Mortality was 28.1% (475/1691) in the intervention group and 30.2% (514/1702) in the control group (P for difference=0.4). Length of stay in hospital and duration of fever were significantly shorter in the intervention group than in the control group (P=0.01 and P=0.04, respectively).
Remote, retroactive intercessory prayer said for a group is associated with a shorter stay in hospital and shorter duration of fever in patients with a bloodstream infection and should be considered for use in clinical practice.
I guess atheists need to encourage faith because science tells you there are benefits.
You can’t argue with science.
The benefits of faith (but not prayer) applies to other monotheistic religions too
There was a strong linear association between Quran memorization and hypertension, diabetes, and depression indicating that those who had memorized a larger portion of the Quran were less likely to have one of these chronic diseases. Future studies should explore the potential health benefits of Quran memorization and the underlying mechanisms.
This study was performed to examine the effects of intercessory prayer (IP) on wound healing and related physiological and behavioral factors in nonhuman primates. Twenty-two bush babies (Otolemur garnettii) with chronic self-injurious behavior (SIB) were stratified by wound severity and matched by total wound area. The animals were then randomized to IP and L-tryptophan or L-tryptophan only for treatment of SIB and related wounds. The IP intervention was conducted in a double-blind, randomized manner. Prayer was conducted daily for 4 weeks. Initiation of prayer was coincident with the first day of L-tryptophan administration. Physiological and behavioral variables were assessed at baseline and end of study. Following IP/L-tryptophan treatment, prayer-group animals had a reduction in wound size compared to non-prayer animals (P=.028). Prayer-group animals had a greater increase in red blood cells (P=.006), hemoglobin (P=.01), and hematocrit (P=.018); a greater reduction in both mean corpuscular hemoglobin (P=.023) and corpuscular volume (P=.008); and a reduction in wound grooming (P=.01) and total grooming behaviors (P=.04) than non-prayer-group animals. The results of this study are consistent with prior human trials of IP effectiveness, but suggest IP-induced health improvements may be independent of confounds associated with human participants. Findings may provide direction for study of the mechanisms of IP-induced health improvements in both human and animal models.
“A new study published in the journal PLOS One has provided evidence that having a spouse by your side can be a real stress reliever in a moment of crisis.”
“Interestingly enough, a 2018 study found that when romantic partners hold hands, their breathing, heart rate, and even brain wave patterns actually sync up, which enables them to relieve both emotional and physical pain. But this new BYU study is unique in that it used a more biological means of measuring stress, as opposed to relying on surveys.”
“The study also builds upon previous research that being married can help lower your blood pressure, body mass index, and cholesterol levels, reduce your risk of heart disease and dementia, and even boost your overall longevity. For more on this, find out why Science Says a Happy Spouse Means a Longer Life.”
happy wife, happy life
women don’t need to be told the reverse
If there were a supplement that provided all these benefits, the MGTOW lot would be jumping for it.
I think people would respect them more if they just admitted they haven’t found the right one, no shame in that.
“A new study that was published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that when romantic partners hold hands, their breathing, heart rate, and even brain wave patterns actually sync up. According to pain researchers, the more those brain waves synchronize, the more the pain that either of them feel subsides.”
“The mechanisms that underlie social touch analgesia are largely unknown.* Here, we apply a hyperscanning approach with real-life interaction of dyads to examine the association between brain-to-brain coupling and pain relief. Our findings indicate that hand-holding during pain increases the brain-to-brain coupling network that correlates with the magnitude of the analgesia and the observer’s empathic accuracy. These findings make a unique contribution to our understanding of physiological mechanisms of touch-related analgesia.”
Look at the studies. Seems pretty biological to me. It had to pass Ethics.
The male pain is reduced more, it’s just difficult to tell since female results cluster.
Right end of the red line, compare to left legend. Male reduces to zero.
In real terms, the superior improvement of men should be reported.
*Unknown = pair bonding, idiots.
An important nb:
Why is all the religious stuff healthy?
Prayer, fasting, marriage, fidelity, community.
Activates the almonds.
Social evolution et al.
So it’s especially unhealthy that marriage rates have dropped among the working-class.
Why aren’t there rent controls on the cost of weddings? Just a basic wedding.
Not those poncy ice sculptures of a swan, screw those.
