Women evolved for higher body fat percentages

obvious study is obvious

even in male mice, the estrogen that gives them fat also has a protective effect

https://www.nature.com/articles/ijo2015102

stop acting like estrogen is a poison when it actually protects your body and makes your brain stress-resistant

Although the prevalence of obesity is higher among women than men, they are somewhat protected from the associated cardiometabolic consequences.

It’s easier to get a higher % when you already have a higher %. There are some of the hottest women alive under the carb loading fatties, sadly. Their natural curves predispose them to obesity.

Bring back keto!

The increase in cardiovascular disease risk seen after the menopause suggests a role for estrogens. There is also growing evidence for the importance of estrogen on body fat and metabolism in males. We hypothesized that that estrogen administration would ameliorate the adverse effects of obesity on metabolic parameters in males.

Having high T, lower E in a man can make fat more stubborn, the E cannot signal properly to clear it.

Thus, DIO induces sex-specific changes in glucose–insulin homeostasis, which are ameliorated in males treated with estrogen, highlighting the importance of sex steroids in metabolism. Given that altered peripheral glucocorticoid metabolism has been observed in rodent and human obesity, our results also suggest that sexually dimorphic expression and activity of glucocorticoid metabolizing enzymes may have a role in the differential metabolic responses to obesity in males and females.

So fatter women are healthier than fatter men. This makes sense because of baby weight. Women can lose it breastfeeding, that’s why we get it.

Plus we are naturally fatter. To grow the baby in the first place.

Obese for men is average for women.

General estimate, also varies by race.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23460719

Estrogens play a fundamental role in the physiology of the reproductive, cardiovascular, skeletal, and central nervous systems. In this report, we review the literature in both rodents and humans on the role of estrogens and their receptors in the control of energy homeostasis and glucose metabolism in health and metabolic diseases. Estrogen actions in hypothalamic nuclei differentially control food intake, energy expenditure, and white adipose tissue distribution.

brain stuff = bitch tits

fat boys could be ruined for life, the developmental windows have closed

they may respond like girls medically, forever

Estrogen actions in skeletal muscle, liver, adipose tissue, and immune cells are involved in insulin sensitivity as well as prevention of lipid accumulation and inflammation. Estrogen actions in pancreatic islet β-cells also regulate insulin secretion, nutrient homeostasis, and survival. Estrogen deficiency promotes metabolic dysfunction predisposing to obesity, the metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes. We also discuss the effect of selective estrogen receptor modulators on metabolic disorders.

I hope the fat acceptance lot don’t find this.

But not all fat is bad, especially evolved fat on women.

It makes WOMEN healthier, but never men. Classic sex differences. Women have curves.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25109846

Adipose tissue is an organ with active endocrine function involved in the regulation of energy balance and glucose homeostasis via multiple metabolic signaling pathways targeting the brain, liver, skeletal muscle, pancreas, and other organs. There is increasing evidence demonstrating that the female sex hormone, estrogen, regulates adipose development and improves systemic glucose homeostasis in both males and females. The underlying mechanism linking estrogenic regulation in adipose tissue and systemic glucose metabolism has not been fully elucidated, but is thought to include interactions of estrogen receptor signaling events involving lipolytic and/or lipogenic enzyme activity, free fatty acid metabolism, and adipocytokine production. Thus, understanding the effects of estrogen replacement on adipose tissue biology and metabolism is important in determining the risk of developing obesity-related metabolic disorders in patients undergoing treatment for sex hormone deficiency. In this report, we review literature regarding the role of estrogens and their corresponding receptors in the control of adipose metabolism and glucose homeostasis in both rodents and humans. We also discuss the effects of selective estrogen receptor modulators on glucose metabolism.

Fat is a more active organ in women.

Men taking T can have heart risks and metabolic issues, regardless of weight.

https://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/25/3/500

The data suggest that estrogen use in American Indian postmenopausal women may relate to deterioration of glucose tolerance. Longer duration of estrogen use among current users may relate to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes.

wouldn’t the pill do the same? is that why young women are obese with diabetes now?

https://healthfully.com/range-normal-estrogen-levels-5531159.html

Normal Levels

The normal range of estrogen varies depending upon the patient’s age. Typically a women aged 20 to 29 will have an average level of 149 pg/ml (pictograms per milliliter). A female aged 30 to 39 will average a level of 210 pg/ml. And those over 40 but not in menopause will have an average level of 152 pg/ml. These average levels can vary day to day depending on each female’s menstrual cycle.

