East Asian are African mongrels

No, literally.
Historically they didn’t exist until recently, in the archaeological record. Recent colonialism also mingled some Euro DNA into Indians to make obvious castes but this isn’t about that, it’s about East Asians specifically and WAY before that.
They’re Mongoloid-Negroid half-breeds.
Literally. They’re the first mixed race.

I’m not kidding. Just East Asians and like I said before, the morphological similarities bear this out.

Read it and weep.

https://science.sciencemag.org/content/292/5519/1151.full

Stronger jaws, larger head overall in size and lower national IQs, huge lips.

Okay, you argue, but how do we know they actually interbred? And this wasn’t some labeling error or mistake?? Wouldn’t there be modern Africans who look Asian too? Interbreeding goes both ways, after all.

Yes, there would. Again, plenty of morphological similarities.

That’s an African girl.

Tell me there was no inter-breeding.

African.

African.

African.

African.

African.

African.

Asian, just to throw you off. Note the nose.

Large mouth, pronounced raised brow, pronounced nostrils, broad jaw.

The Asian one, large mouth, pronounced nostrils, raised brow, broad jaw.

I saw it before but didn’t realize we had genetic proof.

The broad flat nose with flared nostrils with characteristic dip between the eyes plus forehead bulge ALL pinged to me as African.

The profile is very African, mathematically. In profile many of the blacker ones have a very curved forehead in profile.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/11988682_African_Origin_of_Modern_Humans_in_East_Asia_A_Tale_of_12000_Y_Chromosomes

To test the hypotheses of modern human origin in East Asia,

because it isn’t ancient, archaeologically

we sampled 12,127 male individuals from 163 populations and typed for three Y chromosome biallelic markers (YAP, M89, and M130). All the individuals carried a mutation at one of the three sites. These three mutations (YAP+, M89T, and M130T) coalesce to another mutation (M168T), which originated in Africa about 35,000 to 89,000 years ago. Therefore, the data do not support even a minimal in situ hominid contribution in the origin of anatomically modern humans in East Asia.

A lot of weebs are gonna be pissed.

And to study the men… so that’s an African man chromosome in your waifu, she been blacked centuries ago!

http://en.lisapoyakama.org/the-first-inhabitants-of-asia-were-black/

Apparently Canaanites were black!

Well, if you’re sure!

They also have photos of black Asians a century ago, in case anyone wonders about more recent mixture tainting findings.

Read top study here:

https://www.academia.edu/12954794/African_Origin_of_Modern_Humans_in_East_Asia_A_Tale_of_12_000_Y_Chromosomes

To test the hypotheses of modern human origin in East Asia, we sampled 12,127 male individuals from 163 populations and typed for three Y chromosome biallelic markers (YAP, M89, and M130). All the individuals carried a mutation at one of the three sites. These three mutations (YAP, M89T, and M130T) coalesce to another mutation (M168T), which originated in Africa about 35,000 to 89,000 years ago. 

Reference:

http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001Sci…292.1151K

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/front/archives/2005/05/12/2003254307

An international study has found that the Chinese people originated not from “Peking Man” in northern China, but from early humans in East Africa who moved through South Asia to China some 100,000 years ago,

Based on DNA analyses of 100,000 samples gathered from around the world, a number of human families evolved in East Africa some 150,000 years ago, said Li Hui (李輝), a member of Jin’s team.

About 100,000 years ago, some of those humans began to leave Africa, with some people moving to China via South and Southeast Asia, Li said.

According to the newspaper article, it has been proven that the “65 branches of the Chinese race” share similar DNA mutations with the peoples of East and Southeast Asia.

This all explains very well why Aboriginal Australians look SO black.

https://www.australasianscience.com.au/article/issue-november-2011/aboriginal-genome-reveals-new-insights-early-humans.html

Despite being Asian, genetically.

Their ancestors evolved on the African continent and were the first modern humans to arrive in Asia, the work confirming they have occupied Australia continuously since that time, perhaps 70,000 years.

“Australians are truly one of the world’s great human populations and a very ancient one at that, with deep connections to the Australian continent and broader Asian region. About this now there can be no dispute.

“The study also confirms controversial claims that the ancestors of all living Eurasians interbred with the Neandertals,

Both Europeans and Asians, we’re distinct races by genetic distance studies.

Eurasian, like Caucasian, is a category error.

Asians also bred with Neanderthals, we knew this.

while past Asians/Oceanians also mated with the mysterious ancient humans from Denisova cave in Siberia. This is clear and independent validation of DNA work on both these extinct humans, confirming their deep connections to Australians and other indigenous people in our region.”

Wow so they’re like the most mixed race, like the race OF mixes.

At least black admixed. Dat Y chromosome, eh?

Back to the Chinese, for fun

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0125676

The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group in the world, and their origins, development, and expansion are complex. Many genetic studies have shown that Han Chinese can be divided into two distinct groups: northern Han Chinese and southern Han Chinese. The genetic history of the southern Han Chinese has been well studied. However, the genetic history of the northern Han Chinese is still obscure. In order to gain insight into the genetic history of the northern Han Chinese, 89 human remains were sampled from the Hengbei site which is located in the Central Plain and dates back to a key transitional period during the rise of the Han Chinese (approximately 3,000 years ago). We used 64 authentic mtDNA data obtained in this study, 27 Y chromosome SNP data profiles from previously studied Hengbei samples, and genetic datasets of the current Chinese populations and two ancient northern Chinese populations to analyze the relationship between the ancient people of Hengbei and present-day northern Han Chinese. We used a wide range of population genetic analyses, including principal component analyses, shared mtDNA haplotype analyses, and geographic mapping of maternal genetic distances. The results show that the ancient people of Hengbei bore a strong genetic resemblance to present-day northern Han Chinese and were genetically distinct from other present-day Chinese populations and two ancient populations. These findings suggest that the genetic structure of northern Han Chinese was already shaped 3,000 years ago in the Central Plain area.

So it’s applicable.

