classified in pre-testicular (for example hypothalamic diseases), testicular, and post-testicular (for example obstructive pathologies of seminal ducts) causes. Sexually transmitted infections (STI) are increasingly widely accepted by researchers and clinicians as etiological factors of male infertility. In particular, several recent reports have documented the presence of HPV in seminal fluid and observed that sperm infection can also be present in sexually active asymptomatic male and infertile patients.
In this review, we aimed to perform a systematic review of the whole body of literature exploring the impact of HPV infection in natural and assisted fertility outcomes, from both an experimental and a clinical point of view. Starting from in-vitro studies in animals up to in-vivo studies in humans, we aimed to study and evaluate the weight of this infection as a possible cause of idiopathic infertility in males with any known cause of conception failure.
Significant Correlation between High-Risk HPV DNA in Semen and Impairment of Sperm Quality in Infertile Men
guess the result
go on think
A total of 140 subjects participated in the current study. Among 70 confirmed infertile males, only 8 (11.43%) cases tested positive for high-risk HPV and all fertile men were HPV-negative. This data revealed a significant association between high-risk HPV and male infertility (P=0.03). The percentage of normal sperm morphology and sperm motility rate significantly declined in men infected with HPV (P<0.001).
and all fertile men were HPV-negative
oof and the sluts of both sexes are dying out, I am distraught. The genetics of the future are fairing brighter than you’d think.
Conclusion: There was a significantly higher prevalence of high-risk HPV in infertile men than fertile men. HPV infection seemed to be a risk factor for male infertility. Additional, larger studies should be conducted to confirm the impact of HPV on male infertility.
Player burnout shall henceforth be dubbed HPV-driven infertility?
Association between human papillomavirus infection and sperm quality: A systematic review and a meta-analysis
Human papillomavirus (HPV) has a high incidence rate in both males and females.
-maybe where you live
HPV infection in women has been shown to affect fertility and lead to foetal death and pregnancy loss. However, research on HPV infection in men is limited.
-well the husbands are freshly infecting the wives so–
-Ashley Madison wasn’t full of women stepping out, was it?
The aim of this study was to study the effect of HPV infection in semen on sperm quality and present the findings of previous studies through a meta-analysis. Databases including PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, WanFang data and China National Knowledge Infrastructure were searched for relevant studies. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed, and 17 studies were included for analyses based on a set criterion. Meta-analyses indicated that HPV infection in semen significantly reduced sperm concentration (SMD = -0.12, 95% CI: -0.21 to -0.03, p = .009), sperm motility (SMD = -0.55, 95% CI: -0.780 to -0.33, p = .000), sperm viability (SMD = -0.55, 95% CI: -0.780 to -0.33, p = .000) and sperm morphology (SMD = -0.34, 95% CI: -0.61 to -0.07, p = .015). The high-risk HPV (HrHPV) infection could significantly reduce sperm count (SMD = -0.65, 95% CI: -1.11 to -0.18, p = .007) compared with high-risk HPV (LrHPV) infection.
In conclusion, HPV infection in semen significantly reduced sperm quality, and the HrHPV infection could significantly reduce sperm count compared with LrHPV.
tick tock goes your biological clock, nobody can wait as long as they want NOBODY
Male sperm quality and risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion in Chinese couples: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions: The results of this analysis support an association of sperm density, sperm viability, sperm progressive motility rate, normal sperm morphology rate, sperm deformity rate, as well as sperm DFI with RSA.
IF you conceived, magically, it would kill your baby. REPEATEDLY.
Semen parameters and sperm morphology in men in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion, before and during a 3 year follow-up period
Baby death aborts the defective DNA, HPV fucks with your sperm’s DNA. Water is wet.
HPV makes you biologically unfit. According to the ultimate test, the womb.
To investigate the role of the ‘male factor’ in the pathogenesis of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA), especially sperm morphology abnormalities, 120 previously selected couples with unexplained RSA were studied for sperm parameters retrospectively and prospectively. The patients were subdivided into three subgroups, depending on their reproductive outcome during the 3 years of follow-up study: (i) 48 RSA couples who achieved a successful pregnancy; (ii) 39 RSA couples who experienced further abortions, and (iii) 33 RSA couples who experienced infertility during the follow-up period. A semen analysis was performed twice at the time of inclusion in this study, and twice again during the 3 year follow-up period. No significant differences in semen parameters were observed between RSA males and fertile controls. Instead, significant differences were observed between the group of RSA couples who experienced infertility during the follow-up and the other two groups (RSA couples who achieved successful pregnancy and RSA couples who experienced miscarriages and no live birth during the follow-up) for sperm concentration (P < 0.01 and P < 0.01 respectively), sperm motility (P < 0.01 and P < 0.01 respectively) and sperm morphology abnormalities (P < 0.01 and P < 0.01 respectively).
Sperm DNA fragmentation in couples with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the degree of sperm DNA fragmentation in couples with idiopathic recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and in those with no history of infertility or abortion. In this cohort study, 30 couples with RSA and 30 fertile couples as control group completed the demographic data questionnaires, and their semen samples were analysed according to World Health Organization (WHO) standards (September 2009-March 2010) for evaluation of sperm DNA fragmentation, using sperm chromatin dispersion (SCD) technique. The percentage of morphologically normal sperm was significantly lower in RSA patients compared with control group (51.50 ± 11.60 versus 58.00 ± 9.05, P = 0.019), but not in other parameters. Additionally, the level of abnormal DNA fragmentation in the RSA group was significantly higher than in the control group (43.3% versus 16.7%, P = 0.024). Our results indicated a negative correlation between the number of sperm with progressive motility and DNA fragmentation (r = -0.613; P < 0.001). The sperm from men with a history of RSA had a higher incidence of DNA fragmentation and poor motility than those of the control group, indicating a possible relationship between idiopathic RSA and DNA fragmentation.
Sperm chromatin integrity may predict future fertility for unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion patients
“unexplained” – just assume the echo for comedic effect by now
The RSA group was further separated into three subgroups, depending on their reproductive outcome during the 12 months after they were enrolled in the study: the pregnancy subgroup consisted of 43 men whose partners achieved a successful pregnancy up to at least the 24th week of gestation; the abortion subgroup included 31 men whose partners experienced further abortions; and the infertile subgroup had 37 men whose partners did not have any positive pregnancy test after regular, unprotected intercourse. Significantly lower proportion of sperm with normal morphology was found in the abortion subgroup (14.7 ± 4.3%) than in the control group (17.5 ± 5.0%). Sperm concentrations were significantly lower in the infertile subgroup (55.7 ± 24.1%) than in the controls (68.6 ± 27.8%). The rates of abnormal sperm chromatin integrity were significantly higher in the abortion (16.7 ± 7.7%) and infertile (16.3 ± 6.6%) subgroups, compared to the control group (13.0 ± 4.4%). Logistic regression analysis showed that the subsequent reproductive outcome of the 111 RSA patients was negatively correlated to the rates of abnormal sperm chromatin integrity. In conclusion, sperm chromatin integrity, sperm morphology, and sperm concentration were associated with future reproductive outcome of RSA patients. The sperm chromatin integrity was a significant predictor for future abortion and infertility.
But men are never responsible for miscarriage, perish the THOUGHT.
Cytochemical evaluation of sperm chromatin and DNA integrity in couples with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortions
unexplained….. sigh, ok.
Our study showed that in the cases of RSA, slow motility had a significant reduction in comparison with controls and also spermatozoa of men from RSA group had less chromatin condensation and poorer DNA integrity than spermatozoa that obtained from fertile men with no history of RSA.
Human sperm deoxyribonucleic acid fragmentation by specific types of papillomavirus
Conclusion: Human papillomavirus type 16 and 31 deoxyribonucleic acid caused deoxyribonucleic acid breakages characteristic of apoptotic but not necrotic sperm.
The data suggest that these human papillomavirus types may adversely affect subsequent embryonic development after fertilization. Sperm deoxyribonucleic acid appears to resist human papillomavirus types 18, 33, and 6/11 or repairing mechanisms occurred. Although enhanced motility was found in human papillomavirus–exposed sperm, important velocity parameters were decreased, suggesting impaired sperm function.
Negative Impact of Elevated DNA Fragmentation and Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Presence in Sperm on the Outcome of Intra-Uterine Insemination (IUI)
i.e. no, you won’t just get IVF
We wanted to determine the sperm DNA fragmentation index (DFI) cutoff for clinical pregnancies in women receiving intra-uterine insemination (IUI) with this sperm and to assess the contribution of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) infection on sperm DNA damage and its impact on clinical pregnancies. Prospective non-interventional multi-center study with 161 infertile couples going through 209 cycles of IUI in hospital fertility centers in Flanders, Belgium. Measurement of DFI and HPV DNA with type specific quantitative PCRs (HPV 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66 and 68) in sperm before its use in IUI. Clinical pregnancy (CP) rate was used as the outcome to analyze the impact on fertility outcome and to calculated the clinical cutoff value for DFI. A DFI criterion value of 26% was obtained by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Couples with a male DFI > 26% had significantly less CPs than couples with DFI below 26% (OR 0.0326; 95% CI 0.0019 to 0.5400; p = 0.017). In sperm, HPV prevalence was 14.8%/IUI cycle. Sperm samples containing HPV had a significantly higher DFI compared to HPV negative sperm samples (29.8% vs. 20.9%; p = 0.011). When HPV-virions were present in sperm, no clinical pregnancies were observed. More than 1 in 5 of samples with normal semen parameters (17/78; 21.8%) had an elevated DFI or was HPV positive. Sperm DFI is a robust predictor of clinical pregnancies in women receiving IUI with this sperm. When DFI exceeds 26%, clinical pregnancies are less likely and in vitro fertilization techniques should be considered
When HPV-virions were present in sperm, no clinical pregnancies were observed.