Evidence is presented showing that body fat distribution as measured by waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) is correlated with youthfulness, reproductive endocrinologic status, and long-term health risk in women. Three studies show that men judge women with low WHR as attractive. Study 1 documents that minor changes in WHRs of Miss America winners and Playboy playmates have occurred over the past 30-60 years. Study 2 shows that college-age men find female figures with low WHR more attractive, healthier, and of greater reproductive value than figures with a higher WHR. In Study 3, 25- to 85-year-old men were found to prefer female figures with lower WHR and assign them higher ratings of attractiveness and reproductive potential. It is suggested that WHR represents an important bodily feature associated with physical attractiveness as well as with health and reproductive potential. A hypothesis is proposed to explain how WHR influences female attractiveness and its role in mate selection.
Hello sexual selection, tied intimately to natural selection.
also connected to “desire and capability for having children” p7 or 299.
so K-type women may have better WHR.
Normal weight women have the most positive attributes associated.
Overweight category was universally unattractive.
It’d be nice to see a male study on this. I think Western women would want more children if fewer men were obese.
Why Asians are considered youthful but not sexy (they’d usually fall in the underweight group):
The variables of attractiveness, sexiness, and good health were located close to each other, suggesting that subjects perceived them to be closely related.
Attributes of desire and capability for having children were located close to each other in the solution space but farther from attractiveness, sexiness, and good health, implying that subjects did not perceive a great similarity between these two sets of attributes.
Finally, the attribute of youthfulness was located alone and away from both sets of other attributes. Thus, subjects apparently did not perceive youthfulness to be related to any other measured attributes of good health, sexiness, attractiveness, and desire and capability for having children.
So there’s that. Nobody’s jealous.
Figure N7 was located closer to attractiveness, sexiness, and good health as well as desire and capability for having children than any other Figure.
Normal weight for frame (and race) + most nubile WHR would make sense.
More of those genes survived.
Figure N9 was located closest to desire and capability for having children, whereas Figure N8 was located between Figure N7 and Figure N9. The figure N10 was grouped along with overweight figures, which were not perceived to be closely associated with any of the attributes under investigation. Underweight female figures, U7 and U8, were associated only with youthfulness. However, underweight figures with high WHR (U9 and U10) were perceived as neither youthful nor healthy, in spite of the fact that their depicted body weight was quite similar to figures with lower WHR.
Women with an atrocious WHR (boy hips, no waist) and under or overweight for their skeleton are objectively unattractive from an evolutionary standpoint. This would apply whether it’s a Jap, a Ruskie or an American.
Stop calling sexy science ‘racist’ because it doesn’t share your fetish.
This chart drags you harder than I ever could.
Your Asian girlfriend with the boy hips is approximately as attractive to the world as the average WHR white fat chick. That’s your level, accept it.
It’s also a fact we cannot accurately perceive attractiveness of the racial outgroup as well as our own, so an awareness of ingroup flaws changes nothing.
Most modern women straight up don’t look healthy, whether they’re American, European or, yes, Asian.
Stop trying to make boy hips = sexy happen. It’s not going to happen.
Look at the damn gradient on that underweight thing. The solution to fat women isn’t anorexia. That also suggests bad genes. In fact, at least the fat percentage on slightly overweight 0.7 WHR women suggests femininity and fertility.
“Overall, it seems that subjects inferred reproductive capability from body fat”
What does a foetus feed from?
“Thus, it seems that although WHR is related to health and attractiveness, body weight is perceived to be related to reproductive capability”
“As a group, underweight figures were assigned the lowest reproductive capability, followed by overweight figures and then normal weight figures.”
Suck on that, soyboys.
You actually tend to downgrade. That’s why the Democrat-voting soyboys all want an Asian girlfriend and expressly don’t want kids with it.
“Overall, it appears that both fatness and thinness are perceived as unattractive, and such figures are not perceived as having especially high reproductive potential. “
Not womanly. Remember that word? This:
Not girly, not sexy, not cute, not hot. Womanly.
You can’t discuss women in a reproductive, evolutionary context without it.
Thus, consistent with the present findings, men did not find thin or underweight figures attractive.
If you only care for other male opinions.
There is some evidence that suggests that being extremely underweight or overweight can have adverse effects on female reproductive functions.
Ya don’t say?
A critical body mass has been shown to be significantly related to the onset of menstrual cycle and its maintenance (Frisch & McCarthur, 1974), although recent evidence (DeRidder et al., 1990) suggests that it is the body fat distribution, rather than body fat mass or body weight, that is related to early pubertal development.