And some Chinese are so mixed they’re distinct from their own ancestors.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC21714/

Despite the fact that the continuity of morphology of fossil specimens of modern humans found in China has repeatedly challenged the Out-of-Africa hypothesis, Chinese populations are underrepresented in genetic studies. Genetic profiles of 28 populations sampled in China supported the distinction between southern and northern populations, while the latter are biphyletic. Linguistic boundaries are often transgressed across language families studied, reflecting substantial gene flow between populations. Nevertheless, genetic evidence does not support an independent origin of Homo sapiens in China. The phylogeny also suggested that it is more likely that ancestors of the populations currently residing in East Asia entered from Southeast Asia.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11253652

East Asia is one of the few regions in the world where a relatively large number of human fossils have been unearthed–a discovery that has been taken as evidence for an independent local origin of modern humans outside of Africa. However, genetic studies conducted in the past ten years, especially using Y chromosomes, have provided unequivocal evidence for an African origin of East Asian populations. The genetic signatures present in diverse East Asian populations mark the footsteps of prehistoric migrations that occurred tens of thousands of years ago.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10577926

The timing and nature of the arrival and the subsequent expansion of modern humans into eastern Asia remains controversial. Using Y-chromosome biallelic markers, we investigated the ancient human-migration patterns in eastern Asia. Our data indicate that southern populations in eastern Asia are much more polymorphic than northern populations, which have only a subset of the southern haplotypes. This pattern indicates that the first settlement of modern humans in eastern Asia occurred in mainland Southeast Asia during the last Ice Age, coinciding with the absence of human fossils in eastern Asia, 50,000-100,000 years ago. After the initial peopling, a great northward migration extended into northern China and Siberia.

2010:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20448651

Global distribution of Y-chromosome haplogroup C reveals the prehistoric migration routes of African exodus and early settlement in East Asia.

The regional distribution of an ancient Y-chromosome haplogroup C-M130 (Hg C) in Asia provides an ideal tool of dissecting prehistoric migration events. We identified 465 Hg C individuals out of 4284 males from 140 East and Southeast Asian populations. We genotyped these Hg C individuals using 12 Y-chromosome biallelic markers and 8 commonly used Y-short tandem repeats (Y-STRs), and performed phylogeographic analysis in combination with the published data. The results show that most of the Hg C subhaplogroups have distinct geographical distribution and have undergone long-time isolation, although Hg C individuals are distributed widely across Eurasia. Furthermore, a general south-to-north and east-to-west cline of Y-STR diversity is observed with the highest diversity in Southeast Asia. The phylogeographic distribution pattern of Hg C supports a single coastal ‘Out-of-Africa’ route by way of the Indian subcontinent, which eventually led to the early settlement of modern humans in mainland Southeast Asia. The northward expansion of Hg C in East Asia started approximately 40 thousand of years ago (KYA) along the coastline of mainland China and reached Siberia approximately 15 KYA and finally made its way to the Americas.

That’s how your so-called Natives were made, so …technically, blacks were there first?

Since Asians can be traced to Africa.

2013:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23840409

Genetic evidence of an East Asian origin and paleolithic northward migration of Y-chromosome haplogroup N.

The Y-chromosome haplogroup N-M231 (Hg N) is distributed widely in eastern and central Asia, Siberia, as well as in eastern and northern Europe. Previous studies suggested a counterclockwise prehistoric migration of Hg N from eastern Asia to eastern and northern Europe. However, the root of this Y chromosome lineage and its detailed dispersal pattern across eastern Asia are still unclear. We analyzed haplogroup profiles and phylogeographic patterns of 1,570 Hg N individuals from 20,826 males in 359 populations across Eurasia. We first genotyped 6,371 males from 169 populations in China and Cambodia, and generated data of 360 Hg N individuals, and then combined published data on 1,210 Hg N individuals from Japanese, Southeast Asian, Siberian, European and Central Asian populations. The results showed that the sub-haplogroups of Hg N have a distinct geographical distribution. The highest Y-STR diversity of the ancestral Hg N sub-haplogroups was observed in the southern part of mainland East Asia, and further phylogeographic analyses supports an origin of Hg N in southern China. Combined with previous data, we propose that the early northward dispersal of Hg N started from southern China about 21 thousand years ago (kya), expanding into northern China 12-18 kya, and reaching further north to Siberia about 12-14 kya before a population expansion and westward migration into Central Asia and eastern/northern Europe around 8.0-10.0 kya. This northward migration of Hg N likewise coincides with retreating ice sheets after the Last Glacial Maximum (22-18 kya) in mainland East Asia.

Very very mixed.

So China relates to East Asia discussions.

They moved up and into Europe, like they’re trying to do now. To be pushed back, again.

At least we didn’t have the African result like they do.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20178766

The human genetic history of East Asia: weaving a complex tapestry.

East Asia encompasses a wide variety of environments, peoples, cultures and languages. Although this review focuses on East Asia, no geographic region can be considered in isolation in terms of human population history, and migrations to and from East Asia have had a major impact. Here, we review the following topics: the initial colonization of East Asia, the direction of migrations between southeast Asia and northern Asia, the genetic relationships of East Asian hunter-gatherers and the genetic impact of various social practices on East Asian populations. By necessity we focus on insights derived from mitochondrial DNA and/or Y-chromosome data; ongoing and future studies of genome-wide SNP or multi-locus re-sequencing data, combined with the use of simulation, model-based methods to infer demographic parameters, will undoubtedly provide additional insights into the population history of East Asia.

They’re mixed but must avoid ‘hurt feelings’.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20178765

South Asia–comprising India, Pakistan, countries in the sub-Himalayan region and Myanmar–was one of the first geographical regions to have been peopled by modern humans. This region has served as a major route of dispersal to other geographical regions, including southeast Asia. The Indian society comprises tribal, ranked caste, and other populations that are largely endogamous. As a result of evolutionary antiquity and endogamy, populations of India show high genetic differentiation and extensive structuring.

aka outbreeding depression

Linguistic differences of populations provide the best explanation of genetic differences observed in this region of the world.

No, they don’t.

Within India, consistent with social history, extant populations inhabiting northern regions show closer affinities with Indo-European speaking populations of central Asia that those inhabiting southern regions. Extant southern Indian populations may have been derived from early colonizers arriving from Africa along the southern exit route. The higher-ranked caste populations, who were the torch-bearers of Hindu rituals, show closer affinities with central Asian, Indo-European speaking, populations.

Indo-European only refers to a language, stop.

Still not European, let alone isolated Anglo. Stop.