Sperm viral infection and male infertility: focus on HBV, HCV, HIV, HPV, HSV, HCMV, and AAV
Chronic viral infections can infect sperm and are considered a risk factor in male infertility. Recent studies have shown that the presence of HIV, HBV or HCV in semen impairs sperm parameters, DNA integrity, and in particular reduces forward motility. In contrast, very little is known about semen infection with human papillomaviruses (HPV), herpesviruses (HSV), cytomegalovirus (HCMV), and adeno-associated virus (AAV). At present, EU directives for the viral screening of couples undergoing assisted reproduction techniques require only the evaluation of HIV, HBV, and HCV.
-all trust the EU guys
However, growing evidence suggests that HPV, HSV, and HCMV might play a major role in male infertility and it has been demonstrated that HPV semen infection has a negative influence on sperm parameters, fertilization, and the abortion rate.
-somebody else look up herpes, I’m lazy
Besides the risk of horizontal or vertical transmission, the negative impact of any viral sperm infection on male reproductive function seems to be dramatic.
-Really, f-ing fascinating!
In addition, treatment with antiviral and antiretroviral therapies may further affect sperm parameters. In this review we attempted to focus on the interactions between defined sperm viral infections and their association with male fertility disorders. All viruses considered in this article have a potentially negative effect on male reproductive function and dangerous infections can be transmitted to partners and newborns. In light of this evidence, we suggest performing targeted sperm washing procedures for each sperm infection and to strongly consider screening male patients seeking fertility for HPV, HSV, and HCMV, both to avoid viral transmission and to improve assisted or even spontaneous fertility outcome
HPV infection in semen: results from a new molecular approach
Let’s get molecular.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the agent of the most common sexually transmitted diseases causing a variety of clinical manifestations ranging from warts to cancer. Oncogenic HPV infection is the major cause of cervical cancer and less frequently of penile cancers. Its presence in semen is widely known, but the effects on fertility are still controversial. – how? allergic to facts?
We developed a new approach to evaluate virus localisation in the different semen components. We analysed also the specific genotype localisation and viral DNA quantity by qPCR. Results show that HPV DNA can be identified in every fraction of semen: spermatozoa, somatic cells and seminal plasma. Different samples can contain the HPV DNA in different fractions and several HPV genotypes can be found in the same fraction. Additionally, different fractions may contain multiple HPV genotypes in different relative quantity. We analysed the wholeness of HPV DNA in sperm cells by qPCR. In one sample more than half of viral genomes were defective, suggesting a possible recombination event. The new method allows to easily distinguish different sperm infections and to observe the possible effects on semen. The data support the proposed role of HPV in decreased fertility and prompt new possible consequences of the infection in semen.
>HPV DNA can be identified in every fraction of semen: spermatozoa, somatic cells and seminal plasma
If you’re wondering why your nation is infertile, look in the mirror. Mutant sperm.
Women’s Preferences for Penis Size: A New Research Method Using Selection among 3D Models
Women’s preferences for penis size may affect men’s comfort with their own bodies and may have implications for sexual health. Studies of women’s penis size preferences typically have relied on their abstract ratings or selecting amongst 2D, flaccid images. This study used haptic stimuli to allow assessment of women’s size recall accuracy for the first time, as well as examine their preferences for erect penis sizes in different relationship contexts. Women (N = 75) selected amongst 33, 3D models. Women recalled model size accurately using this method, although they made more errors with respect to penis length than circumference. Women preferred a penis of slightly larger circumference and length for one-time (length = 6.4 inches/16.3 cm, circumference = 5.0 inches/12.7 cm) versus long-term (length = 6.3 inches/16.0 cm, circumference = 4.8 inches/12.2 cm) sexual partners. These first estimates of erect penis size preferences using 3D models suggest women accurately recall size and prefer penises only slightly larger than average.
but different races have sexually selected different averages, even by nation? So the mean IS the ideal.
The association between penis size and sexual health among men who have sex with men
Larger penis size has been equated with a symbol of power, stamina, masculinity, and social status. Yet, there has been little research among men who have sex with men assessing the association between penis size and social-sexual health. Survey data from a diverse sample of 1,065 men who have sex with men were used to explore the association between perceived penis size and a variety of psychosocial outcomes. Seven percent of men felt their penis was “below average,” 53.9% “average,” and 35.5% “above average.” Penis size was positively related to satisfaction with size and inversely related to lying about penis size (all ps < .01). Size was unrelated to condom use, frequency of sex partners, HIV status, or recent diagnoses of HBV, HCV, gonorrhea/Chlamydia/urinary tract infections, and syphilis. Men with above average penises were more likely to report HPV and HSV-2 (Fisher’s exact p <or= .05). Men with below average penises were significantly more likely to identify as “bottoms” (anal receptive) and men with above average penises were significantly more likely to identify as “tops” (anal insertive). Finally, men with below average penises fared significantly worse than other men on three measures of psychosocial adjustment. Though most men felt their penis size was average, many fell outside this “norm.” The disproportionate number of viral skin-to-skin STIs (HSV-2 and HPV) suggest size may play a role in condom slippage/breakage. Further, size played a significant role in sexual positioning and psychosocial adjustment. These data highlight the need to better understand the real individual-level consequences of living in a penis-centered society.
so men with big wangs, at least the ‘gay’ ones, are rendering themselves infertile or birth defect risks by sharing it around. Y NO str8 studies?
Female Orgasm and Overall Sexual Function and Habits: A Descriptive Study of a Cohort of U.S. Women
Results: FSFI scores, which were calculated for the 230 women who reported having had a steady male sex partner in the preceding 6 months, showed that 41% of the 230 women were at risk for female sexual dysfunction (a cutoff less than 26.55) and 21% were dissatisfied with their overall sexual life. Almost 90% of the overall cohort reported good emotional contact with their partner, that their partner was willing to have sex, satisfaction with the partner’s penis size (wherever applicable), and good erectile function and ejaculatory control of their partner (wherever applicable). 81% of the overall cohort claimed to be sexually active. Around 70% (70-72) did reach orgasm frequently, but around 10% never did so. Vaginal intercourse was reported by 62% of the overall cohort as the best trigger of orgasm, followed by external stimulation from the partner (48%) or themselves (37%). External stimulation was reported to be the fastest trigger to orgasm.
Clinical implications: The knowledge on how women reach orgasm and how it is related to the partners’ willingness to have sex and other factors can be incorporated in the clinical work.
Strengths & limitations: The use of a validated questionnaire and the relative large number of participants are strengths of the study. Limitations are the cross-sectional design, the lack of a sexual distress measure, and a possible selection bias.
Conclusion: Most women in the overall cohort were satisfied overall with their sexual life and partner-related factors, even though 41% (of those who cited a steady sex male partner) were at risk for female sexual dysfunction. Most women did reach orgasm through different kinds of stimulation. Correlation was good between preferred and performed sexual activities and positions. Shaeer O, Skakke D, Giraldi A, et al. Female Orgasm and Overall Sexual Function and Habits: A Descriptive Study of a Cohort of U.S. Women. J Sex Med 2020;17:1133-1143.
I bet the inorgasmic had ‘cut’ men, who produce fewer orgasms in all women in studies.
Impact of penile size on male sexual function and role of penile augmentation surgery
Penile augmentation is an ongoing debate. Emerging evidence proves a relationship between dissatisfaction with penile size and sexual dysfunction. Despite a widespread belief of the value of penile size, and the prevalent complaint of a “small penis,” penile augmentation still stands short of addressing the demand. This report highlights the studies added to medical literature on penile augmentation in 2011-2012, including data on normal penile dimensions and the expected dimensions for a normal person, determination of the prevalence of the dissatisfaction with penile size, its effect on erectile function, female partner’s opinion of the value of penile size, as well as further experience with augmentation techniques.
It’s mental, they need therapy. Also, I see the joke.
Why Are Men Satisfied or Dissatisfied with Penile Implants? A Mixed Method Study on Satisfaction with Penile Prosthesis Implantation
The issue is mental?
Content analysis revealed four main themes for men’s satisfaction with the PPI: (i) psychological factors were reported 54 times (n = 54) and included positive emotions, self-esteem, confidence, enhancement of male identity, major live change, and self-image;
(ii) improvement of sexual function was reported 54 times (n = 54) and referred to achievement of vaginal penetration, increase of sexual desire, sexual satisfaction, penis size, and improvement of erectile function;
– satisfaction is a female metric? ED is mental?
(iii) relationship factors were reported 11 times (n = 11) and referred to relationship improvement and the possibility of giving pleasure to the partner; and (iv) improvement in urinary function (n = 3).
– not possible with implants, all surgeries produce numbness and see above study
A preliminary investigation of a novel method to manipulate penis length to measure female sexual satisfaction: a single case experimental design
Results: On average reducing the depth of penetration made a statistically significant 18% reduction of overall sexual pleasure with an average 15% reduction in length of the penis. The longer the erect penis, the less likely the rings had an impact on sexual pleasure. There was however a range of individual responses with a minority of women reporting that reducing the depth of penetration was more pleasurable on some occasions.
– the G spot?
Conclusions: Size may matter in women in a healthy stable relationship when there is penile shortening. Because of the small number of couples and men with an apparently long penises, our results are preliminary, and we welcome replication in a larger sample with a more diverse range of penile lengths. Our results should not be misinterpreted as meaning that increasing penile length will increase sexual pleasure in women.
shortening with age, and no, supplements don’t help
Non-pharmacological and non-surgical strategies to promote sexual recovery for men with erectile dysfunction
-quit the porn? sigh
the tobacco-lung cancer connection of this generation history will know you as a bunch of wankers
Erectile dysfunction (ED), the most commonly reported sexual problem for men,
in dick-mutilated, porn-addled America? also Israel?
reduces the quality of life for both patients and their partners. Even when physiologically effective, long-term adherence to ED treatments is poor.
– it’s behavioral…
We review here the implication of having patients’ partners involved in ED treatment, starting with treatment selection. We suggest that having partners engaged from the outset may promote an erotic association of the treatment with the partner, i.e., conceptually linking the aid to the sexual pleasure that the partner provides.
– quit ‘supernormal stimuli’ aka lechery, your dopamine is fried?
We hypothesize that this erotic association should enhance the sexual aid’s effectiveness and might potentially help improve long-term adherence. The primary focus of this review, though, is non-pharmacological and non-surgical options for maintaining sexual activity for men with ED. Though not ED treatments per se, anecdotal data suggest that these options may be effective for some patients and their partners in regaining a satisfying sex life. The aids discussed include external penile prostheses, penile sleeves, and penile support devices.