Distribution varies by race.
Africans are the most pronounced in women then Europeans shapely but delicate then Asians last – no shape, very yang flesh (broad but flat or full in the middle like cortisol fat) and almost nothing to distribute.
Am I imagining all of this?
Underweight females (15% below ideal body weight) have been reported to have a higher incidence of oligomenorrhea (menses 35 days or more apart) and amenorrhea and to have a higher prevalence of ovu-latory infertility than normal weight females (Green, Weiss, & Daling, 1986).
Underweight women also give birth to infants who are small and growth delayed, and such infants often have permanently impaired intellectual and physical development (Supy, Steer, McCusker, Steele, & Jacobs, 1988).
Menstrual dysfunction and ovulatory infertility also occur more often in females who are 20% above ideal body weight (Green et al., 1986). Morbid obesity in females with high WHR has been shown to increase the degree of androgenicity (increased percentage of free testosterone) and associated menstrual and ovulatory problems (Kirschner & Samojilik, 1991). Thus, the reproductive success of a woman may be low in spite of a high level of fat deposits if the regional distribution of fat is not appropriate, that is, gynoid.
Finally, the finding that underweight figures were assigned high rankings for youthfulness but not for attractiveness (or other attributes related to reproductive potential) is difficult to reconcile with some evolutionarily based mate selection hypotheses.
Normal men aren’t pedos.
Youthfulness and health have been proprosed as absolute criteria for female attractiveness (Symons, 1987).
Stick with health.
Health has good or bad, you have no negative way to assess youth e.g. immature.
Features of physical appearance associated with youth supposedly provide the strongest and most reliable cues for female reproductive potential. The present finding illustrates that the relationship of youthfulness and attractiveness is quite complex.
A woman who is judged to be attractive is also found to be youthful; however, youthfulness alone does not make a woman attractive. Apparently, youthfulness is a necessary, but not a sufficient condition, for determination of female physical attractiveness.
also, don’t try to chalk this up to taste:
“Furthermore, if the ideal of female attractiveness is arbitrary and ever changing, no evidence of transgenerational stability in the meaning of WHR should be found, as older men are more likely to be exposed to different ideals of attractiveness than are younger men.”
“Older men did not associate health with underweight figures, including those with lower WHR.”
TLDR: Pedos are wrong. Underweight, waistless wonders are not attractive.
Optimal Waist-to-Hip Ratios in Women Activate Neural Reward Centers in Men
Secondary sexual characteristics convey information about reproductive potential. In the same way that facial symmetry and masculinity, and shoulder-to-hip ratio convey information about reproductive/genetic quality in males, waist-to-hip-ratio (WHR) is a phenotypic cue to fertility, fecundity, neurodevelopmental resources in offspring, and overall health, and is indicative of “good genes” in women. Here, using fMRI, we found that males show activation in brain reward centers in response to naked female bodies when surgically altered to express an optimal (∼0.7) WHR with redistributed body fat, but relatively unaffected body mass index (BMI). Relative to presurgical bodies, brain activation to postsurgical bodies was observed in bilateral orbital frontal cortex. While changes in BMI only revealed activation in visual brain substrates, changes in WHR revealed activation in the anterior cingulate cortex, an area associated with reward processing and decision-making. When regressing ratings of attractiveness on brain activation, we observed activation in forebrain substrates, notably the nucleus accumbens, a forebrain nucleus highly involved in reward processes.
These findings suggest that an hourglass figure (i.e., an optimal WHR) activates brain centers that drive appetitive sociality/attention toward females that represent the highest-quality reproductive partners. This is the first description of a neural correlate implicating WHR as a putative honest biological signal of female reproductive viability and its effects on men’s neurological processing.
Men report stronger attraction to femininity in women’s faces when their testosterone levels are high
Many studies have shown that women’s judgments of men’s attractiveness are affected by changes in levels of sex hormones. However, no studies have tested for associations between changes in levels of sex hormones and men’s judgments of women’s attractiveness. To investigate this issue, we compared men’s attractiveness judgments of feminized and masculinized women’s and men’s faces in test sessions where salivary testosterone was high and test sessions where salivary testosterone was relatively low.
This is why we need studies on men too.
