Are individualistic societies less equal?

Are Individualistic Societies Less Equal? Evidence from the Parasite Stress Theory of Values

THE HORROR.

[This is how you don’t do a study on cultural differences.]

https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/78557/1/gini_pathogens-1.pdf

It is widely believed that individualistic societies, which emphasize personal freedom, award social
status for accomplishment, and favor minimal government intervention, are more prone to higher
levels of income inequality compared to more collectivist societies, which value conformity, loyalty, and tradition and favor more interventionist policies.

widely believed?

And tradition doesn’t mean, what you think it means i.e. nepotism, grandpa never retires.

The results in this paper, however, challenge this conventional view.

Great, nurture people.

Drawing on a rich literature in biology and evolutionary psychology, we test the provocative Parasite Stress Theory of Values,

aka wrong

because low fitness =

which suggests a possible link between the historical prevalence of infectious diseases, the cultural dimension of individualism-collectivism and differences in income inequality across countries.

Specifically, in a two-stage least squares analysis, we use the historical prevalence of infectious diseases as an instrument for individualistic values, which, in the next stage, predict the level of income inequality, measured by the net GINI coefficient from the Standardized World Income Inequality Database (SWIID). Our findings suggest that societies with more individualistic values have significantly lower net income inequality.

Make your mind up.

White man bad or good.

The results are robust even after controlling for a number of confounding factors such as economic development, legal origins, religion, human capital, other cultural values, economic institutions, and geographical controls.

Legal origins…..

Oh, I brought screencap.

Shit, a diagram of people who wash their hands after.

Could this have something to do with infection? or…. IQ?

The Parasite Stress Theory of Values, which was first introduced by Thornhill and Fincher
(2014), proposes that regions with high levels of parasitic stress were more likely to naturally
select personality traits such as xenophobia, neophobia, ethnocentrism, and, more generally,
values that disregard the well-being of out-group members, including those at the lower
end of the economic ladder. Traits like xenophobia and neophobia, for instance, not only
reduce economic transactions between groups and across-regions, but reward conformity
and obedience toward traditional order and discourage novelty

???

Explain Brexit.

As a result, societies with high degree of pathogenic stress were more likely to develop cultural traits associated with collectivist values (Fincher et al., 2008) that view negatively ideas that can potentially threaten the established social norms.

Societies too thick to believe germ theory contaminate their water supply and get infected?

To this day?

See they wanna admit the collectivism but spin it.

From an evolutionary standpoint, these behavioral strategies were mechanisms to stop the spread of
infectious diseases

The required amount of immigrants is zero and mercantile transportation didn’t exist for millennia.

The Chinese seemed happy to swarm America as soon as it was legal.

Where did black death come from? Which continent?

Theoretically, then, the effect of individualistic values on income inequality is ambiguous.

More lies.

Since the individualism-collectivism component loads positively on values such as individual freedom, opportunity, achievement, advancement, recognition, and loads negatively on values such as harmony, cooperation, and relations with supervisors, Gorodnichenko and Roland (2012) note that, broadly defined, individualism emphasizes the values of personal freedom, affective autonomy, and achievement. In that sense, individualistic cultures award social status to personal achievements such as innovation, discoveries, or artistic achievements with high social status (Gorodnichenko and Roland, 2012).

How terrible. /s

A stylized empirical fact that emerged from a series of follow-up studies is that developed and industrialized nations are more likely to be associated with greater prevalence of individualism whereas less developed, traditional and agricultural societies are more likely to preserve collectivistic values (Hofstede et al., 1991).

“less developed” = low IQ

maybe the culture led to the economic prosperity and industry? big if true?

What is this a map of, children?

a) places people want to live

b) places white people live

c) cultures that aren’t shit-holes

d) cultures where capitalism is technically allowed

e) countries that won’t suffer comparatively in the next collapse

f) all of the above.

It’s F, for Fuck China, rates should’ve gone up decades ago.

You read the rest.

Autonomous (individualistic) cultures are ones where people are seen as autonomous and independent entities. In such cultures, people are encouraged to cultivate and express their own preferences, feelings, ideas, and abilities, and derive meaning from their own uniqueness. Embedded (collectivist) cultures, on the other hand, are ones where people find meaning by identifying with the group, participating in a shared way of life, and striving towards shared goals.

Where do you want to live?