Yes, female estrogen peaks in the 30s.

The pedophiles like to try and bury that blood test fact by claiming nonsense about teens.

Stress also can contribute to a high estrogen level. 

https://healthfully.com/insulin-resistance-estrogen-6773401.html

According to a 2007 study in Endocrine Reviews, estrogen deficiency may also cause inflammation, which can also impair insulin action 11

This is a verified and trusted source

Endocrine Reviews:The Complex Role of Estrogens in Inflammation: Rainer H. Straub: (2007)

Goto Source

.According to a 2016 study in the Macedonian Journal of Medical Science, HRT could help treat insulin resistance due to low estrogen levels, although more research is needed before HRT can be said to effectively treat insulin resistance in women with low estrogen levels 13

This is a verified and trusted source

Diabetes.co.uk:Insulin Resistance

Goto Source

.are they suggesting fat people need more estrogen?

Signs of Insulin Resistance

According to Diabetes.co.uk, the signs of insulin resistance can include excessive fatigue, hunger, difficulty concentrating and weight gain

. Low estrogen levels may be associated with insulin resistance, which is also more likely to occur if you have gained excess weight or tend to carry fat in the belly area .

Diabetes.co.uk also states that insulin resistance can be improved by doing things like eating less carbohydrates, reducing calories, getting more exercise, reducing stress or even having weight loss surgery 13

.

symptom is hunger, treatment is eating less

WTF women need to know this, we’re not actually hungry

women are told when we’re hungry to eat or we’ll pass out

Fat acceptance has warped UK kids’ perceptions of health and normality

http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/vaop/naam/abs/ijo2015126a.html

Conclusions

Overestimation of body weight among normal-weight adolescents is relatively uncommon; potentially a cause for celebration. However, almost half of boys and a third of girls with a BMI placing them in the overweight or obese BMI range perceived themselves to be about the right weight. Lack of awareness of excess weight among overweight and obese adolescents could be cause for concern.

It’s an open article in proof stage, you can read the whole thing: http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/vaop/naam/pdf/ijo2015126a.pdf
TLDR: The fat kids thought they were normal, even too light, because fat acceptance.

It mentions ‘size acceptance’ once as a contradictory factor from healthy lifestyle programmes, chickening out in the Introduction, and keeps bringing up eating disorders unnecessarily, but it’s there, and fat boys are far more likely to think they’re normal.

What do these fat acceptance groups mean for fashion?

Not much.
Practically nothing.

It’s a business.
They do whatever sells. Therefore, most of what they sell is silly.  Expensive novelty.

http://www.thestylecon.com/2013/11/04/karl-lagerfeld-fight-aesthetics/

And so, although the “beautiful, curvy, sexy, and I am ok with it” group is a noble cause, it is a bit of a hyperbole for them to state that Lagerfeld’s comments as being damaging to children and therefore worthy of a lawsuit. It is akin to art teachers protesting to teaching their students about Leonardo de Vinci, Picasso, and Monet as their oeuvre is unattainable to the average art student. Such a statement would be instantly labeled as ridiculous, but it serves to showcase how we as a society have become overly indulgent and sensitive to other people’s feelings.

clapping well done you tony

The seemingly unattainable model dimensions — nearly six feet tall and possessing a 32”-24”-32” body — are the perfect form to highlight contemporary clothes in the best possible light with regards to how society as a whole sees perfection. Modeling isn’t about the person in the clothes, rather it is about the clothes itself, how it moves on the body, how the design sparks desire in the viewer so that she wants/needs this item immediately. A girl who has an eating disorder as a result of seeing a skinny model on the runway or in a magazine has less to do with the image itself and more to do with her mental state and societal values.

burn gif

It’s time that we as a society accept that the industry is not going to change any time soon, especially when the almighty dollar is at stake. There is a place for big, beautiful, and bodacious women to be fashionable, and any move on the part of plus-size designers to make their clothes more flattering and stylish is commendable. But to try to change the industry itself with pithy lawsuits against unrepentant jerks a la Lagerfeld is but a futile effort.

Burn it down.