2018:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30369466

East Asia is widely concerned as one of the important places for the dispersal and evolution of the Anatomically Modern Human (AMH). How the diverse ethnic groups in East Asia originated and diversified is also widely focused by different disciplines of Anthropology. The adoption of genetic data had provided new clues for reconstructing the genetic history of East Asian populations. Genetic studies supported the hypothesis that the AMHs originated from Africa’s Homo sapiens at about 200 kilo years ago (kya) and then migrated out of Africa at ~100 kya, followed by expansions into the whole East Asia since their arrival in Southern East Asia at 5~6 kya along the coastal route.

Early Homo Sapiens might have genetic contribution to the non-African AMHs. Early settlement, cultural assimilation, population migration and genetic exchanges are crucial in the origination and evolution of East Asia populations. Previous studies made detailed analysis for the genetic history of East Asian populations, which largely resolved the longstanding divergence between archaeology and history. However, this needs further verification by whole-genome sequencing and ancient DNA studies. Here we briefly reviewed the progresses of genetic studies in exploring the population origin, dispersal and diversification in East Asia, which improved understanding of the evolution of East Asian populations. We also prospected the future of genetic studies in revealing the prehistory of East Asians.

2018:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29921229

BACKGROUND:

The main unequivocal conclusion after three decades of phylogeographic mtDNA studies is the African origin of all extant modern humans.

This is a study about Asians. No.

Title: Carriers of mitochondrial DNA macrohaplogroup L3 basal lineages migrated back to Africa from Asia around 70,000 years ago.

Stay in your lane.

In addition, a southern coastal route has been argued for to explain the Eurasian colonization of these African pioneers.

new term for rapist, exotic

Based on the age of macrohaplogroup L3, from which all maternal Eurasian and the majority of African lineages originated,

doesn’t make sense, if ALL humans are from them, ALL humans would have that…

the out-of-Africa event has been dated around 60-70 kya. On the opposite side, we have proposed a northern route through Central Asia across the Levant for that expansion and, consistent with the fossil record, we have dated it around 125 kya. To help bridge differences between the molecular and fossil record ages, in this article we assess the possibility that mtDNA macrohaplogroup L3 matured in Eurasia and returned to Africa as basal L3 lineages around 70 kya.

So you’re comparing Asian fossils to African DNA, nothing to do with Europeans.

RESULTS:

The coalescence ages of all Eurasian (M,N) and African (L3 ) lineages, both around 71 kya, are not significantly different.

Different enough to call different.

The oldest M and N Eurasian clades are found in southeastern Asia instead near of Africa as expected by the southern route hypothesis. The split of the Y-chromosome composite DE haplogroup is very similar to the age of mtDNA L3. An Eurasian origin and back migration to Africa has been proposed for the African Y-chromosome haplogroup E. Inside Africa, frequency distributions of maternal L3 and paternal E lineages are positively correlated. This correlation is not fully explained by geographic or ethnic affinities. This correlation rather seems to be the result of a joint and global replacement of the old autochthonous male and female African lineages by the new Eurasian incomers.

See pictures above.

The reservation “Americans”, genetic Asians were also well known for gang rape up until the 19th century, even of little girls.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results are congruent with a model proposing an out-of-Africa migration into Asia, following a northern route, of early anatomically modern humans carrying pre-L3 mtDNA lineages around 125 kya, subsequent diversification of pre-L3 into the basal lineages of L3, a return to Africa of Eurasian fully modern humans around 70 kya carrying the basal L3 lineages and the subsequent diversification of Eurasian-remaining L3 lineages into the M and N lineages in the outside-of-Africa context, and a second Eurasian global expansion by 60 kya, most probably, out of southeast Asia. Climatic conditions and the presence of Neanderthals and other hominins might have played significant roles in these human movements. Moreover, recent studies based on ancient DNA and whole-genome sequencing are also compatible with this hypothesis.

So more using the Eur- of Eurasian without a shred of proof to include white people.

Still, the HBD lot should eat this up.

https://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com/2013/12/ancient-east-asian-y-dna-maps.html

Whites were the original Native Americans (Clovis people)

Solutrean hypothesis. [Aside from small bands of Viking later on].

https://www.thoughtco.com/solutrean-clovis-connection-american-colonization-172667

“The Solutrean-Clovis connection (more formally known as the “North Atlantic Ice-Edge Corridor Hypothesis”) is one theory of the peopling of the American continents that suggest that the Upper Paleolithic Solutrean culture is ancestral to Clovis. This idea has its roots in the 19th-century when archaeologists such as CC Abbott postulated that the Americas had been colonized by Paleolithic Europeans. After the Radiocarbon Revolution, however, this idea fell into disuse, only to be revived in the late 1990s by American archaeologists Bruce Bradley and Dennis Stanford.

Time of academic standards and real proofs.

Radiocarbon is bullshit and everyone knows it. The hard limit is a thousand years or two.

Radiocarbon Dating Becoming Unreliable

https://carm.org/carbon-dating

“I asked several people who know about this field. Their responses are numbered below.

(1.) C14 dating is very accurate for wood used up to about 4,000 years ago.  This is only because it is well calibrated with objects of known age. ”

And that’s wood, DNA dies faster but thankfully, we have skeletal forensics.

Their supposed and awfully convenient Asian DNA/Clovis finding was based on, you guessed it, radiocarbon data.
https://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/02/140212-anzik-skeleton-dna-montana-clovis-culture-first-americans/
Plus a hefty pinch of BS.
“Only 1 to 2 percent of the collected DNA was human,” Willerslev said. “The rest of it came from bacteria that invaded the skeleton after death.” “Comparison studies of the ancient DNA showed that it was similar to the genomes of ancient people living in Siberia and the ancestors of East Asians.”
– Siberia is European, racially, especially at that time. So they didn’t actually disprove Solutrean whatsoever.
You also cannot compare 1% of an ancient child’s skull shavings, tops, with modern 100% human DNA.
ANY modern human. It’s well within error range for a racial study. Hypothetically, however….
If they were Asian, they’d be comparable with modern Asians including those living American tribes, not ambiguous and long-dead ‘ancestors’ of certain Asians. AKA they’re (Clovis) not actually related to the modern tribes at all claiming the name ‘Native American’, by their own admission. What does ancestors mean? Could be bloody African for all we know, because they do not explain. Could be an amoeba. Literally.

And why would they genocide their own relatives? Think.