In short, do you want to suppress, oppress and smother the smart, gifted people?

Average IQ by Race, Ethnicity, and Career . . . And Why It Matters

You can say Japan and China are smarter until you look at their pension plans.

I’ve posted about them.

Israel’s IQ is 95 on a good day.

Southeast Asians (Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Borneo)

87

about right, almost a whole deviation down

YOU have to live with this.

South Asians (Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Iraq, Iran, the Gulf states, the Near East, and Turkey)

84

Yes, let us fear them.

Eastern and Southeastern Europe is 95

Hispanics in America 89

I’m scared, are you?

Welfare, the important metric.

Why count Asia as two? Why all the lies? Why?

You count all Europeans?

East Asian are African mongrels

No, literally.
Historically they didn’t exist until recently, in the archaeological record. Recent colonialism also mingled some Euro DNA into Indians to make obvious castes but this isn’t about that, it’s about East Asians specifically and WAY before that.
They’re Mongoloid-Negroid half-breeds.
Literally. They’re the first mixed race.

I’m not kidding. Just East Asians and like I said before, the morphological similarities bear this out.

Read it and weep.

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/292/5519/1151.full

Stronger jaws, larger head overall in size and lower national IQs, huge lips.

Okay, you argue, but how do we know they actually interbred? And this wasn’t some labeling error or mistake?? Wouldn’t there be modern Africans who look Asian too? Interbreeding goes both ways, after all.

Yes, there would. Again, plenty of morphological similarities.

That’s an African girl.

Tell me there was no inter-breeding.

African.

African.

African.

African.

African.

African.

Asian, just to throw you off. Note the nose.

Large mouth, pronounced raised brow, pronounced nostrils, broad jaw.

The Asian one, large mouth, pronounced nostrils, raised brow, broad jaw.

I saw it before but didn’t realize we had genetic proof.

The broad flat nose with flared nostrils with characteristic dip between the eyes plus forehead bulge ALL pinged to me as African.

The profile is very African, mathematically. In profile many of the blacker ones have a very curved forehead in profile.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/11988682_African_Origin_of_Modern_Humans_in_East_Asia_A_Tale_of_12000_Y_Chromosomes

To test the hypotheses of modern human origin in East Asia,

because it isn’t ancient, archaeologically

we sampled 12,127 male individuals from 163 populations and typed for three Y chromosome biallelic markers (YAP, M89, and M130). All the individuals carried a mutation at one of the three sites. These three mutations (YAP+, M89T, and M130T) coalesce to another mutation (M168T), which originated in Africa about 35,000 to 89,000 years ago. Therefore, the data do not support even a minimal in situ hominid contribution in the origin of anatomically modern humans in East Asia.

A lot of weebs are gonna be pissed.

And to study the men… so that’s an African man chromosome in your waifu, she been blacked centuries ago!

http://en.lisapoyakama.org/the-first-inhabitants-of-asia-were-black/

Apparently Canaanites were black!

Well, if you’re sure!

They also have photos of black Asians a century ago, in case anyone wonders about more recent mixture tainting findings.

Read top study here:

https://www.academia.edu/12954794/African_Origin_of_Modern_Humans_in_East_Asia_A_Tale_of_12_000_Y_Chromosomes

To test the hypotheses of modern human origin in East Asia, we sampled 12,127 male individuals from 163 populations and typed for three Y chromosome biallelic markers (YAP, M89, and M130). All the individuals carried a mutation at one of the three sites. These three mutations (YAP, M89T, and M130T) coalesce to another mutation (M168T), which originated in Africa about 35,000 to 89,000 years ago. 

Reference:

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001Sci…292.1151K

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2005/05/12/2003254307

An international study has found that the Chinese people originated not from “Peking Man” in northern China, but from early humans in East Africa who moved through South Asia to China some 100,000 years ago,

Based on DNA analyses of 100,000 samples gathered from around the world, a number of human families evolved in East Africa some 150,000 years ago, said Li Hui (李輝), a member of Jin’s team.

About 100,000 years ago, some of those humans began to leave Africa, with some people moving to China via South and Southeast Asia, Li said.

According to the newspaper article, it has been proven that the “65 branches of the Chinese race” share similar DNA mutations with the peoples of East and Southeast Asia.