Men reported stronger attraction to femininity in women’s faces in test sessions where salivary testosterone was high than in test sessions where salivary testosterone was low. This effect was found to be specific to judgments of opposite-sex faces. The strength of men’s reported attraction to femininity in men’s faces did not differ between high and low testosterone test sessions, suggesting that the effect of testosterone that we observed for judgments of women’s faces was not due to a general response bias. Collectively, these findings suggest that changes in testosterone levels contribute to the strength of men’s reported attraction to femininity in women’s faces and complement previous findings showing that testosterone modulates men’s interest in sexual stimuli.
Beauty is in the eye of the plastic surgeon: Waist–hip ratio (WHR) and women’s attractiveness
Attractiveness conveys reliable information about a woman’s age, health, and fertility. Body fat distribution, as measured by waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), is a reliable cue to a woman’s age, health, and fertility, and affects judgment of women’s attractiveness. WHR is positively correlated with overall body weight or body mass index (BMI). Some researchers have argued that BMI, rather than WHR, affects judgments of female attractiveness. To evaluate the role of WHR, independent of BMI, we secured photographs of pre- and post-operative women who have undergone micro-fat grafting surgery. In this surgery, surgeons harvest fat tissue from the waist region and implant it on the buttocks. Post-operatively, all women have a lower WHR but some gain weight whereas others lose body weight. Results indicate that participants judge post-operative photographs as more attractive than pre-operative photographs, independent of post-operative changes in body weight or BMI. These results indicate that WHR is a key feature of women’s attractiveness.
Trends in waist-to-hip ratio and its determinants in adults in Finland from 1987 to 1997
Background: Although abdominal obesity has been shown to be an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a variety of other diseases, secular changes in fat distribution in populations have rarely been documented.
Objective: Our objective was to assess trends in waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in the Finnish population during a 10-y period. In addition, we investigated the associations of WHR with body mass index (BMI), age, education, and lifestyle factors.
Design: Three independent cross-sectional surveys were carried out at 5-y intervals between 1987 and 1997. Altogether, 15096 randomly selected men and women aged 25–64 y participated in these surveys.
Results:The WHR increased in both men and women during the 10-y period (P< 0.0001). In men, the strongest upward trend took place in the first 5-y period and then seemed to plateau; in women, the WHR continued to increase into the 1990s. In both sexes, the most prominent increase was observed in subjects aged ≥45 y. The WHR increased in all education-level groups, the lowest WHR being among those with the highest education. Age (18% in men, 12% in women) and BMI (33% in men, 25% in women) accounted for most of the variation in WHR, whereas only 3% was explained by education and lifestyle factors.
Conclusions: Abdominal obesity is a growing problem in Finland, especially in persons aged ≥45 y. These adverse changes in body shape continued to take place, particularly in women, in the 1990s.
Preferred Women’s Waist-to-Hip Ratio Variation over the Last 2,500 Years
The ratio between the body circumference at the waist and the hips (or WHR) is a secondary sexual trait that is unique to humans and is well known to influence men’s mate preferences. Because a woman’s WHR also provides information about her age, health and fertility, men’s preference concerning this physical feature may possibly be a cognitive adaptation selected in the human lineage. However, it is unclear whether the preferred WHR in western countries reflects a universal ideal, as geographic variation in non-western areas has been found, and discordances about its temporal consistency remain in the literature. We analyzed the WHR of women considered as ideally beautiful who were depicted in western artworks from 500 BCE to the present. These vestiges of the past feminine ideal were then compared to more recent symbols of beauty: Playboy models and winners of several Miss pageants from 1920 to 2014. We found that the ideal WHR has changed over time in western societies: it was constant during almost a millennium in antiquity (from 500 BCE to 400 CE) and has decreased from the 15th century to the present. Then, based on Playboy models and Miss pageants winners, this decrease appears to slow down or even reverse during the second half of the 20th century. The universality of an ideal WHR is thus challenged, and historical changes in western societies could have caused these variations in men’s preferences. The potential adaptive explanations for these results are discussed.
Should’ve controlled for race.
Why not look at male WHR? Plus sperm health? Found:
The volume of ejaculate decreases in a linear fashion with increasing BMI (suggesting an inverse relationship).
The sperm quality and viability declines with increasing waist circumference.
Investigators also discovered that quality of semen decreases (such as sperm viability, motility, semen volume) with increasing body size; however, no relationship was observed between sperm DNA fragmentation index and physical activity or obesity.