-easier just to give up the sexual visual crack, surely?
These devices can allow men to participate in penetrative sexual intercourse despite moderate to severe ED.
-aging happens, it’s natural selection
External penile prostheses can be personalized so they match in size and shape a man’s normal full erection.
– that is sad
Penile sleeves can similarly be customized with a lumen that fits best a patient’s penis for optimal tactile stimulation.
– so they’re fucking a toy? …. not the man…..
We review how multi-sensory integration can enhance sexual arousal for men who use such devices, allowing them to achieve orgasm despite intractable ED.
-it’s a silicon sock
Patients are not always advised within ED clinics about these options nor why and how they can facilitate non-erection dependent sexual recovery. Clinicians need to be aware of these devices and their positive attributes, so they can objectively counsel and encourage couples to explore their use as an alternative to more invasive treatments. The most commonly promoted non-medical ED aid offered to patients is the vacuum erection device. We discuss how erections achieved with the vacuum erection device have a “hinge effect”, that is an underappreciated barrier to the effectiveness of the erection. With a hinged erection, the penis points downward rather than upward. We show how the normal kinematics of the penis during coitus is not strictly linear (i.e., not uniaxial; not just in-and-out), and is impeded by hinging. Positional adjustment, such as the receptive partner being on top, may help overcome this problem for some couples. Lastly, we suggest that, in the case where ED can be anticipated from a pending medical treatment, such as a prostatectomy, pre-habilitative approaches may potentially improve adherence to sexual aid use in the long-term. In conclusion, non-pharmacological and non-surgical options for sexual recovery are available. Scientific studies on the effectiveness of these interventions in restoring satisfying sex are warranted.
Is Internet Pornography Causing Sexual Dysfunctions? A Review with Clinical Reports
Traditional factors that once explained men’s sexual difficulties appear insufficient to account for the sharp rise in erectile dysfunction, delayed ejaculation, decreased sexual satisfaction, and diminished libido during partnered sex in men under 40.
This review (1) considers data from multiple domains, e.g., clinical, biological (addiction/urology), psychological (sexual conditioning), sociological; and (2) presents a series of clinical reports, all with the aim of proposing a possible direction for future research of this phenomenon. Alterations to the brain’s motivational system are explored as a possible etiology underlying pornography-related sexual dysfunctions. This review also considers evidence that Internet pornography’s unique properties (limitless novelty, potential for easy escalation to more extreme material, video format, etc.) may be potent enough to condition sexual arousal to aspects of Internet pornography use that do not readily transition to real-life partners, such that sex with desired partners may not register as meeting expectations and arousal declines. Clinical reports suggest that terminating Internet pornography use is sometimes sufficient to reverse negative effects, underscoring the need for extensive investigation using methodologies that have subjects remove the variable of Internet pornography use. In the interim, a simple diagnostic protocol for assessing patients with porn-induced sexual dysfunction is put forth.
– it’s a supernormal stimulus designed to make you impotent, it’s a delusion that alters the brain
Based on the findings of historical studies cited earlier, older men would be expected to have far higher ED rates than the negligible rates of younger men [2,7]. However, in just a decade, things changed radically. The 2001–2002 rates for older men 40–80 were about 13% in Europe . By 2011, ED rates in young Europeans, 18–40, ranged from 14%–28% .
duh, porn addicts also look older, do that study
Finally, another 2015 study on men (mean age approximately 36), reported that ED accompanied by a low desire for partnered sex is now a common observation in clinical practice among men seeking help for their excessive sexual behavior, who frequently “use pornography and masturbate” .
aimed at Europeans, squarely
make them hypersexual, extreme r, and re-productively useless
The sole qualification for being a masculine man is having a functioning dick but they cuck for the industry ruining their lives.
The Potential Associations of Pornography Use with Sexual Dysfunctions: An Integrative Literature Review of Observational Studies
This paper reviews the associations between pornography use and sexual dysfunction based on evidence from observational studies. The existing data in this regard mostly derive from cross-sectional investigations and case reports. There is little if no evidence that pornography use may induce delayed ejaculation and erectile dysfunction, although longitudinal studies that control for confounding variables are required for a full assessment.
– decades later, we’ll be dead demographically…
The associations between pornography use and sexual desire may differ between women and men although the existing data is contradictory and causal relationships cannot be established. The strongest evidence is available for the relation of pornography use with decreased sexual satisfaction, although the results of prospective studies are inconsistent. The paper outlines future research prospects beneficial in understanding the nature of associations between pornography use and sexual dysfunctions in men and women.
Online Porn Addiction: What We Know and What We Don’t—A Systematic Review
In the last few years, there has been a wave of articles related to behavioral addictions; some of them have a focus on online pornography addiction. However, despite all efforts, we are still unable to profile when engaging in this behavior becomes pathological.
– publishing bias
Common problems include: sample bias, the search for diagnostic instrumentals, opposing approximations to the matter, and the fact that this entity may be encompassed inside a greater pathology (i.e., sex addiction) that may present itself with very diverse symptomatology.
= excuses so you don’t get later sued
Behavioral addictions form a largely unexplored field of study, and usually exhibit a problematic consumption model: loss of control, impairment, and risky use. Hypersexual disorder fits this model and may be composed of several sexual behaviors, like problematic use of online pornography (POPU). Online pornography use is on the rise, with a potential for addiction considering the “triple A” influence (accessibility, affordability, anonymity). This problematic use might have adverse effects in sexual development and sexual functioning, especially among the young population. We aim to gather existing knowledge on problematic online pornography use as a pathological entity. Here we try to summarize what we know about this entity and outline some areas worthy of further research.
Risky sexual behaviors typically occur when a person is sexually motivated by potent, sexual reward cues. Yet, individual differences in sensitivity to sexual cues have not been examined with respect to sexual risk behaviors. A greater responsiveness to sexual cues might provide greater motivation for a person to act sexually; a lower responsiveness to sexual cues might lead a person to seek more intense, novel, possibly risky, sexual acts. In this study, event-related potentials were recorded in 64 men and women while they viewed a series of emotional, including explicit sexual, photographs. The motivational salience of the sexual cues was varied by including more and less explicit sexual images. Indeed, the more explicit sexual stimuli resulted in enhanced late positive potentials (LPP) relative to the less explicit sexual images. Participants with fewer sexual intercourse partners in the last year had reduced LPP amplitude to the less explicit sexual images than the more explicit sexual images, whereas participants with more partners responded similarly to the more and less explicit sexual images. This pattern of results is consistent with a greater responsivity model. Those who engage in more sexual behaviors consistent with risk are also more responsive to less explicit sexual cues.
– it’s r/K
trans. r-types seem to have dulled sexual perception (abnormal) so over-estimate opportunity in compensation
Studies are in their description, duplicated below.
Reminder: ED is the PC term for impotence – and a common side effect of porn addiction. How about studying penis size between promiscuous men and chaste ones? They’d never publish it. I’d read it. Why are we not funding this?
The role of exposure to phthalates in variations of anogenital distance: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Environmental chemicals such as phthalate esters may have adverse effects on anogenital distance (AGD), but the evidence in both genders has not been reviewed systematically. The objective of the present study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies that analyzed the relationship between exposure to phthalates and AGD. English papers published up to March 2018 were searched in PubMed, Scopus, Clarivate-Web of Science, and Google scholar. We applied fixed-effects models to calculate pooled beta coefficient [β]. In the case of heterogeneity, random-effects models were used. Using the comprehensive search strategies, 313 papers were identified and after screening, 10 of them were included in this study. In primary analyses, we found that exposure to phthalates was not associated with short AGD (β = -0.11; 95% CI, -0.27, 0.06; I2 = 0%). However, results of subgroup analyses indicated that in boys, the sum of di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (∑DEHP) metabolites had significant association with the risk of shortened anopenile distance (AGDAP) (β = -0.915, 95% CI: 1.629, -0.2) and anoscrotal distance (AGDAS) (β = -0.857, 95% CI: 1.455, -0.26). In addition, urinary monobutyl phthalate (MBP), monoethyl phthalate (MEP), and monoisobutyl phthalate (MiBP) were associated with short AGDAP. We also observed significant association between monobenzylphthalate (MBzP) and anofourchette distance (AGDAF) in girls. Our study provided findings on significant association of exposure to ∑DEHP metabolites, MBP, MEP, and MiBP with shortened AGDAP in boys. The mechanisms of phthalates effect on AGD may involve receptors and enzymes involved in steroidgenesis, negative influence on Leydig cells, cell proliferation, gonocyte cell numbers, and testosterone production.
Men have sex for the pleasure, women for the ego trip.
Stay with me, it’s worth it. I’m giving away Woman Inc. trade secrets here. Don’t use them for evil.
It’s erroneously claimed women fantasise about rape. Hell no. No woman has ever done that. It’s a fear worse than death for women, just ask us. Although rape can be a cause of death in women, like the stadium girl during Katrina, who was gang-raped to death (heart attack). It isn’t that… thing, by definition, as one cannot fantasise about a thing we do not want (paradox) and we see the life outcomes on actual rape victims, as bad in adulthood as if it happened as a child. Women do not fantasise about the act or the supposed sex, then. There’s something symbolic in being wanted, taken is a visual proof. We desire to BE irresistible. Look at Aphrodite, goddess of love and pleasure but not her pleasure, that of men. Men gain pleasure (now called male gaze, it’s real) even by looking at her (imagine the howling if bikinis were banned and reconcile the popularity of porn voyeurism versus imagination) and yet the Bible condemns this as the act of lechery, further, as a crime of adultery. …Why? …. Anyone?