More on Solutrean:

Bradley and Stanford argued that at the time of the Last Glacial Maximum, ca 25,000–15,000 radiocarbon years ago, the Iberian peninsula of Europe became a steppe-tundra environment, forcing Solutrean populations to the coasts. Maritime hunters then traveled northward along the ice margin, up the European coast, and around the North Atlantic Sea. Bradley and Stanford pointed out that the perennial Arctic ice at the time could have formed an ice bridge connecting Europe and North America. Ice margins have intense biological productivity and would have provided a robust source of food and other resources….”

Migration proof, timing, ecosystem, food supply. All in keeping with Darwinism.

In line with other intellectually honest, more recent info e.g. A Troublesome Inheritance.

Cue bullshit cover-up.

“Evidence supporting the Solutrean theory of Clovis colonization includes two artifacts—a bi-pointed stone blade and mammoth bone—which are said to have been dredged from the eastern American continental shelf in 1970 by the scalloping boat Cin-Mar. These artifacts found their way into a museum, and the bone was subsequently dated to 22,760 RCYBP. However, according to research published by Eren and colleagues in 2015, the context for this important set of artifacts is completely missing: without a firm context, archaeological evidence is not credible.”

It’s negative evidence for the latter Asian hypotheses, you are wrong.

Appeal to credulity, fuck off with your scientism.

No artifact has context because you can’t go back in time and ask them questions, not an argument.

They literally have objects taken from areas of the earth from those time periods, no radiocarbon required.

PROOF:

One piece of supporting evidence cited in Stanford and Bradley’s 2012 book, ‘Across Atlantic Ice,” is the use of caching. A cache is defined as a tightly clustered deposit of artifacts that containing little or no manufacturing debris or residential debris, artifacts which appear to have been deliberately buried at the same time. For these ancient site types, caches are typically made up of stone or bone/ivory tools.

Ancient preppers, aye.

So you have undisturbed earth, specific cultural objects and known white behaviour.

Stick a fork in it, it’s done.

Bone artifacts are recorded as European and Neanderthal based. They are still used in Europe for leathercraft.

Related reading to Solutrean: https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/new-evidence-suggests-stone-age-hunters-from-europe-discovered-america-7447152.html

“A remarkable series of several dozen European-style stone tools, dating back between 19,000 and 26,000 years, have been discovered at six locations along the US east coast.”

Stanford and Bradley suggest that “only” Clovis (such as Anzick, Colorado and East Wenatchee, Washington) and Solutrean (Volgu, France) societies are known to have cached objects before 13,000 years ago. But there are pre-Clovis caches in Beringia (Old Crow Flats, Alaska, Ushki Lake, Siberia), and pre-Solutrean caches in Europe (Magdalenian Gönnersdorf and Andernach sites in Germany).”

“The most prominent opponent of the Solutrean connection is American anthropologist Lawrence Guy Straus.”
One guy means fuck-all. Whataboutism doesn’t work.

The proof wouldn’t be there if the peoples were not.

Since the discovery of credible Preclovis sites, Bradley and Stanford now argue for a Solutrean origin of Preclovis culture. The diet of Preclovis was definitely more maritime-oriented, and the dates are closer in time to Solutrean by a couple of thousand years—15,000 years ago instead of Clovis’s 11,500, but still short of 22,000. Preclovis stone technology is not the same as Clovis or Solutrean technologies, and the discovery of ivory beveled foreshafts at the Yana RHS site in Western Beringia has further lessened the strength of the technology argument.”

Lessened is not debunked, lessened is your claimed opinion, they just need more data (edit: found, added above). The data they have doesn’t vanish.

Above link up to 26,000 years ago now, guess they found the extra evidence they needed.

“Finally, and perhaps most compellingly, there is a growing body of molecular evidence from modern and ancient indigenous American people indicating that the original population of the Americas have an Asian, and not a European, origin.”

Conflation, intellectual dishonesty, false equivalence.

Er, studying modern people claiming a title means NOTHING to ancient ones. Non sequitur. The modern tribes are Asian based but they’re noticeably not dead under icy layers. It is mathematical certainty the modern Asians in America must’ve killed the ancient Clovis tribes. Genocide.

So there’s no thing as a Native American – that’s still alive.

Latter X2a studies essentially try to prove a negative, therefore impossible, as well as wrong.

Modern tribal Asians in America are also European-Asian mongrels, drawing any conclusions on their DNA is patently false, as it pertains to ancients. Shit in a pool is still shit.

Outside of America, the Clovis child skull study was interpreted correctly:

https://www.spiegel.de/international/dna-analysis-shows-native-americans-had-european-roots-a-954675.html

Now a team of scientists led by the Danish geneticist Eske Willerslev has analyzed the boy’s origins and discovered that he descends from a Siberian tribe with roots tracing back to Europe. Some of the boy’s ancestors are likely even to have lived in present-day Germany.

S I B E R I A N

Krauts are so Asian, aren’t they?

Their findings go even further: More than 80 percent of all native peoples in the Americas — from the Alaska’s Aleuts to the Maya of Yucatan to the Aymaras along the Andes — are descended from Montana boy’s lineage.

Mongrels, discounted. Some of those the product of white female rape. Well documented into the late 19th century.

Last week, the scientists published the results of sequencing the child’s DNA in the scientific journal Nature. Late last year, the same team published the decoded genome of another early human: A juvenile buried near Lake Baikal in Siberia some 24,000 years ago. Their genomes showed surprising ancestral similarities.

That American publications forgot to mention.

Along with the entire Siberian study, really.

Totally forgot.

Not suppressed, no.

Perish the thought.

This earned Willerslev’s team an astounding publishing achievement in just 100 days: The decoding of the genomes of the oldest analyzed members of homo sapiens in both the Old and the New Worlds. This has allowed them to reconstruct the settlement of the Americas via the Beringia land bridge during the ice ages — when what is now the Bering Strait between Russia and Alaska was frozen over — in greater detail than ever before.

specific DNA, mapped migration patterns, items used…. where’s the argument against now?

In the trash, where it belongs.

A third of both juveniles’ DNA can be traced to the earliest European. Physical evidence also supports this European origin: Archeologists discovered 30 ivory pendants at Mal’ta, the Stone Age settlement site near Lake Baikal where the remains were found. The pendants show great similarity to ones found at Hohle Fels cave, an important Paleolithic site in southern Germany’s Swabian Jura mountains.