This all explains very well why Aboriginal Australians look SO black.

https://www.australasianscience.com.au/article/issue-november-2011/aboriginal-genome-reveals-new-insights-early-humans.html

Despite being Asian, genetically.

Their ancestors evolved on the African continent and were the first modern humans to arrive in Asia, the work confirming they have occupied Australia continuously since that time, perhaps 70,000 years.

“Australians are truly one of the world’s great human populations and a very ancient one at that, with deep connections to the Australian continent and broader Asian region. About this now there can be no dispute.

“The study also confirms controversial claims that the ancestors of all living Eurasians interbred with the Neandertals,

Both Europeans and Asians, we’re distinct races by genetic distance studies.

Eurasian, like Caucasian, is a category error.

Asians also bred with Neanderthals, we knew this.

while past Asians/Oceanians also mated with the mysterious ancient humans from Denisova cave in Siberia. This is clear and independent validation of DNA work on both these extinct humans, confirming their deep connections to Australians and other indigenous people in our region.”

Wow so they’re like the most mixed race, like the race OF mixes.

At least black admixed. Dat Y chromosome, eh?

Back to the Chinese, for fun

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0125676

The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group in the world, and their origins, development, and expansion are complex. Many genetic studies have shown that Han Chinese can be divided into two distinct groups: northern Han Chinese and southern Han Chinese. The genetic history of the southern Han Chinese has been well studied. However, the genetic history of the northern Han Chinese is still obscure. In order to gain insight into the genetic history of the northern Han Chinese, 89 human remains were sampled from the Hengbei site which is located in the Central Plain and dates back to a key transitional period during the rise of the Han Chinese (approximately 3,000 years ago). We used 64 authentic mtDNA data obtained in this study, 27 Y chromosome SNP data profiles from previously studied Hengbei samples, and genetic datasets of the current Chinese populations and two ancient northern Chinese populations to analyze the relationship between the ancient people of Hengbei and present-day northern Han Chinese. We used a wide range of population genetic analyses, including principal component analyses, shared mtDNA haplotype analyses, and geographic mapping of maternal genetic distances. The results show that the ancient people of Hengbei bore a strong genetic resemblance to present-day northern Han Chinese and were genetically distinct from other present-day Chinese populations and two ancient populations. These findings suggest that the genetic structure of northern Han Chinese was already shaped 3,000 years ago in the Central Plain area.

So it’s applicable.

And some Chinese are so mixed they’re distinct from their own ancestors.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC21714/

Despite the fact that the continuity of morphology of fossil specimens of modern humans found in China has repeatedly challenged the Out-of-Africa hypothesis, Chinese populations are underrepresented in genetic studies. Genetic profiles of 28 populations sampled in China supported the distinction between southern and northern populations, while the latter are biphyletic. Linguistic boundaries are often transgressed across language families studied, reflecting substantial gene flow between populations. Nevertheless, genetic evidence does not support an independent origin of Homo sapiens in China. The phylogeny also suggested that it is more likely that ancestors of the populations currently residing in East Asia entered from Southeast Asia.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11253652

East Asia is one of the few regions in the world where a relatively large number of human fossils have been unearthed–a discovery that has been taken as evidence for an independent local origin of modern humans outside of Africa. However, genetic studies conducted in the past ten years, especially using Y chromosomes, have provided unequivocal evidence for an African origin of East Asian populations. The genetic signatures present in diverse East Asian populations mark the footsteps of prehistoric migrations that occurred tens of thousands of years ago.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10577926

The timing and nature of the arrival and the subsequent expansion of modern humans into eastern Asia remains controversial. Using Y-chromosome biallelic markers, we investigated the ancient human-migration patterns in eastern Asia. Our data indicate that southern populations in eastern Asia are much more polymorphic than northern populations, which have only a subset of the southern haplotypes. This pattern indicates that the first settlement of modern humans in eastern Asia occurred in mainland Southeast Asia during the last Ice Age, coinciding with the absence of human fossils in eastern Asia, 50,000-100,000 years ago. After the initial peopling, a great northward migration extended into northern China and Siberia.

2010:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20448651

Global distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroup C reveals the prehistoric migration routes of African exodus and early settlement in East Asia.