Re Venus/Aphrodite and why cults of Satan worship her/Divine Feminine and worship with orgies as their ritual (nb. any fornication counts):
She is not an object, she is a deified subject who draws pleasure to her like a whirlpool of power. She is called vain, for being honest about her allure, she loves to be irresistible. That is what women want, not men. All witches are also enchantresses of men. Men are the source of their power, even Biblical kings. Men are made weak only by desire. the Bible warns men to forswear fornication (to retain spiritual power) and avoid seductive women entirely. Sexual desire flowed to women empowers the earth and its creatures (women) as well as its ruler (Satan). Women are not servants of the devil, though, since it’s men, who are serving their energy up, gladly. They are told they need to, they have to, that it’s good for them physically and socially. Father of Lies is whom? Look at all the lust over Hollywood celebrities and porn, two faces of the same location. Films intended for minors now have sex scenes and it’s considered normal. Men are the weak point in the species because earthliness (worldliness) is not a part of their natural energy, the lure is greater. Women already have a connection to nature via her menstrual cycles. So all major Satanist figures are men. Women have no seed to sacrifice (Onan’s sin) and no energy (active) to give.
Masculine women have sex for the pleasure, effeminate men for the ego trip. This is why slutty men and women have a cultural stigma as inferior quality in personal character, or whorish (or the rake, the cad etc), women as animal (base material nature) and men as trying to prove something about themselves by ‘notch counting’, objectifying the women out of personal insecurity (weakness, from degenerating the originally pure Jesus-like soul of the man, making soul ties that bind and curse the man’s life/witch women ‘cursing’ their prey, the Witch seducing the pure boy in the Wardrobe film, objectifying effete/weak men as animals to serve their pleasure – Circe to Pinocchio). Worldliness destroys men and nothing less. In Pinocchio, they were turned into donkeys/asses, related to horses. What does the Bible, Song of Solomon for example, say about such things? Other parts about anatomy? … I’ll let you draw your own conclusions, how they were using those boys once they became worldly… what were centaurs known for? https://www.boundless.org/relationships/solomons-line-on-premarital-sex/
That is the modern era, where male virginity is shamed. Male purity and power over any women mocked.
Meanwhile, the alpha woman is desired irresistibly (read: LOYALLY) by the alpha male, and the alpha man like a king desires only his alpha woman like a queen. His possession technically (so he has more duties) but both powerful, each body belonging to the other as the Bible decrees. Aragorn and Arwen. K-selection. Prosperous order, God’s path. Two energies made one flesh in union. The two made whole, or HOLY. Good tree producing good fruit. All myths and scriptures describe the same things.
The mistake of degenerate ancient pagans was to make the fertility goddess a man, because they liked men. Man are not fertile. Women are fertile. Mother Earth is fertile. Material things are fertile physically e.g. Lady Luck for cash gambling. The goddess of the mint, where gold coins were made. Men are immaterial, the cerebral sex. A male fertility goddess is not worshipped for his sex (or in Zeus’ case, rape) but his virility. As mentioned before ‘the embrace of a god is always fertile’. But look what happened to the Greeks and Romans, compared to the Empires of Christian societies, where the man is pure (free of sin, free of corruption, clear-THINKING) before marriage like Jesus then devoted to the family by clear cerebral choice and oath. Patriarchies are made by controlled masculine energy (self-control > self-mastery > The Master – of the house/womb) and from this, lineages are produced, great houses and legacies, by working with the woman’s inherent materalism (taming the dragon of Medusa-like rage) or I guess woman’s prima materia, her womb. The womb is an oven in alchemy, called furnace, pregnancy is a ‘bun in the oven’. The woman (womb of man) has generative power as wet (yes – lunar cycles prove it) and earthbound by the male’s seed of heat (primal fire, desire) and air (his cerebral, immaterial nature from God, Lord of the Sky/Heavens). Earth+Water+Fire+Air = Life, through the vesica pisces portal of the vulva. …I guess I also just explained the reality of alchemy. This would be referenced in weddings, right? It’s in the Bible like ‘my cup runneth over’ as material prosperity, blessed by the grace of God, especially when one is kind to women (like Jesus!) as we see in stories* but what about the words spoken? What was chosen? Why?
SO what are the vows? Let’s test this. To husband: honour and OBEY. To wife: love and to CHERISH. If either party neglects these gender roles, the marriage and its union is doomed. The man agrees to desire her and be loyal to her. What is the most common cause of divorce? Adultery. Most common cheat? Husband. Not ‘having and HOLDING’ was he? Opposite of cherishing: rejection and humiliation. Why is Medusa angry? Rejection, broadly. Rage caused by men (here rape) kills men. It all fits. Hera, also angry. Why? Only when he cheats. Again, it all fits. The woman agrees to respect him, honour his place above her (equal yoke of protection) because that in turn protects their fruit (children) in devoted sanctity and to provide this fully, she must obey his wishes because her vantage point is material, lower -but not inferior- than his pure (before marriage, chaste, Christ-like) spiritual origin in energy terms. Woman made of rib (material) and man made of God’s ‘dust’, (air) of pure spiritual will. I AM – is God’s name, God is his Will. His Will be done. Yada yada. Aside: It’s impossible for a woman to be corrupted by the physical nor fully understand the spiritual (no female disciples). Made complementary in energies, as a couple, to produce both sexes of progeny. The success or failure of any marriage thus falls squarely on the husband’s shoulders, as it is his duty and responsibility to lead the union. The vows aren’t just words, but an oath.A commitment of the very soul of man itself. No time for careerism or time with the boys, family comes first. Prov 31, study the husband, his qualities.
And if God had a sex himself, as the creator and birther of the birthers, God would technically be a woman, by his own choice (will) of role allocation. The linguistic has caused confusion since Babel.
God concept = male if in Heavens. Creating souls. God physically = female if on Earth, creating bodies (so sent a son as progeny, a child not conceived by the materialism of sex, spiritually pure masculinity, a lamb). If Christianity’s God has you worship a total virgin, what would Satan? Satanism tries to turn Earth into Revelation’s Whore of Babylon, stealing power from God.
So if Satan had a body, Satan would also be a woman (watch Ninth Gate). Anything materialised is feminine. Naturally, God’s place is in Heaven, ‘He’ would never materialise to become a She, so it’s purely theoretical. But the Anti-Christ would likely claim to be, and hence be female.
Looks like Amber Heard. The sheer irony. Somebody tell Johnny.
Husbands are the maintaining energy between two planes of creation, with religion.
Two planes intersecting, forming a cross….
Religion gives the cross meaning.
Don’t take my word:
“What shall I say, O my son?
What, O son of my womb?“
from Prov 31, included that wording in the Bible, not really a metaphor as often claimed, it’s God speaking to you as the maker of your maker (mother, Holy ‘Father’ to, Lording over-), also Prov 31:
“Do not spend your strength on women
or your vigor on those who ruin kings.”
spend their spiritual energy materially, thereby also old slang for ejaculation much later, we had ‘spend a penny’, to urinate – the cost of public toilets. pre-dec.
“The heart of her husband trusts in her,
and he lacks nothing of value.”
AND he gains AND
A husband’s devotion to his wife is his material expression of his love of God.
It’s all right there. You don’t see epic love stories of a woman’s devotion, do you?
re holy dynamic
“Many daughters have done noble things,
but you surpass them all!”
Charm is deceptive and beauty is fleeting,
but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised.” God’s creative power being a higher thing.
Main cause of marital arguments? Money. Section of life? Career. Careerism of either party kills marriages and their sanctity but especially male careerism, it’s abandonment of the primary spiritual commitment. Now you know why the 20th century pushed it on men as desirable to abuse one’s wife and children. How so? Why the Mad Men ideal (and why make that show?)… well, neglect is a form of abuse. The children get neglected. No paternal role model, marriage has no head. A headless body flailing about. Mindless, aimless, but bodily – easily tempted and tainted by worldly things. No wits to resist, no guidance or moral authority. Household has no direction, home empties. No active, masculine energy. Employer rapes it, so Fight Club references the distinct impression that modern bosses rape their male employees of their direction, purpose and life’s energy. Wife is abandoned. Feels undesirable. Her righteous anger at this incorrectly makes him think more retreat will fix it. Man is now effete seeming, passive energy. Emasculating himself. Children sense it, act out, no moral authority will punish them effectively. Children go astray morally. Viscious cycle. Marital failure spirals. Man may leave entirely, the deadbeat or remain absent spiritually as guiding marital force. In either case, union dissolves without his steady stream of energy placed on it. Man’s energy must go somewhere, hence secretary cliche. The reason behind argument, a vow made to place energy. Woman placed in home, energy present. Void of husband? Unloved, uncherished. Nothing to give to children without personal loss (as women = passive). Feels helpless without her man, turns to spiritual intoxicants to blot out misery through the physical, her realm (alcohol, food, sex, smoking, sloth). Life outcomes of absentee parent, kids: not good. The spiritual and the material are not separate. You’re just not looking. Husband/father corrupts his wife and their union’s fruit, children, by omission – neglect and spiritual abandonment. His resentment is self-directed but acted-out in a passive way – like a woman, flees. His leading duties are neglected, so the union erodes. Like Medea, women are rageful out of revenge for being wronged. Cannot be active, becomes more passive out of spite. May be parasitic. Crazed/feared woman always made that way by men in every story e.g. bunny boiler, former mistress or wife.
It applies to a great deal of pop culture. Most people don’t see it.
ONE MORE TEST
Example? Name another cliche trope re women. Love triangle. Symbol: irresistible plus masculine, evolved competition. She gets the best mate, the one who desires her most and, here’s the purpose, would sacrifice the most for his family with her (i.e. God’s spiritual purpose of devotion and loyalty in men). So loyalty in men is praised, cowardice disgraced but there’s no female equivalent of cowardice. If you look at Hera’s rage in myth at a body-changer admitting women enjoy sex more, that’s why fertility gods are correctly women – never heard of a man have multiple orgasms. Meanwhile, a man’s pleasure in life and with wife is in the CHILDREN, his lineage and legacy. Male depression and suicide dovetails nicely with the lowest marriage (and reproduction) rates ever. BOOM.
I do wonder how many male suicides have no (surviving) children. Women simply caretake pre-existing family.