Germans are the new Asian?

Such genetic analysis of Native American bones is highly controversial. It is a sacrilege to some. Others fear it could link their ancestors to Europeans, as this study has done. 

If you don’t like science, stop taking our antibiotics.

Gathered at the burial site, Willerslev revealed the team’s results: the remains’ age, the boy’s ancestry to native tribes of the Americas and the links to Siberia and Europe. Doyle’s reaction would determine whether or not Willerslev’s study could be published or not because the scientist had promised to destroy it if he didn’t obtain permission.

Quit your bullshit, scientism.

We don’t destroy findings because the non-whites get uppity. They raped enough white women to have that DNA, it means f-all. It doesn’t connect to ancient peoples directly, as the most PC reporters actually admit.

I’ll believe they’re related to whites when they stop taking AA.

http://www.y-str.org/2014/09/clovis-anzick-dna.html

Further reading

New book reveals Ice Age mariners from Europe were America’s first inhabitants

Some of the earliest humans to inhabit America came from Europe according to a new book Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America’s Clovis Culture. The book puts forward a compelling case for people from northern Spain traveling to America by boat, following the edge of a sea ice shelf that connected Europe and America during the last Ice Age, 14,000 to 25,000 years ago."Across Atlantic Ice : The Origin of America's Clovis Culture" Across Atlantic Ice is the result of more than a decade’s research by leading archaeologists Bruce Bradley of the University of Exeter in the United Kingdom, and Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. Through archaeological evidence, they turn the long-held theory of the origins of New World populations on its head. For more than 400 years, it has been claimed that people first entered America from Asia, via a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. We now know that some people did arrive via this route nearly 15,000 years ago, probably by both land and sea. Eighty years ago, stone tools long believed to have been left by the first New World inhabitants were discovered in New Mexico and named Clovis. These distinctive Clovis stone tools are now dated around 12,000 years ago leading to the recognition that people preceded Clovis into the Americas. No Clovis tools have been found in Alaska or Northeast Asia, but are concentrated in the south eastern United States. Groundbreaking discoveries from the east coast of North America are demonstrating that people who are believed to be Clovis ancestors arrived in this area no later than 18,450 years ago and possibly as early as 23,000 years ago, probably in boats from Europe. These early inhabitants made stone tools that differ in significant ways from the earliest stone tools known in Alaska. It now appears that people entering the New World arrived from more than one direction.

In “Across Atlantic Ice,” the authors trace the origins of Clovis culture from the Solutrean people, who occupied northern Spain and France more than 20,000 years ago. They believe that these people went on to populate America’s east coast, eventually spreading at least as far as Venezuela in South America. The link between Clovis and contemporary Native Americans is not yet clear.

Sure it fucking is – there isn’t one.

They’ve looked and found nothing.

Bradley and Stanford do not suggest that the people from Europe were the only ancestors of modern Native Americans.

They’re mixes, duh. Heavily Asian, look at the skulls.

They argue that it is evident that early inhabitants also arrived from Asia, into Alaska, populating America’s western coast.

Afterward.

Their ongoing research suggests that the early history of the continent is far more intriguing than we formerly believed. Some of the archaeological evidence analyzed in the book was recovered from deep in the ocean. When the first people arrived in America, sea levels were nearly 130 meters lower than today. The shore lines of 20,000 years ago, which hold much of the evidence left by these early people, are now under the ocean. This is also the case in Europe.

We now have really solid evidence that people came from Europe to the New World around 20,000 years ago,” Bradley says. “Our findings represent a paradigm shift in the way we think about America’s early history. We are challenging a very deep-seated belief in how the New World was populated. The story is more intriguing and more complicated than we ever have imagined.” “There are more alternatives than we think in archaeology and we need to have imagination and an open mind when we examine evidence to avoid being stuck in orthodoxy,” Stanford adds. “This book is the result of more than a decade’s work, but it is just the beginning of our journey.” Across Atlantic Ice is published by University California Press, Berkeley.–Source University of Exeter

But tongue posture varies by language (or race)

Given the lookism data and non-harmful, non-genetic nature of this, it seems fine.

However, it may only be possible to enhance certain races e.g. NW Europeans and native, dominant speakers of certain languages e.g. English, Old English.

I’m not messing with you. This once.

I haz receipts.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pronunciation_of_English_/r/
Peter Ladefoged wrote: “Many BBC English speakers have the tip of the tongue raised towards the roof of the mouth in the general location of the alveolar ridge, but many American English speakers simply bunch the body of the tongue up so that it is hard to say where the articulation is”.[6]

AHA.

The ‘orthotropic’ principle!

The extension to the IPA recommends the use of the IPA diacritics for “apical” and “centralized”, as in ⟨ɹ̺, ɹ̈⟩, to distinguish apical and domal articulations in transcription. However, this distinction has little or no perceptual consequence, and may vary idiosyncratically between individuals.[7]

Culturally, actually. Close.

How many of these guys with facial issues speak American, not proper English?

Not judging, per se, just ….noticing.

Why are the Brits considered generally better looking than comparable American men?

Could it be that, to us, they sound stupid because, among other things, they sound drunk? They literally sound like they’re slurring.

Again English English is the only real English, tongue posture is immensely important. It would be like using a hammer wrong and wondering why it hurts, this is important. Common Core is opposed to elocution lessons, wonder why.
And reminder, language is genetic in origin.

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3355373/

“Mutation rates are required only for adding a time scale to both trees. Based on the topologies of trees generated from both the genetic and linguistic data, the inference of the parallel evolution of genes and languages in Caucasus is supported, despite controversies about the mutation rates.”

Parallel evolution, you can’t just take another race’s language and expect fluency on par with a genetic native. This might contribute to, say, Africans’ lower tests score, at least a little.

If you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree etc.

The blogs full of historical handsome men leads me to believe Victorian English was particularly good for male facial structure (on women you don’t notice so much)


e.g. the difference to now in

“Flapped” or “Tapped” R: alveolar flap [ɾ] (About this soundlisten) (occurs in Scouse, most Scottish English, some South African, Welsh, conservative Irish and Northern England English, and early twentieth-century Received Pronunciation; not to be confused with flapping of /t/ and /d/)

A lot of Welsh models, almost untouched pristine language rearing, just saying. If a beautiful Welshman moves to America and adopts the accent, over time his facial beauty weakens.