The regional distribution of an ancient Y-chromosome haplogroup C-M130 (Hg C) in Asia provides an ideal tool of dissecting prehistoric migration events. We identified 465 Hg C individuals out of 4284 males from 140 East and Southeast Asian populations. We genotyped these Hg C individuals using 12 Y-chromosome biallelic markers and 8 commonly used Y-short tandem repeats (Y-STRs), and performed phylogeographic analysis in combination with the published data. The results show that most of the Hg C subhaplogroups have distinct geographical distribution and have undergone long-time isolation, although Hg C individuals are distributed widely across Eurasia. Furthermore, a general south-to-north and east-to-west cline of Y-STR diversity is observed with the highest diversity in Southeast Asia. The phylogeographic distribution pattern of Hg C supports a single coastal ‘Out-of-Africa’ route by way of the Indian subcontinent, which eventually led to the early settlement of modern humans in mainland Southeast Asia. The northward expansion of Hg C in East Asia started approximately 40 thousand of years ago (KYA) along the coastline of mainland China and reached Siberia approximately 15 KYA and finally made its way to the Americas.

That’s how your so-called Natives were made, so …technically, blacks were there first?

Since Asians can be traced to Africa.

2013:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23840409

Genetic evidence of an East Asian origin and paleolithic northward migration of Y-chromosome haplogroup N.

The Y-chromosome haplogroup N-M231 (Hg N) is distributed widely in eastern and central Asia, Siberia, as well as in eastern and northern Europe. Previous studies suggested a counterclockwise prehistoric migration of Hg N from eastern Asia to eastern and northern Europe. However, the root of this Y chromosome lineage and its detailed dispersal pattern across eastern Asia are still unclear. We analyzed haplogroup profiles and phylogeographic patterns of 1,570 Hg N individuals from 20,826 males in 359 populations across Eurasia. We first genotyped 6,371 males from 169 populations in China and Cambodia, and generated data of 360 Hg N individuals, and then combined published data on 1,210 Hg N individuals from Japanese, Southeast Asian, Siberian, European and Central Asian populations. The results showed that the sub-haplogroups of Hg N have a distinct geographical distribution. The highest Y-STR diversity of the ancestral Hg N sub-haplogroups was observed in the southern part of mainland East Asia, and further phylogeographic analyses supports an origin of Hg N in southern China. Combined with previous data, we propose that the early northward dispersal of Hg N started from southern China about 21 thousand years ago (kya), expanding into northern China 12-18 kya, and reaching further north to Siberia about 12-14 kya before a population expansion and westward migration into Central Asia and eastern/northern Europe around 8.0-10.0 kya. This northward migration of Hg N likewise coincides with retreating ice sheets after the Last Glacial Maximum (22-18 kya) in mainland East Asia.

Very very mixed.

So China relates to East Asia discussions.

They moved up and into Europe, like they’re trying to do now. To be pushed back, again.

At least we didn’t have the African result like they do.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20178766

The human genetic history of East Asia: weaving a complex tapestry.

East Asia encompasses a wide variety of environments, peoples, cultures and languages. Although this review focuses on East Asia, no geographic region can be considered in isolation in terms of human population history, and migrations to and from East Asia have had a major impact. Here, we review the following topics: the initial colonization of East Asia, the direction of migrations between southeast Asia and northern Asia, the genetic relationships of East Asian hunter-gatherers and the genetic impact of various social practices on East Asian populations. By necessity we focus on insights derived from mitochondrial DNA and/or Y-chromosome data; ongoing and future studies of genome-wide SNP or multi-locus re-sequencing data, combined with the use of simulation, model-based methods to infer demographic parameters, will undoubtedly provide additional insights into the population history of East Asia.

They’re mixed but must avoid ‘hurt feelings’.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20178765

South Asia–comprising India, Pakistan, countries in the sub-Himalayan region and Myanmar–was one of the first geographical regions to have been peopled by modern humans. This region has served as a major route of dispersal to other geographical regions, including southeast Asia. The Indian society comprises tribal, ranked caste, and other populations that are largely endogamous. As a result of evolutionary antiquity and endogamy, populations of India show high genetic differentiation and extensive structuring.

aka outbreeding depression

Linguistic differences of populations provide the best explanation of genetic differences observed in this region of the world.

No, they don’t.