*Fact: Men unkind to women suffer materially their whole lives, self-cursed by the material and their rejection of its God-designed representatives. The material is not wrong, sick or evil per se – only perceived so by the weakness of effeminate men who cannot control/influence it and thusly, feel impotent. If you get the dragon, you did something to deserve it. If Lady Luck hates you, start being a gentleman to woo her. Civilized cultures raise men as gents and the ladies arrange themselves, reflecting like the moon to their sun, the quality and calibre of their society’s men. That’s all a society is. The quality of its procreating men, the fathers and husbands. THEREFORE, EVERY SOCIETY IS A PATRIARCHY. A strong (healthy) or weak (dysfunctional) one. Their control of that role. Is it too much, too little? Is there proper energy exchange? Chivalry isn’t historic, it describes a sophisticated power dynamic of holy energies. It was a Christian series of metaphors. Only the West nailed this, for a while. Look what we achieved with it. Then we let it slip, for domineering over the feminine to ‘prove something’ (egocentric stupidity, selfish, too desperate, ultimately impotent) or degeneracy (self-weakening of men via desires rather than morally weakening women, the soft watery mirrors of solar, fiery light). Weakened men (clue: mutilated manhood, less pleasing to women in studies) prefer to push degeneracy to entice their fellow man competition into destroying themselves.
Trust r-types to come up with the best anti-dysgenics plan yet, out of an attempt at humour.
You take the bullets out of the gun before you wave it around, rather than covering everyone in Kevlar, logically.
The financial and social burdens (approval) to enter matrimony used to put a damper on bad unions so a more technical approach must be considered. If you’re so alpha, why be concerned you won’t pass the fitness tests? The MRAs could be happy no fiendish, evil woman would sperm rape them, no more ghetto, no more alimony, everybody’s happy!
Seriously, all women would endorse this, unless parasitic. Only the reproducing rapists of men would disagree too. It literally cannot go tits up, my dudes. Think of the savings in the welfare system, for starters. That’s less tax necessary right there. Fewer screaming future criminals born into the world. Imagine the triggering of the Left at having no victim class to lord it over, no dysfunction sociologically. Instead, we nip their future voters in the bud, an existential genocide. They wanted to be replaced, right? CALL THEIR BLUFF. Pay all men a bonus of 10k to get it done upon 18 (and possibly to avoid the draft). Seriously. And get check-ups to ensure it holds. We’d end poverty overnight! The biggest predictor of poverty is premature parenthood! They can fund a future and have better odds of marrying well then too. Everyone wins!
Most Boomers wouldn’t exist if abortion laws weren’t brought in by them, but some years earlier. The hippies would’ve killed themselves. As the hippy mutates in every generation, imagine they just… stop. No oops babies for the manosphere to fake cry about. Everybody wins! It’s like our version of the Spartan selection. All you have to do is prove you’re not a fuck-up. Anyone with an IQ above a hundred can do that, if they choose. Imagine that culture of duty and honour. (fans self) It’s anti-Idiocracy. Galton would approve. All child related welfare would end overnight, including the immigrant breeding competition. The rationale of war widows is long gone. You chose to wed, you chose to bred, you can fund them all by yourselves instead. Therefore, the ‘anti-racists’ should logically support a move that quells anti-immigrant sentiment, by treating them like responsible adults. Spread your seed, pay to breed. Children are the ultimate luxury expense.
However, this would only work if ALL unmarried men had to do it (and already-married men also had to pass the tests of basic stability, mentally and financially). We don’t live in a tribal society anymore, solutions must be sweeping. Since men don’t carry the babies in this species, there’s no issue with medical side effects (and extraction under local is possible). Test all children at birth for paternity, publish the results in a public database and the system is rock-solid, all married men have assurance (or shame). If a married man sires a child adulterously, it’s easy to prove (paternity fail) and he is legally forced to get the snip-snip (a stigma and deterrent) and his wife can sue for the adultery (illegitimate children presenting a legal threat to their pre-established contract, maintaining the Biblical sanctity of the marital union in culture and encouraging women to marry out of this sense of safety). It’s a perfect system where everyone is kept honest. I think even MGTOW could agree to this. The problem genes in the species would die out. Degeneracy would disappear, gradually receding into small pockets over time until it went extinct entirely. It used to be underground and controlled for a reason. Rapists would fail in their strategy of stealing reproduction as a choice from women (so most rape would not happen, contra Freud’s blatantly dishonest assertions) or be easily caught. The moral culture would be gentrified and entitled parents would no longer exist because conception is not an accident. Most mental illness would also vanish. What is the downside? The Pill has already partially accomplished this, e.g. gay guys complain the gay ‘community’ is shrinking because many r-women who’d produce them are functionally infertile – but women aren’t responsible for the main r-strategy, literally called sneaky fucker in evobio literature. It’s the young dumb, and full of cum demo of low IQ men. We all know it.
Do you want to play Russian Roulette with the species?
The Pill damages women’s fertility in the long-term (look at gen X and IVF) and they’re giving it out to minors like smarties, for a long term use its inventor advised against, so this flip is really the only responsible solution. Surgical solutions on women would impair childbearing ability. This way would kill postmodernism forever, while allowing superficial bread and circuses to soothe the unfit (to be parents). It’s heavily patriarchal and gives men all the social power while allowing the cream to, er, rise. And replicate. Men improve as a group, genetically. Stupid women go barren as the viable men don’t want them. Women cannot deceive men as to their intentions. Women are respected as babymakers, but in a way we’d all agree with – protectively, no toxic pill chemical expectations poisoning our womb all because men can’t ice themselves for one afternoon. It isn’t like it’s every month for a week, is it? As Nature/God’s design intended, before the Industrial Revolution screwed us all over as a species with urban IQ shredders. There are also fewer great beauties among women because modelling and marrying with the Pill took them out of the breeding population, this would encourage those women back, with enhanced status to viable men and grant prestige amongst women. Women would get more feminine and beautiful as a sex, because all women have a natural desire to reproduce (conscious or not) and modern men pretend we don’t (to their own demise, sometimes). Easy sex has meant the ugliest women could breed, this reverses that trend. Forever. Natural selection of unfit female genes would thereby be restored, without reversing advances in gynecology. Femcels would actually exist and the baby rabies motive in the most rabid of SJWs would be laid bare for all of society to see. It would be undeniable and the power balance, interesting to see. If you only got it reversed to get married, divorce rates would plummet because the husbands would all be mentally stable, capable of leading strong families.
Again, marriage used to connote this filtration purpose – for MEN. By withholding their paternity for a woman who is worthy, wife material. Think about it.
Hoes would need to work in Costco. Imagine it. You say muh female accountability and responsibility sure, but the only way to en-FORCE is to impose it, since women are the passive sex in the species and mirror changes in men with a brief time delay e.g. hyper sexual culture. You cannot affect change in women without first changing all men. It’s biologically impossible. This is genius. Smarter people on average by default. As national IQ rises, so does national GDP and life outcomes of the citizenry. There is no downside unless you’re a spiteful mutant.
As a society, we need to stop acting like women get themselves pregnant. It’s a curious, irrational mental block in the chain of biological causation. It’s such an elegant solution I had to post.
There is literally no downside to that plan. We clearly need a synthetic fitness test to match our synthetic era. Begin with a countersignal, it’s brilliant! It’s hilarious this is horror dystopia to a guy who will clearly never convince a woman to reproduce with him by conscious selection. It culls only r, who hate kids anyway. We’re sparing children abusive, ‘permissive’ parents and it’s 100% Biblical (the connection to God shown by the men, who might do an Onan with their own wife – this avoids that, it gets reversed to get wed – beautiful!). We’d stop seeing atheist couples treat matrimony like a narcissistic party with no fruitfulness (DINKs). Pretty much only conservatives would breed, and seeing as how partisanship is mostly genetic in studies, the Left would be dead. If neocons were smart, they’d come up with this stuff. Appeal to the high time preference by encouraging their genetic suicide tendencies. The political centrists have already Pilled themselves out of existence (a chemical abortifacient, see above – the Pill replicates the miscarriage effect of endometriosis, it’s secretly evil) but men shagging women on it never considered themselves responsible for potential abortion (unlike God). Two absolute facts (common sense) of any high IQ civilization: 1. Men are responsible for their seed, not women. 2. The Pill gave women too much power, I said it. Short of banning it, because you’re all the real pussies here, this evens the odds and feminists couldn’t complain because mens’ body, their choice to breed, since if all men got it by law there’d be no more sneaky fucker strategy, no alphas ripping the rest of you off (see seduction law for how that turned out, America) nor paternity issues with random cads concerning married men – also women couldn’t bitch about side effects, there’d be no need to take it without genuine medical requirement. It spares women suffering, including rape babies! The feminists should be cheering this on! The only valid reason for abortion -barring a fluke fatality risk- would disappear overnight. SHOW ME THE DOWNSIDE HERE, SJWs.
nb Men would have all the power in courtship again but no manwhores could complain because they’re freer than before!
If society wishes to treat fertility like a medical pathology, let’s be reasonable.