18th and 19th century Americans (listen on youtube) sounded British. Rural British.

This faded out mid-20th century, with the rise of TV monoculture, when the American man’s face seemed to weirdly cave in like a child’s.

Gay men with excellent facial beauty (women admire) also have precise language, old-fashioned dialect. They know, they’re shallow.

How many Hollywood actors are posh?

Schools used to teach elocution. Why no longer? It’s part of speaking a language.

I’ve actually had to tell men that texting over talking will weaken their jaw.

They didn’t know. It’s a MUSCLE.

The digital native Millennials have overall worse jawlines than Gen X. Coincidence?

When old people age, they have fewer people to talk to, speeding up atrophy.

I have met researchers on these disparate topics so can bring you these threads, albeit short of resolution. Research needed, obviously. It is just really interesting. Like, even eating with cutlery made white people have more civilized jaws.

But forcing the proven brain delay of bilinguilism is bad for them, not to mention could be impossible due to differences.

http://www.washington.edu/news/2016/06/13/success-in-second-language-learning-linked-to-genetic-and-brain-measures/

Genetic variations of the COMT gene and a measure of the strength of the brain’s communications network — known as “white matter”— jointly accounted for 46 percent of the reason for why some students performed better than others in the language class.

So girls are better at it.

A waste of a class, must never be compulsory.

But being well-spoken literally makes men hotter to women. We can see it in how their face moves.

How many rappers look like mouth-breathers? [Whites invented rap, called flyting].

Flyting is a ritual, poetic exchange of insults practised mainly between the 5th and 16th centuries. The root is the Old English word flītan meaning quarrel. Examples of flyting are found throughout Norse, Celtic, Anglo-Saxon and Medieval literature involving both historical and mythological figures.

Crushes on matinee idols are not a coincidence. Speech, song, poetry. All of it helps.

Etiquette had benefits. I very much want to benefit from telling men this.

Cellular memory transfer and GMO human babies

https://www.medicaldaily.com/can-organ-transplant-change-recipients-personality-cell-memory-theory-affirms-yes-247498

At the School of Nursing at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu, researchers sought to evaluate whether changes experienced by organ transplant recipients were parallel to the history of the donor. Researchers focused on 10 patients who received a heart transplant and found two to five parallels per patient post-surgery in relation to their donor’s history. The parallels that were observed in the study were changes in food, music, art, sexual, recreational, and career preferences in addition to name associations and sensory experiences. In the study, a patient received a heart transplant from a man who was killed by gunshot to the face, and the organ recipient then reported to have dreams of seeing hot flashes of light directly on his face.

Yet they won’t spring for 3D printing.

Hope the new liver doesn’t turn you gay.

The nurture people can’t really explain this, especially changes in politics.

Either that or the people are literally being haunted. Isn’t organ donation a kinda necromancy, if you think about it?

If it was dead, it is. If it wasn’t, a person was murdered. Either explains the almost haunting plot of these ‘memories’.

https://www.medicaldaily.com/will-genetically-modified-babies-live-shorter-or-longer-lives-436367

artificially breeding twin babies with genes resistant to HIV.

stolen European genes developed with plague resistance?

We already exist.

“Similarly, professors of genetics at Berkeley, Rasmus Nielsen and Xinzhu Wei, have proven that people of British ancestry with the CCR5 mutation have a 21 percent higher risk of dying between the ages 41 and 78. The information was acquired from the U.K. Biobank, a database with genetic informatic on nearly half a million U.K. citizens.”

Removing a gene is not a simple thing, it could be there for important reasons.

It is NOT a code. It’s a living being.

“The scientists are of the view that laws of natural selection intended for human beings to have the gene, since the protein is required for various functional purposes and if it were dangerous, the protein would have been destroyed by evolution naturally.”

White human beings.

“The CCR5-∆32 mutation is found in 11 percent of Northern Europeans and is uncommon in Asians, so unfortunately Jiankui’s genetic alteration has no sample to predict its results. Only time will tell.”

Asia wants to genocide us. The only reason they’d want to steal our genetic advantages. War.

If we’re still alive, why do they need to snip out parts of our DNA now? Why the urgency? White people have a right to our own DNA, exclusively. We evolved that through events like civil wars and the Ice Age, we earned it.

It belongs to us.

Genetic AA wouldn’t even be good for them.

Technically they wouldn’t be Asian anymore but transracial. But we evolve as complete beings for a reason. If you cut and paste, you’ll actually harm the organism. The foreign cells still react to the white DNA. Various disease risks, morons. Ah, but it isn’t about HIV, is it? They suppose a nootropic effect, all these Asian-stealing open borders DNA experiments are about muh IQ. North Europeans are the clue.

But wait, why steal white DNA if, as they claim, they’re already superior?

Cause they lyin’.

Link: mixed race marriage and biological problems

http://sociobiologicalmusings.blogspot.com/2011/10/problems-with-mixed-race-marriages-and.html

Parents do not give equal shares of genes to their child, this is a myth.

The party with more recessive genes e.g. white, will be less than 50% of a genetic parent to their mixed child.

“In evolutionary terms, one could argue that mixed-race marriages are maladaptive in that they reduce a person’s overall genetic fitness – i.e. passing on copies of one’s own genes.  In a multiracial marriage or relationship, one is showing altruism toward a partner who shares fewer genes than a co-ethnic would share.  A parent will also share fewer genes with a multiracial child than with a same-race child.”

Study the in/fertility of the mixed kids, that’s also a doozy.

If it’s well known their organs don’t work properly, that includes the gonads.

Cavalli-Sforza’s team compiled extraordinary tables depicting the “genetic distances” separating 2,000 different racial groups from each other. For example, assume the genetic distance between the English and the Danes is equal to 1.0. Then, Cavalli-Sforza has found, the separation between the English and the Italians would be about 2.5 times as large as the English-Danish difference. On this scale, the Iranians would be 9 times more distant genetically from the English than the Danish, and the Japanese 59 times greater. Finally, the gap between the English and the Bantus (the main group of sub-Saharan blacks) is 109 times as large as the distance between the English and the Danish.”

Hey sub-race, they still won’t discuss you.