Latter requires time.
Various research and clinical studies suggests that subfertility in men is multifactorial i.e. several factors can impact the quality of reproductive health.
Abnormal sperm production: Study conducted by Jensen and associates (2) suggested that abnormal BMI is very strongly linked to impaired sperm production. One of the many reasons is, abnormal metabolism of testosterone (which plays a key role in the production of healthy and viable sperms).
Abdominal obesity and risk of metabolic disorders: According to a new study reported in the Human Reproduction (3), investigators provided statistical evidence that abnormal BMI and abdominal obesity is very strongly linked to a number of health issues (such as cardiovascular dysfunction, atherosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, hypertension and others). Needless to say that these health issues have a deleterious effect on the sexual health regardless of the body-mass index (or BMI).
Obesity, physical activity and testosterone: Testosterone levels tends to decline in males who have a sedentary lifestyle. Various research and clinical studies indicates that aerobic activity or exercise can improve testosterone metabolism in males significantly.
1. Eisenberg, M. L., Kim, S., Chen, Z., Sundaram, R., Schisterman, E. F., & Louis, G. M. B. (2014). The relationship between male BMI and waist circumference on semen quality: data from the LIFE study. Human Reproduction, 29(2), 193-200.
2. Jensen, T. K., Andersson, A. M., Jørgensen, N., Andersen, A. G., Carlsen, E., & Skakkebæk, N. E. (2004). Body mass index in relation to semen quality and reproductive hormones among 1,558 Danish men. Fertility and sterility, 82(4), 863-870.
3. Hammiche, F., Laven, J. S., Twigt, J. M., Boellaard, W. P., Steegers, E. A., & Steegers-Theunissen, R. P. (2012). Body mass index and central adiposity are associated with sperm quality in men of subfertile couples. Human reproduction, 27(8), 2365-2372.
Cross-cultural variation in men’s preference for sexual dimorphism in women’s faces.
Both attractiveness judgements and mate preferences vary considerably cross-culturally.
We investigated whether men’s preference for femininity in women’s faces varies between 28 countries with diverse health conditions by analysing responses of 1972 heterosexual participants. Although men in all countries preferred feminized over masculinized female faces, we found substantial differences between countries in the magnitude of men’s preferences. Using an average femininity preference for each country, we found men’s facial femininity preferences correlated positively with the health of the nation, which explained 50.4% of the variation among countries. The weakest preferences for femininity were found in Nepal and strongest in Japan. As high femininity in women is associated with lower success in competition for resources and lower dominance, it is possible that in harsher environments, men prefer cues to resource holding potential over high fecundity.
Asia is weird for dimorphism studies.
Hence the focus on health.
While the economy is bad, it isn’t surprising men prefer manly looking women.
It’s temporary. There’ll be a flood of divorces as the economy improves. Men will suddenly see how mannish the wife has been and be repulsed. Menopause also makes women look more mannish, including higher WHR. So much for a youth argument there.
Factors Underlying the Temporal Increase in Maternal Mortality in the United States
They don’t say more non-white mothers or more mixed race babies, so it’s wrong. They guess.
interesting they misreport data before your eyes
“Here, the pie chart changes once again, with increased amounts going on health and education and reduced amounts going on the EU budget and government administration, relative to perceptions.”
by comparing ideal to perceived, not actual
Do they really want increases in health and education, if your control is their own delusions?
Compared to ACTUAL spending:
Health -2% Welfare -15% Education -1% State pensions -1% Debt interest -3%
Criminal justice +2%
Gov Admin +1%
Foreign aid +1%
EU protection racket +2%
“I don’t think they found out the actual figures in between the two questions.”
Blind leading the blind.
Note: donut charts are used to lie about taxes and make them seem less.
I notice they haven’t studied whether the race you are impacts how much treatment you get. I’ve noticed white people being denied various things (by non-white doctors, usually) but rolling out the red carpet for anyone swarthier than tan (especially if they’re from the same country, then they throw everything in the book at them).
The NHS will be killed by the nepotism of giving out expensive treatments to people who don’t need it like candies.
R-types literally believe in endless resources, availability never ends.
Places like India have Third World health because of doctor nepotism.