The fallacy of poor analogy where a fuck-up of a man (future deadbeat) is synonymous with a rape victim is my only problem with that tweet’s metaphor. Technically, just enforce the patriarchal law that men have zero rights to a child if they failed to marry the mother. That’s literally why men got married, to have a legal right. If you’re not married to her, that is not your child legally and you have no say. Conservatives already figured this all out millennia ago. It’s in the Bible. It tells men to avoid seductive women, fornication and adultery i.e. only sleep with your wife. A man had no legal rights to illegitimate children, because they were so. Most of the West’s ills are due to this socialist oversight. Yes, the woman would have to go it alone, but compared to….? It’s either that or shotgun weddings by definition. Imagine if all deadbeats were forced to marry the mother/s of their babies and support them, to relieve the rest of us for caring for sprogs we didn’t consent to make (a policy of: not my orgasm, not my problem). America’s Idiocracy failing is the moral failing of recognising deadbeats as legitimate fathers. They are not patriarchs, that is a privilege (the woman consents to marry, easy to prove) and not a right or entitlement in any civilised society. It protects a family’s rights to approve of their child’s reproduction choice (as the fruit of their investment and marital contract). You can’t protect anything without deterrents, even an empty house will attract druggies wanting to do smack. Also, prevent second spouses (in a cinderella effect) from taking what is due to the rightful heirs of the first union. This is easily done and actually what a patriarchal culture would practise, over the laddish cult of hedonic cads dodging responsibility for their own fuck-ups, expecting everyone else to pick up the welfare bill while simultaneously feeling entitled to all the privileges of fatherhood. Men honour their commitments.
to avoid obvious questions based on post rarity:
re Robin Hood, I did say Zoomers would be losers. It’s only just begun. Their data is more valuable than their trade, RH users are morons. All the data feeds into AI algos that pre-empt them and due to fibre optics, win. You’re paying the casino to look at all your cards while playing against you, basically.
re Trumpkin Calm before.
re me still not dead, and that’s amazing, considering. There’s a very long, comprehensive list of people I have pissed off. Mostly hiding in my BOL in the country. It’s great. Wifi sucks. Various celebrities are following suit. Isn’t it weird how half of Hollywood has gone quiet and people who used to get photographed constantly dropped off the map? Hoping there’s no EMP because Chicoms may get pissy if their invasion plan is thwarted. Half of Hong Kong arriving in England would make Boris look just as based as I always claimed he was. As you know, I’m his biggest fan. The perma-vaccine push every four months looks less like ‘crazy conspiracy’ every damn day. Nobody listen to Cassandra! I am very used to it! We’ll probably be fine. 85%. If somebody kills Trump I’ll be worried.
The usurper won’t last long.
Currently: watching a video of Mads Mikkelsen doing the drop splits. It’s been a rough year.
Orgasm is typically considered to be a sexual experience. However, orgasms occurring during physical exercise have been occasionally documented. The primary objective of the current study was to understand more about women’s experience with exercise-induced orgasm (EIO) including the types of exercise that women have noted have led to EIO and associations with self-reported sexual experiences. A secondary purpose was to understand and assess women’s experiences of exercise-induced sexual pleasure (EISP) among a convenience sample of women who had never experienced EIO but who had experienced sexual pleasure during exercise. A total of 530 women completed a cross-sectional, anonymous, Internet-based survey. The average age of first EIO was 18.9 years old. Among the most common exercises reported to induce orgasm were abdominalexercises, climbing and lifting weights. Women reporting EISP, but not orgasm, frequently identified biking/spinning, abdominal exercise and lifting weights as associated with their experiences. Self-consciousness during exercise was commonly reported by women in the EIO group. However, sexual thoughts or fantasy related to EIO were only rarely reported. Findings challenge the idea that women’s orgasm is an intrinsically sexual experience. Implications related to the scientific understanding of orgasm processes and clinical recommendations are discussed.
Not all women though. And usually not orgasm, just pleasure.
So they aren’t looking for men in the gym, they’re replacing men.
How hilarious that inferior men blame the long suffering women for the woman’s supposed ‘inability’ to finish, because they performed badly. You had one job, learn to use your manhood. That isn’t her job. It’s your body part. Women are receptive physically, not active, so there isn’t much to learn on her side because response depends entirely on action first, action to reaction. That’s gender. Like, if you can be replaced by gym equipment, theoretically, that goes nowhere near her lady bits, clearly you messed up somewhere. If being literally inside a woman with part of your body doesn’t crack it, then obviously the problem is you.
Naturally the manosphere will ignore these findings in favour of cope. ‘Frigid’ doesn’t exist, you’re just shit in bed. Like most skills, statistically most men would be bad at it. One woman’s low standards in one anecdote mean nothing. Assuming that happened and she wasn’t just being polite or faking it. This is why bragging doesn’t work on women. It’s the one thing women lie about.
Then those same bros wonder why she leaves him (fine) or cheats (not fine) with another man, who did know how to use it. I wonder what the common denominator of dysfunction was! Clearly, blaming the woman all the time works out so well for these guys…. who keep ending up alone mysteriously, after initial ‘luck’.
Porn lies to men, stop ‘learning’ from it! Listen to women about what women want!
Asking other men for advice on what women like in bed is literally like asking a tranny how to be a woman or asking a man about periods. Yet morons online do it all the time! Armchair sexual therapists need to STFU, you should only care what the other party in your bed wants, not some hypothetical loser online. Like, when did these guys grow a clitoris? Do you ask women for prostate self-massage advice? That’s how dumb it is. Trolls online sabotage their competition with bad sexual advice.
Duh? Nothing to do with women, who always worked. That was a false flag by Peterson, who curiously didn’t show any data (because that data does not exist). Women always worked, even in pre-industry, except the royalty and certain aristocrats. That is nowhere near most women, let alone all. Contrary to Peterson’s nagging, Western incomes are still high internationally, so what would explain the 60s-00s replacement of the working class, but globalisation broadly and international competition from mass immigration locally? Naturally his lefty politics won’t allow him to finger the true culprit because that raises uncomfortable questions for his age group.
Missionaries violated the Bible by giving gibs to heathens, as in ‘those who will not work, shall not eat’. https://www.worlddata.info/average-income.php But y’know, that’s just actually looking for the DATA. UK average income $42k. Meanwhile places with an intact culture (relatively) and plausibly more K-family units (read: high marriage rates) have super low incomes and larger families as the norm still. e.g. Poland $15.2k Croatia $14.9k Russia $11.2k Serbia $16.1k Hungary $7k since you all have such a hard-on for the EE nations
so it’s a blatant FALLACY to conflate income with family formation in white people
with ONGOING data to prove it decisively (no muh 21st century is different)
losers: “it’s all about the money! that’s why women don’t want me!” sure
and population has gone up steadily e.g. Russia. https://www.worlddata.info/europe/russia/populationgrowth.php The data is out there but the fake redpill refuse to admit immigration is the problem and always has been (because literally most of them are immigrants, Magic Dirt men playing hello fellow white man). They wish to foment mutual white hatred (r-select impulse, the spiteful mutant) and what are the two biggest demographics in any race? Men v. women. Men stop protecting the women, women are easy prey. Divide, conquer. Cowardly but dysgenic.
The rise of the East has killed the West and the traditional breeding stock of the working class. Globalisation kills. Blaming the in-group is what the Globalists want, it produces further sterility and prevents you from questioning them (political triangulation), see: SJWs salivating over causing a gender war and larping as white women when they aren’t (religiously).
Did women get the vote in 1995, ya morons?
example of this all with EE nations again:
Poland has one of the lowest birth rates in the EU (as covered before, the r-women don’t want kids when asked) but even their population has been holding steady despite emigration and low incomes. https://www.worlddata.info/europe/poland/populationgrowth.php Blaming ‘women’ for working is plain ignorant of history! Did they think their grandmothers all twiddled their thumbs? What would they prefer? Living on welfare? Starving? Working until their eggs are all gone? Those are the only options, all demographic death. Women cannot fix this and shouldn’t be blamed for it. At some point they need to man up and admit men need to correct the ‘mistakes’ of their forefathers i.e. globalisation, immigration, multiculturalism.
There was data going round, mentioned by Academic Agent, that if only women voted in the UK since WW2, no left wing government would’ve ever gotten into power since. I’d like a video on that. Shan’t hold my breath but if enough people pester him he could trigger some broflakes because the sloth of r-men votes socialism due to lower T, r-women want to work. Americans need to look at data before complaining. Why are no major MGTOW/MRA channels removed from youtube? The plan is anti-white family, duh.
Besides, adopting pure r, we physically could not outnumber them by over-breeding, they’re generations ahead of us. The baby cult cannot flatten r-numbers.
“The global fertility rate fell from 5.25 children per woman in 1900, to 2.44 children per woman in 2018. The steepest drop in this shift happened in a single decade, from 1970 to 1980.” When Boomers gave the Pill to unmarried couplesand factories moved overseas.
“The overall decline in fertility rates isn’t expected to end anytime soon, and it’s even expected to fall past 2.1 children per woman, which is known as the “replacement rate”. Any fertility below this rate signals fewer new babies than parents, leading to an eventual population decline. Experts predict that world fertility will further drop from 2.5 to 1.9 children per woman by 2100. This means that global population growth will slow down or possibly even go negative.” All socialist/Marx models rely on rising population, that’s why all their policies e.g. Sex Ed, single parent gibs, no criminal punishment for adultery, all have the same outcome. They’re breeding chattel for their pension pot. Socialists oversee the breeding of their own slaves. Dark, huh?
As Darwin suggested, evolution is a race for life, and until the overseas threats are dealt with, local solutions are null and void. The ship is sinking, stop your enemies from blowing more holes in the boat. K-selection requires a fair i.e. closed system for operation. Globalists hate this because one such system would easily outcompete them. R-types pouring into the same territory exploiting shared resources will starve all Ks.
Going by the historical definition, nations such as Finland, Sweden, Ireland, and Switzerland were Third World countries. Based on today’s definition, these would not be considered Third World countries. Instead, what many now interpret “Third World” to mean encompasses economically poor and non-industrialized countries, as well as newly industrialized countries.
The international economic order has changed in the last 40 years and will no doubt go on changing, as leading economist, Angus Maddison, explains.*
In 1962, we usually divided the world into three regions. The advanced capitalist group was then known as the developed world. The second was the “Sino-Soviet bloc”. Countries “in course of development” were the third world. The China-USSR split occurred in the early 1960s; most of the communist regimes collapsed around 1990, and the hostility of the cold war has largely faded away. The income gap between the former communist countries and the advanced capitalist group has become very much wider than it was. For this reason, a tripartite division of the world economy is no longer appropriate.
For rough comparisons, it is now useful to divide the world in two and compare developments in the advanced capitalist group with the aggregate for lower-income countries – designated as the “West” and the “Rest” in our tables. On average, the West increased its income per head fourfold from 1950 to 2001 – a growth rate of 2.8% a year. In the rest of the world there was a threefold increase – a growth rate of 2.2%. In both cases this was much better than earlier performance. From 1820 to 1950, income grew 1.3% a year in the West and 0.6% in the Rest. Though the gap in income level was still increasing, the acceleration in performance was bigger in the Rest.