Using the genetic distances outlined above, let’s look at two hypothetical multiracial marriages.

An English Man and a Japanese Woman:  As genetic distance figures above note, an English man would be around 59 times more closely related to a Dane than to his Japanese wife. 

aka the joke in this

Why would you willingly take on a genetic disability, to be trendy?

Bloody anti-white cucks. Well, at least they impair their own idiotic genetics.

Regarding the individual’s genetic investment in the second example above, Frank Salter (On Genetic Interests, pg. 261) writes:

“For a person of English ethnicity, choosing an English spouse over a Dane gains less than one percent fitness. But choosing an English spouse over a Bantu, one yields a fitness gain of 92 percent….  The same applies in reverse order, so that a Bantu who chooses another Bantu instead of someone of English ethnicity has 92% more of his or her genes in offspring as a result.  It is almost the equivalent to having twice the number of children with an English spouse.

Genetic preservation, also to be encouraged in other races.

If you want to annoy a Europhile, point out they’re pushing for the preservation of the white race.

Thus assortative mating by ethnicity can have large fitness benefits, the largest derived from choosing mates within geographic races.”

In other words and general terms, a white mother will be almost as twice as closely related to a child with a white father versus a child with a black father.  Because same-race parents share more genes,  each parent is likely to see more of his or her genes in the offspring even if they are not passed on directly.  For example, if the father has gene X and doesn’t pass it on directly to his son, there’s a good chance his same-race spouse will have gene X and pass it on, so the son will indirectly possess the father’s gene X.

Noting phenotype in mixed-race children, each parent would more closely resemble co-ethnics than their own child, especially the white mother, since whites tend to have recessive traits for appearance.  (A person only 1/16 black will often still have visible and prominent black features.)

And appearance does matter.  The fact that mixed-race children do not resemble the parents, esp. the fairer parent, seems to be an issue of concern, although not widely discussed.

Hey, you wanted attention. You got it.

it is unsurprising that mixed-race children suffer more problems of identity and health.  For instance, mixed-race people are less likely to survive organ transplants, especially bone marrow transplants.  In general, mixed-race people have more health problems. A study by J. Richard Udry notes:

“A new study that involved surveying 90,000 adolescent U.S. students showed that those who considered themselves to be of mixed race were more likely than others to suffer from depression, substance abuse, sleep problems and various aches and pains. Conducted by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the National Institutes of Health, the investigation found that adolescents of mixed race were more likely to have other health problems as well.”

It’s child abuse, if we’re honest.

For the parent’s fetish or vanity.

In other words, an argument could be made that mixed-race families are maladaptive — both for the parents and the children  — and undermine one’s genetic interests.

Hybrid weakness, it seems.

Human history was polyandry

Most women got their top choice. If a woman has her pick of the men, that’s polyandry.

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2014/sep/24/women-men-dna-human-gene-pool

So, sure, genetically polygamy has a long history… most men would hate that system though.

But eggs (and the carrier) are expensive, sperm is worthless.

SEXUAL SELECTION IS EUGENIC.

That is not a bad thing. Selecting out the weak are the ones whose offspring wouldn’t have survived long anyway. Humanity would’ve died out if they didn’t choose the healthy and civilized.

By low IQ alone, a sizable number of men should be rejected.

Insufficient men existed genetically for so-called hypergamy, a marriage detail of the 20th century where rich men preferred beauty in women (regardless of background, given the finite supply in their own class, they had to marry down) which has NOT continued into this one (aka not how evolution works). The social phenomena of hypergamy is why male sexual selection fails, it’s dysgenic, they fuck down and over generations, ruin their bloodline because they don’t have any decent standards (dating studies reinforce this). They prefer a pair of marginally nicer tits over quality descendants (see IQ/class studies, regression to the mean) who actually continue to breed (so their investment was not wasted).

To this day, white women are least likely to miscegenate, and yet men, knowing the ruin that follows, are somehow more open (sexually desperate) to the prospect. This is why women are the prudent, selecting sex, the peahens assessing the tail feathers. It’s the only system that works intergenerationally.

Monogamy is still the best course in my opinion (or look at the Third Worlds with too many men and not enough war falling into sewer-exploding chaos), the way humans have evolved in civilization (not like other primates) and it’s definitely the best course for men.

You know, mathematically.

Men save time picking a good woman, impressing a vast sample size of ONE and then mate guarding. Their instincts arise from ancestors’ success with this. Parental attachment becomes secure and that leads to stable child development e.g. later menarche, and then improves odds of grandchildren, etc… etc.

[Being a sterile manwhore means nothing in evolution.]

This isn’t about man feelings, thank you. It’s as impersonal as genetics.

From here on out, no normie filter.

You have been warned.

Much is written by foolish men on the longer technical male fertility window, omitting quality studies, but what they fail to notice is how the vast majority of men would’ve been dead by middle age (mid-30s) thanks to rites of passage, crime, war and disease. The best quality men had to be rewarded for surviving somehow.

They bring up wolf packs (one, monogamous alpha pair) and lion prides (most males are dead) without the slightest glimmer of self-awareness.

EVOLUTION IS A HIERARCHY, IDJITS.

The cuck thing intrigued women because it seemed like quality men were getting their act together by refusing to support the weak ones any longer, letting the entitled leeches of society e.g. deadbeats, shrivel up without the taxpayer teat. It’s more a promise. Why did women vote for Trump? ACTION.

Hillary wanted to import weak, cowardly men to flood their already swelling domestic angry ranks of would-be rapists and murderers.

Women didn’t vote for her. Shocker.

https://disenchantedscholar.wordpress.com/2018/12/17/americas-stop-hitting-yourself/

“If I hated American men and wanted their legacy to die out, I’d convince them women are like the Jewish Lilith and never to marry or have kids (both of which extend male lifespan and joy).”

Anyone who falls for it deserves to die out.

Women didn’t talk about #killallmen because, well, we kill most of them by genetic suicide anyway. What’s there to say?

Why was this such a huge hit? Listen.

He didn’t think she was good enough, so she rejects him. Now he’s alone.

She wanted to invest, he didn’t. Now he can’t find equivalent offers.

What was she supposed to do, sit around and pine while her ovaries dried up? He had at least three years! That’s three decades in ovary time! Shit or get off the pot, man.