Within India, consistent with social history, extant populations inhabiting northern regions show closer affinities with Indo-European speaking populations of central Asia that those inhabiting southern regions. Extant southern Indian populations may have been derived from early colonizers arriving from Africa along the southern exit route. The higher-ranked caste populations, who were the torch-bearers of Hindu rituals, show closer affinities with central Asian, Indo-European speaking, populations.

Indo-European only refers to a language, stop.

Still not European, let alone isolated Anglo. Stop.

2018:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30369466

East Asia is widely concerned as one of the important places for the dispersal and evolution of the Anatomically Modern Human (AMH). How the diverse ethnic groups in East Asia originated and diversified is also widely focused by different disciplines of Anthropology. The adoption of genetic data had provided new clues for reconstructing the genetic history of East Asian populations. Genetic studies supported the hypothesis that the AMHs originated from Africa’s Homo sapiens at about 200 kilo years ago (kya) and then migrated out of Africa at ~100 kya, followed by expansions into the whole East Asia since their arrival in Southern East Asia at 5~6 kya along the coastal route.

Early Homo Sapiens might have genetic contribution to the non-African AMHs. Early settlement, cultural assimilation, population migration and genetic exchanges are crucial in the origination and evolution of East Asia populations. Previous studies made detailed analysis for the genetic history of East Asian populations, which largely resolved the longstanding divergence between archaeology and history. However, this needs further verification by whole-genome sequencing and ancient DNA studies. Here we briefly reviewed the progresses of genetic studies in exploring the population origin, dispersal and diversification in East Asia, which improved understanding of the evolution of East Asian populations. We also prospected the future of genetic studies in revealing the prehistory of East Asians.

2018:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29921229

BACKGROUND:

The main unequivocal conclusion after three decades of phylogeographic mtDNA studies is the African origin of all extant modern humans.

This is a study about Asians. No.

Title: Carriers of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup L3 basal lineages migrated back to Africa from Asia around 70,000 years ago.

Stay in your lane.

In addition, a southern coastal route has been argued for to explain the Eurasian colonization of these African pioneers.

new term for rapist, exotic

Based on the age of macrohaplogroup L3, from which all maternal Eurasian and the majority of African lineages originated,

doesn’t make sense, if ALL humans are from them, ALL humans would have that…

the out-of-Africa event has been dated around 60-70 kya. On the opposite side, we have proposed a northern route through Central Asia across the Levant for that expansion and, consistent with the fossil record, we have dated it around 125 kya. To help bridge differences between the molecular and fossil record ages, in this article we assess the possibility that mtDNA macrohaplogroup L3 matured in Eurasia and returned to Africa as basal L3 lineages around 70 kya.

So you’re comparing Asian fossils to African DNA, nothing to do with Europeans.

RESULTS:

The coalescence ages of all Eurasian (M,N) and African (L3 ) lineages, both around 71 kya, are not significantly different.

Different enough to call different.

The oldest M and N Eurasian clades are found in southeastern Asia instead near of Africa as expected by the southern route hypothesis. The split of the Y-chromosome composite DE haplogroup is very similar to the age of mtDNA L3. An Eurasian origin and back migration to Africa has been proposed for the African Y-chromosome haplogroup E. Inside Africa, frequency distributions of maternal L3 and paternal E lineages are positively correlated. This correlation is not fully explained by geographic or ethnic affinities. This correlation rather seems to be the result of a joint and global replacement of the old autochthonous male and female African lineages by the new Eurasian incomers.

See pictures above.

The reservation “Americans”, genetic Asians were also well known for gang rape up until the 19th century, even of little girls.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results are congruent with a model proposing an out-of-Africa migration into Asia, following a northern route, of early anatomically modern humans carrying pre-L3 mtDNA lineages around 125 kya, subsequent diversification of pre-L3 into the basal lineages of L3, a return to Africa of Eurasian fully modern humans around 70 kya carrying the basal L3 lineages and the subsequent diversification of Eurasian-remaining L3 lineages into the M and N lineages in the outside-of-Africa context, and a second Eurasian global expansion by 60 kya, most probably, out of southeast Asia. Climatic conditions and the presence of Neanderthals and other hominins might have played significant roles in these human movements. Moreover, recent studies based on ancient DNA and whole-genome sequencing are also compatible with this hypothesis.

So more using the Eur- of Eurasian without a shred of proof to include white people.

Still, the HBD lot should eat this up.

https://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com/2013/12/ancient-east-asian-y-dna-maps.html