Population of the West rose by half from 1950 to 2001 (0.8% a year), about the same pace as in 1820-1950. In the Rest, the situation was very different. Population grew by 2.0%, compared with 0.6% in the earlier period. This reflected a major improvement in welfare as mortality declined and life expectation rose from 44 to 65 years in 2001 – much faster than in the West. In the past two decades birth rates have fallen rapidly – a demographic transition which happened earlier in the West.
The West is now a relatively homogeneous group in terms of living standards, growth performance, economic institutions and modes of governance. Over the past five decades there has also been significant convergence in most of these respects. This is not true of the Rest. There are more than 180 countries in this group. They have nearly all increased their income levels significantly since 1950, but the degree of success has varied enormously. Most of Asia is experiencing fast per capita income growth. Most African countries are fairly stagnant. Most Latin American countries found it very difficult to keep a steady trajectory of advance in the 1980s and 1990s. Population growth is fastest in Africa, a good deal slower in Latin America and slower still in Asia. Life expectation and levels of education are lowest in Africa, better in Latin America, and better still in Asia.
Between 1950 and 2001, the Asian group increased per capita income fivefold and narrowed the relative gap between their incomes and the West. In other regions there was no convergence. Latin American income rose more than twofold, in the former command economies of Eastern Europe and the USSR less than twofold and in Africa about two thirds.
The divergence was even more striking in 1990-2001. In this period the Western group increased their income by a fifth, the Asian group by half, Latin America by a sixth, Africa stagnated and in the former communist countries per capita income fell by a quarter. [DS: WHYYYYYYY]
American policy since 1973 has been much more successful than that of Western Europe and Japan in realising potential for income growth. The incidence of unemployment is now about half of that in Western Europe, whereas in 1950–1973 it was usually double the European rate. Labour force participation increased, with employment expanding from 41% of the population in 1973 to 49% in 1998, compared with an average European rise from 42 to 44%. The percentage drop in working hours per person was half of that in Western Europe. These high levels of activity were achieved with a rate of inflation which was generally more modest than in Western Europe.
US policymakers have been less inhibited in operating at high levels of demand than their European counterparts. Having the world’s major reserve currency, and long used to freedom of international capital movements, they generally treated exchange rate fluctuations with benign neglect. The Reagan administration made major tax cuts, and carried out significant measures of deregulation in the expectation that they would provoke a positive supply response that would outweigh potential inflationary consequences. The US operated with more flexible labour markets. Its capital market was better equipped to supply venture funds to innovators. Its economy was as big as Western Europe but much more closely integrated. Demand buoyancy was sustained by a stock market boom in the 1990s.
The United States was a major gainer from the globalisation of international capital markets. In the postwar period until 1988, US foreign assets always exceeded liabilities, but thereafter its net foreign asset position moved from around zero to minus $1.5 trillion (more than 20% of GDP). Thus the rest of the world helped to sustain the long American boom and financed the large US payments deficit.
The table provides a quantification of growth performance of eight major regions of the world economy and some very tentative projections for development up to the year 2015.
The demographic projections are those of the United Nations Population Division, and indicate a continuing decline in the rate of population growth in virtually all parts of the world. Nevertheless there will still be a very striking difference between the advanced capitalist group and Africa. At 0.33% a year it would take 210 years to double population in the first group. In Africa it is likely to happen within 32 years. [forcing all white people to marry would not work]
In making per capita GDP projections, I assumed a continuance of 1990-2001 rates of performance in Western Europe and Japan and a mild slowdown in the USA, where the information technology bubble of the 1990s has burst, and where the capital inflow which financed its trade deficit seems likely to slacken substantially. Aggregate per capita growth in the “West” seems unlikely to slow down very significantly, but combined with the demographic slowdown, it means that aggregate GDP growth would be about 2% a year. This pace would be similar to that in 1913-1950. Growth momentum transmitted by the “West” is likely to be more modest than in 1870-1913 and 1973-2001.
Asia (excluding Japan)
The most buoyant part of the world economy since the early 1970s has been Asia (excluding Japan). These economies have grown faster than those of the West and their buoyancy has been sustained in great part by their own policies. Their weight in the world economy is much larger than any other non-Western region. I assumed that their per capita growth 2001-2015 will be at the same pace as in 1990-2001.
These economies are catching up with the West and are still at a level of development where “opportunities of backwardness” are unlikely to erode. The combination of high investment rates and rapid GDP growth means that their physical capital stock has been growing more rapidly than in other parts of the world. The East Asian economies also have a high ratio of employment to population. This is due to falling fertility and a rising share of population of working age, but also reflects the traditionally high labour mobilisation of multi-cropping rice economies. In all cases which are documented they had high rates of improvement in education and the quality of human capital. Equally striking were the rapid growth of exports, the high ratio of exports to GDP, and a willingness to attract foreign direct investment as a vehicle for assimilation of foreign technology. These characteristics of China, South Korea and Chinese-Taipei have made for super-growth, but there is a second tier of countries whose growth is accelerating rapidly. The most notable case is India which has the potential to join the super-growth club. There are other economies where prospects are more problematic, but these are only a sixth of the Asian total. The projections assume no substantial change in their performance.
Latin America is the second largest non-Western region with about 8% of world product and a slightly bigger share of world population. Until the 1970s, economic policy was different from that in the advanced capitalist group. Most countries never seriously tried to observe the fixed rate discipline of Bretton Woods. National currencies were repeatedly devalued, IMF advocacy of fiscal and monetary rectitude was frequently rebuffed, high rates of inflation became endemic. Most countries reacted with insouciance to the worldwide explosion of prices, and governments felt that they could accommodate high rates of inflation. They were able to borrow on a large scale at negative real interest rates to cover external deficits incurred as a result of expansionary policies.
However, the basic parameters had changed by the early 1980s. By then, the OECD countries were pushing anti–inflationary policy very vigorously. The change to restrictive monetary policy initiated by the US Federal Reserve pushed up interest rates suddenly and sharply. Between 1973 and 1982, external debt increased sevenfold and the credit worthiness of Latin America as a whole was grievously damaged by Mexico’s debt delinquency in 1982. The flow of voluntary private lending stopped abruptly, and created a massive need for retrenchment in economies teetering on the edge of hyperinflation and fiscal crisis. In most countries resource allocation was distorted by subsidies, controls, widespread commitments to government enterprise and detailed interventionism. Most of them also had serious social tension, and several had unsavoury political regimes.
In the 1930s, most Latin American countries resorted to debt default, but it was not a very attractive option in the 1980s. World trade had not collapsed, international private lending continued on a large scale. The IMF and World Bank had substantial facilities to mitigate the situation, and leverage to pressure Western banks to make involuntary loans and legitimate a substantial degree of delinquency.
In the 1980s, the attempts to resolve these problems brought major changes in economic policy. But in most countries, changes were made reluctantly. After experiments with heterodox policy options in Argentina and Brazil, most countries eventually embraced the neoliberal policy mix pioneered by Chile. They moved towards greater openness to international markets, reduced government intervention, trade liberalisation, less distorted exchange rates, better fiscal equilibrium and establishment of more democratic political systems.
The cost of this transition was a decade of falling per capita income in the 1980s. After 1990, economic growth revived substantially but the process was interrupted by contagious episodes of capital flight.
My projections for Latin America assume some modest improvement in per capita performance in 2001-2015.
Africa has nearly 13% of world population, but only 3% of world GDP. It is the world’s poorest region. Its population is growing seven times as fast as in Western Europe. Per capita income in 2001 was below its 1980 peak. African economies are more volatile than most others because export earnings are concentrated on a few primary commodities, and extremes of weather (droughts and floods) are more severe and have a heavy impact.
As a result of rapid growth, little more than half the population is of working age. Almost half are illiterate. They have had a high incidence of infectious and parasitic disease (malaria, sleeping sickness, hookworm, river blindness, yellow fever). Over two thirds of HIV-infected people live in Africa. As a result the quantity and quality of labour input per head of population is much lower than in other parts of the world.
European powers became interested in grabbing Africa in the 1880s. Twenty-two countries eventually emerged from French colonisation, 21 from British, 5 from Portuguese, 3 from Belgian, 2 from Spanish. Germany lost its colonies after the First World War, Italy after the Second. The colonialists created boundaries to suit their own convenience, with little regard to local traditions or ethnicity. European law and property rights were introduced with little regard to traditional forms of land allocation. Hence European colonists often got the best land and most of the benefits from exploitation of mineral rights and plantation agriculture. African incomes were kept low by forced labour or apartheid practices. Little was done to build a transport infrastructure or to cater for popular education.
Colonisation ended between 1956 and 1974. In South Africa, the mass of the population did not get political rights until 1994. Independence brought many serious challenges. The political leadership had to try to create elements of national solidarity and stability more or less from scratch. The new national entities were in most cases a creation of colonial rule. There was great ethnic diversity with no tradition or indigenous institutions of nationhood. The linguistic vehicle of administration and education was generally French, English or Portuguese rather than the languages most used by the mass of the population. Africa became a focus of international rivalry during the cold war. China, the USSR, Cuba and East European countries supplied economic and military aid to new countries viewed as proxies in a worldwide conflict of interest. Western countries, Israel and Chinese-Taipei were more generous in supplying aid and less fastidious in its allocation than they might otherwise have been. As a result, Africa accumulated large external debts which had a meagre developmental pay-off.
There was a great scarcity of people with education or administrative experience. Suddenly these countries had to create a political elite, staff a national bureaucracy, establish a judiciary, create a police force and armed forces, send out dozens of diplomats. The first big wave of job opportunities strengthened the role of patronage and rent-seeking, and reduced the attractions of entrepreneurship. The existing stock of graduates was too thin to meet the demands and there was heavy dependence on foreign personnel.
The process of state creation involved armed struggle in many cases. Many countries have suffered from civil wars and bloody dictators. These wars were a major impediment to development.
In many African states, rulers have sought to keep their positions for life. In most states, rulers relied for support on a narrow group who shared the spoils of office. Corruption became widespread, property rights insecure, business decisions risky.