It’s like passing up on a Ferrari because it’s the wrong colour. Men are not passive.

[Also why fronting and negging do not work. Sir, there is a LINE. Please move over so the next guy can talk. You see this in clubs.]

Men get confused since women have options – it’s like offering BBQ to a vegan or a Prius to a Trump supporter, we don’t want those options.

We’d rather have NOTHING.

What’s worse for men – there’s no such thing as “alpha” or there is, and you aren’t one?

So why don’t women talk about it?

We do, you don’t hear it.

At no point did Jesus say “and thus every man is entitled to a waifu” but a lot of men heard it.

The perfect woman of proverbs 31 wears purple silks to make her husband look good but they point to the vain line in another section about pearl braids their husband can’t afford. The problem there isn’t jewelry and fashion, it’s keeping up with the Joneses instead of being a good wife. If you can be a good wife first, roll on the pearls.

Even under so-called polygyny, the women get to choose to marry – the best man, rejecting N-1 of males.

Again, basic maths.

However, this was in there:

I’m sure they forgot.

To be friendzoned, you must actually be friends.

Most people are acquaintances.

Hey guys, I am very smart for saying this but – water is wet?

Why are misogynists so common and misandrists so rare?

To this day, I haven’t seen a misandrist go on a murder spree.

Thousands of years and counting. They have cause, look at crime stats.

What are they doing in revenge? You don’t see a future together? Funny, so does she.

Imagine if women sent an influx of vag pics to Milo. It looks like an audition.

Why do we ‘slut shame’? Fine, I’ll humour you. They don’t choose good men, allow bad behaviour that inconveniences everyone and add shit to the gene pool. Nobody wants shit in their pool.

You let the men think they run everything while killing off the ones who disrespect you.

And that’s why you are here.

The top segment of men support this, by the way, roll on Patriarchy, time of oddly fatal male labour? Abortion only for rape babies? Lots and lots of ground war? Why did Marx point out class war as crushing men? Men are their own worst enemy.

Try to deny it to yourself with each passing year. Women win, just accept it and maybe you can share in it.

Why do “male feminists” turn out to be secretly misogynist the whole time?
Why do they have a reputation for rejection?

This is why weaker men wanted to prevent women from deciding for themselves who to marry.

Evolution is brutal and cannot abide weakness. Mother Nature.

Your ancestors were the least misogynistic of the bunch, it’s selective breeding like domesticating dogs. And you think, to keep women in line and producing for society, being the exception will help you? Ask Elliot how that went. Product of hypergamy Elliot. Angry, mongrel Elliot, who blamed women instead of his father who didn’t want a white son. Cannon fodder in saner times. Not heir material. Why did he preferentially stab Asian males?

Misogynists hate women – but they hate men even more. Most psychopaths are misogynists, most psychopaths are men, most homicide victims are….. ?

Did ya guess? It’s men. If only there were a clever way for nature to resolve this problem. To produce a… civilization?

They don’t become crazy because they’re bachelors, they are bachelors because they are crazy.

If women are crazy, why want them?

As mentioned here and elsewhere, misogyny is a known trait of the inferior male.

https://disenchantedscholar.wordpress.com/2017/07/24/link-inferiority-the-opposite-of-genius/

Good men don’t despise femininity. Rich people don’t hate the banks.

If you had to choose a man to invest in, would you choose a protector or abuser?

Good men use the death penalty to remove the scum from the gene pool, women use passivity with not a drop of blood spilled and each generation progressively more peaceful. Until the weak men imported more dregs out of spite. What do they salivate over? Men being killed in terror attacks, no valor and women being raped, no choice.

That is the omega.

Omega females want pretty women to have ugly, stupid or mud babies. You can’t be out-competed by a better bloodline that doesn’t exist. Again, spite is evil. Wrath is a deadly sin.

That picture needs two fewer dogs and two more children. Ban pets and the white birth rate would skyrocket.

Remember, Muslims hate dogs? Pattern recognition is a skill.

Why in times of war do women say of men in praise “he was a good man, he didn’t deserve to die”, what does that imply?

Ancestry tests are impossible

And this, from an Out of Africa theorist.

https://www.garvan.org.au/news-events/news/personal-dna-tests-in-the-spotlight

Especially more than a thousand years ago, come on. What percentage of your DNA is theirs?

One generation ago is 50%….

It should be illegal under privacy laws. You have no right to sell (and sell you do) your relative’s DNA to a company.

Professor Hayes, an expert in ancient ancestry, human origins in Africa and the impact of ancient DNA variation on modern human disease, shared her perspectives on the limitations of different types of testing and the contribution of genetic research to the accuracy of ancestry tests.

Professor Hayes says, “The clear value of these online tests is that they are creating public awareness and debate into the use of genomics as we enter an era of precision medicine, where one’s individual DNA profile will be used to inform one’s medical care.

None of those words are good.

However, the information learned from these tests is only as accurate or informative as the data available.”

learned by?

translation: They aren’t accurate.

Insurance companies want them.

So do biotech. They’re allowed to patent nature (reverse this).

This is the genetic gold rush.

There’s gold in them thar veins!

You’re all Henrietta Lacks.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/henrietta-lacks-immortal-cells-6421299/

So they can come up with a drug worth billions from your DNA and you paid them to do it.

While selling out your relatives for a bullshit questionnaire “result” page that might as well have come from Buzzfeed.

The police can access their database to place you at a crime scene (or plant your DNA at one) and juries are dumb enough to think being somewhere, alive, is the mark of a criminal. (CSI effect)

[only in rape cases, so few rapists nowadays deny any sexual acts took place, as they used to)

You’re only as smart as your dumbest, vainest relation.

They couldn’t get you to sign up to clinical trials willing, plus all the ones applying your code to would add up, so they tricked you into paying them to use you like a guinea pig.

“The majority of these tests to date interrogate no more than 0.02% of our DNA code, which includes over 6 billion ‘letters’. While this is certainly sufficient to determine direct family relatedness,

Who is your daddy?

making further assumptions on complex ancestral structure and more importantly complex diseases, raises serious concerns.”

She adds, “In a research setting our studies require a lengthy process of ethics approval, participant consent, individual de-identification, freedom for study withdraw and highest level of data security, for the very reasons and concerns raised by participants during the SBS insight DNA Surprises.”