We live in a society (yes, going there) where we fund all the whore pills, abortions and STD antibiotics a little degenerate’s heart desires but god help you if you’ve got a non-sexual infection or cancer, then you’re suddenly low priority. Why fund a child’s cancer treatment, we need to give the local club manwhore a fuckton of free “sexual health” services because he refuses to wear a condom! Let the WW2 veteran die in a corridor on a waiting list because some irresponsible slattern wants her third abortion.
PC medicine is bad medicine. People must be held responsible for deliberately making their health poor again and again and again and again, at least to prioritize people who didn’t choose their situation.
For example, a diet of curries will cause a lot of health problems. Why isn’t this medical fact common knowledge? It isn’t PC to ‘shame’ people for…. provoking known disease in their bodies. That’s also a factor in earlier male deaths in India, by the way. Mainly as a leading cause of male obesity, look around. Does lying help them live longer? No but it allows the system the excuse to expand and become more toxic on the host society.
The best system in Europe by outcomes is the Netherlands so don’t swallow the propaganda because they have a free system of choice but have to buy personal insurance (which makes more sense than paying for some stranger’s ambiguous coverage and having uncertain coverage for your own situation and further, funding “treatments” you find pure evil).
Picture the medicine shortage as the economy goes sideways with correction.
Guess we deserve all the positive discrimination, according to the last post‘s link. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4619848/ The science is settled. We’re genetically oppressed, hire us, BBC.
Celtic blood is especially prone.
RH-Neg blood is also connected to Ancient Hebrews, choose your opinion wisely.
It could even be a fine test for Jewish pretenders. If you’re one of the original tribe, you won’t mind a glance at your sheet?
Recessive genetics (islands and nomads) are more fragile and deserve special legal status because we don’t want to be anti-science, do we?
According to this proof, the Japanese, Chinese, Korean and Indians merit less positive discrimination than the British, Basque, other European and American. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rh_blood_group_system#Population_data
I guess Mother Nature isn’t a white supremacist. Tell me, where’s the data for immigrant RHF? Does Magic Dirt transform them? Who is needy?
“Rhesus-positive and Rhesus-negative persons differ in the presence-absence of highly immunogenic RhD protein on the erythrocyte membrane. The biological function of the RhD molecule is unknown. Its structure suggests that the molecular complex with RhD protein transports NH3 or CO2 molecules across the erythrocyte cell membrane. Some data indicate that RhD positive and RhD negative subjects differ in their tolerance to certain biological factors, including, Toxoplasma infection, aging and fatique. Present cross sectional study performed on 3,130 subjects) showed that Rhesus negative subjects differed in many indices of their health status, including incidences of many disorders.
Rhesus negative subjects reported to have more frequent allergic, digestive, heart, hematological, immunity, mental health, and neurological problems. On the population level, a Rhesus-negativity-associated burden could be compensated for, for example, by the heterozygote advantage, but for Rhesus negative subjects this burden represents a serious problem.”
Since wikipedia tends to delete certain data once I link, here’s a spare.
“Psychological and Biological Foundations of Time Preference: Evidence from a Day Reconstruction Study with Biological Tracking”
“The paper finds that financial discounting is related to a range of psychological variables including consideration of future consequences, self-control, conscientiousness, extraversion, and experiential avoidance as well as being predicted by heart rate variability and blood pressure”
There’s a connection. Thought suppression is a variable.
“The correlations reveal that lower discounting in the financial discounting task is associated with high scores on conscientiousness, self-control, consideration of future consequences, cognitive/affective mindfulness, and low scores on experiential avoidance and extraversion.”
Connected to health status.
“This paper reports the results of an exploratory survey designed to measure differences in time preference across individuals and to test for relationships between time preference and schooling, health behaviors, and health status. …The implicit interest rate revealed in their replies is weakly correlated with years of schooling (negative), cigarette smoking (positive), and health status(negative). Family background, especially religion, appears to be an important determinant of time preference.”
Religion connected to time preference! Gasp!
Please do an atheism study, oh my.
http://scholarcommons.scu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1024&context=econ The heavily hedonic aren’t actually happier than you either.
“Our result indicates that, compared to neutral affect, mild positive affect significantly reduces time preference over money. This result is robust to various specification checks, and alternative interpretations of the result are considered. Our result has implications for the effect of happiness on time preference and the role of emotions in economic decision making, in general.”
They’re getting their cake now so don’t give them yours later.
Suggesting the natural state is low TP, more prosocial. You’d expect this since we are here and our ancestors didn’t die in an orgy of chaos.