A major factor in the slowdown since 1980 has been external debt. As the cold war faded from the mid-1980s, foreign aid levelled off, and net lending to Africa fell. Although the flow of foreign direct investment has risen it has not offset the fall in other financial flows
The challenges to development in Africa are greater than in any other continent, the deficiencies in health, education and nutrition the most extreme. It is the continent with the greatest need for financial aid and technical assistance. The per capita GDP projections assume that these kinds of aid will be increased and that per capita growth will be positive. However, it is unlikely that African countries will, by 2015, be able to establish a trajectory of rapid catch-up such as Asian economies have achieved.
In Eastern Europe, the economic system was similar to that in the USSR from 1948 to the end of the 1980s, and so was economic performance. In 1950-1973, per capita growth more or less kept pace with that of Western Europe, but faltered badly as the economic and political system began to crumble. From 1973-1990, it grew at 0.5% a year compared with 1.9% in Western Europe.
The transition from a command to a market economy was difficult in all of the countries. The easiest part was freeing prices and opening of trade with the West. This ended shortages and queuing, improved the quality of goods and services and increased consumer welfare. However, much of the old capital stock became junk; the labour force needed to acquire new skills and work habits; the legal and administrative systems and the tax/social benefit structure had to be transformed; the distributive and banking networks to be rebuilt from scratch. The travails of transition led to a fall in average per capita income for the group from 1990 to 1993, but it rose by over 3% a year from then to 2001. My projection assumes that this pace of advance can be maintained at least until 2015. In fact, these countries can probably do better than this if they can be integrated into the European Union with better access to its goods, labour, and capital markets, its regional and other subsidies, than they have thus far enjoyed. Present real income levels are only a third of those in Western Europe. Wages are also much lower, but the disparity in skills is much less. The Eastern economies are therefore capable of mounting a catch-up dynamic similar to that of Asia if the integration takes place.
Successor states of former USSR
Fifteen successor states emerged from the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. In all of them, there was already a very marked deceleration of economic growth in 1973-1990. There was colossal inefficiency in resource allocation, a very heavy burden of military expenditure and associated spending, depletion and destruction of natural resources.
Capital/output ratios were higher than in capitalist countries. Materials were used wastefully. Shortages created a chronic tendency to hoard inventories. The steel consumption/GDP ratio was four times as high as in the US. The average industrial firm had 814 workers in 1987 compared with 30 in Germany and the UK. Transfer of technology from the West was hindered by trade restrictions, lack of foreign direct investment and very restricted access to foreign technicians and scholars. Work incentives were meagre, malingering on the job was commonplace. [but UBI and pensions will make it better /s]
The quality of consumer goods was poor. Retail outlets and service industries were few. Prices bore little relation to cost. Consumers wasted time queuing, bartering or sometimes bribing their way to the goods and services they wanted. There was an active black market, and special shops for the nomenklatura. There was increasing cynicism, frustration, growing alcoholism and a decline in life expectation. [so like America now?]
Soviet spending on its military and space effort was around 15% of GDP in the 1970s and 1980s, nearly three times the US ratio and five times as high as in Western Europe. There were significant associated commitments to Afghanistan, Cuba, Mongolia, North Korea, Vietnam and Soviet client states in Africa.
In the 1950s a good deal of agricultural expansion was in virgin soil areas, whose fertility was quickly exhausted. Most of the Aral sea was transformed into a salty desert. Exploitation of mineral and energy resources in Siberia and Central Asia required bigger infrastructure costs than in European Russia. The Chernobyl nuclear accident had a disastrously polluting effect on a large area of the Ukraine.
In 1985-1991 Gorbachev established a remarkable degree of political freedom and liberated Eastern Europe but had no coherent economic policy. From then to end 1999, Yeltsin broke up the Soviet Union, destroyed its economic and political system and moved towards a “market” economy. The economic outcome was a downward spiral of real income for the mass of the population. On average, GDP was nearly 30% lower in 2002 in the 15 republics than in 1990. Fixed investment and military spending fell dramatically, so the drop in private consumption was milder. There were very big changes in income distribution. Under the old system, basic necessities (bread, housing, education, health, crèches and social services) had been highly subsidised by the government or provided free by state enterprises to their workers. These all became relatively more expensive, the real value of wages and pensions was reduced by hyperinflation, and the value of popular savings was destroyed. There were major gains in the income of a new oligarchy. [i.e. cancelling Marxism cannot be overnight]
The new “market” economy is grossly inefficient and unfair in allocating resources. There has been legislation to establish Western style property rights, but in practice accountancy is opaque and government interpretation of property rights is arbitrary. Many businesses are subject to criminal pressure. Property owners such as shareholders or investors are uncertain whether their rights will be honoured. Workers are not sure their wages will be paid.
*This article is an adapted extract from Angus Maddison’s chapter, “The West and the Rest in the International Economic Order”, in Development is Back, OECD Development Centre, 2002.
Weird I’m shown this after watching ONE Better Bachelor video. Almost like these education videos make the r-types reeee. Hey, when anything gets big it becomes mainstream info and you can’t put the rattlesnake back in the bag. The narcissism signs channels also get pushed (go incognito to see)…. silly broflakes.Aren’t you ‘proud’ if you’re doing ‘nothing wrong’?
Much is said online of f-f gaslighting, like SJW propaganda that all men are scum but m-f gaslighting is more damaging to society and its future prospects, especially when deceptively aimed at sheltered K-women to impair bonding and exploit that damage. You get the rare female ‘player’ types like Amber Heard but all these antisocial tricks are sociopathic so it’s just ASPD prevalence in the population anyway. Sociopaths are scum, there are just more male ones. If I didn’t grow up in a redpill household I might’ve fallen for some of these myself, women are too trusting, it’s the oestrogen. It’s a genetic fallacy to assume the quality of men acting toward women is the same as the 1950s, let alone 1850s, and since men lead society, the bad example brings everyone down by standard. Moral decline is male-led. However, society (America, cornerstone of The West) has become more psychopathic – hedonic, sexually promiscuous, violent crime/sadistic media, no future goals, parasitic lifestyle, compulsive (sweet) lies, takes no responsibility (hypoagency in adults). The Weinsteins have written the rulebooks. Hollywood romcoms suck ON PURPOSE. Happily married women don’t go to see them! Men are natural liars, hence the glibness and superficial charm of psychopaths, who are almost exclusively male. Also, all great actors are men because men are natural born liars, character is overcoming that for integrity. That’s why female character doesn’t work the same and female liars are considered masculine (usually lesbian). If you have sisters, mothers, daughters, friends you care about, help the fellow Ks to avoid r-types in ALL forms. There is no Sisterhood or Bro Code, those are collectivist (multicultural*) r-select psyops. They are thought-terminating cliche to gaslight a group that translate as ‘injure your prospects to benefit me’. Toxic friendships are one thing, avoiding deadbeats saves LIVES.
Shannon writes: “Tell yourself all the things you want to hear. “I’m beautiful, smart,etc…so you are not waiting for a man to tell you what you already know. Men will say and do anything to just use you. Know your worth!”
Good advice to avoid all glib predators. I grew up hearing nice things so when I heard them from users, I just shrugged and agreed because my parents loved me…. this pissed them off. This was instructive. Predators hate healthy self-esteem so they try to enable the insecurity of the young (parenting other people’s kids – creepy!) to make for easier pickings later or outright target the young (legally or illegally). Pedos are just the lazy sexual predators, all humans are objects to them, some on the lowest shelf to grab. ‘Game’ is not normal, it’s a term describing the gaslighting of sexual slavery. It normalises sexual predation, something patriarchy always condemned. It is actively anti-K by exploiting that gene pool and damaging its monogamous courtship model, it’s sexual strategy sabotage of Ks by r. We need to establish ways to raise good children who can navigate the low-trust psychopathic society. There’s no ability to mince words because well-raised children ARE naive.
Monet: “I always hear men say “Women don’t know what they want” heard that my whole life everywhere” Only from the low IQ ones, projecting. They wait to see a woman they like and conform to her, for a while. PDs do this, especially BPD and HPD. Women seem to have life goals as teens: marriage yes, kids yes, where to live. Men are more freeform and the dumb ones have no concrete plans at all. Voting was based on property ownership to exclude the useless nomadic bachelor and Sparta actively taxed them for being parasites. Low IQ people project, it’s just that statistically, there are more low IQ men than women and society doesn’t notice the women due to normal socialisation skills. Anytime you hear a sweeping statement complaint, with no data (or the contrary data) then it’s a projection. So much cope. If women were aimless and useless, the female suicide rate would dwarf the male and we don’t live in that world. The low IQ complain of a thing while also denying it in the same sentence because they assume everyone else is too stupid to notice too. Women have higher verbal IQs, that’s why women are turned off so many men. It’s our way of testing their IQ. So women want to TALK – in person, which shits up low IQ men. They panic without the digital crutch. Anyone can sound smart online (allo allo allo). They have to check-in with other men what to say because they’re too stupid to form a sentence (ghetto women too, both groups low IQ). The romance novel leads are always ELOQUENT. PUAs sell communication copy/paste hackjobs. “Women don’t know what they want” – projection AND gaslighting. Women aren’t confused, they just disagree with you – probably because you’re stupid. These men who constantly bump into ‘crazy’ people never like to be asked, have you ever tried to see it through their eyes?
Low IQ has no insight, no empathy.
They need forums of other predators because their interpersonal retardation requires a collective hivemind, spoon-feeding ‘insights’ by crowd sourcing. They cannot think by themselves. They read every trendy self-improvement book going*, too. Trash brains.
Have you ever considered, you might be stupid? Smart people do. Stupid people don’t (fragile ego) and never ever improve, so all other people are ‘crazy’ or have an ‘attitude problem’. Maaaybe it’s you. Low IQ cannot mentalise somebody smarter than they are, so cognitive dissonance rationalises as ‘crazy’ or in cases of morality ’emotional’. Yes, serial killers view it like this too. They only killed three people omg.
Arm mothers and daughters with wisdom.
*Antisocial predators hate people discussing their ‘tactics’. Even tactics is aggressive language re intimacy. It’s not a war. The violence is implied by a predator/prey dynamic. A sneaky underhand coercive predation. Greene’s ‘seduction’ book (seduction is still illegal on American law books) calls the woman the ‘target’ – but all they want is fuzzy romance, right?