The lengths these women will go to. I can’t understand the women who spend one hour on hair and one on make-up, if you look that bad just kill yourself. It’s easier. Obviously I’m joking but seriously, when men find the Frankenstein’s monster underneath that bullshit do you think they’ll stick around? So… what’s the point, then? Wipe half her face with a wet wipe and see if her beauty does a Houdini.
White people literally wake up like that, eyebag ‘definition’ and all and they literally coined eye contour like WTF. Equal parts Lisa Eldridge tips on the shadow blending and the eyeliner gap is Marilyn Monroe but the rest is absurd and basically plastic surgery with make-up. That’s no longer you but a face painted on to look like somebody else. That is a mask. A mask in natural colours but still a mask. The white techniques on white eyes are supposed to accentuate what is already present. When a girl with the characteristic egg shaped head is daring to label a video without surgery, that’s a laugh. (Egg heads don’t exist in nature like that, it’s too short and squat, she’s had jaw surgery and they even fold in the long ears to make them seem shorter). Also, if there are men who think pink glitter is a natural look I give up.
Rounded brows pointed down are also a white trait. The orbital ridge is shaped differently. That fake brow shape makes her eyes look bigger too. Microblading weirdness.
Theirs are naturally straight and upturned.
They’ve gotten so defensive about all of this whitefishing they’re daring to claim regular make-up use is Asianfishing now. You wish you looked like that, please. Most of your tips are stolen from white women who adapted to their natural faces. Your surgical shit cannot compete. It’s like tits, plastic doesn’t count.
Nobody is getting eye surgery to look like an angry Downie.
That jaw and ear thing is so gross and creepy. Like a gremlin. Cannot unsee.
Replacement is not just territorial, it’s cultural. Trying to replace Western beauty standards for women, with fake “Western” women. Genocide is artistic, if you read the history books. You’re not allowed to have an exclusive standard (i.e. natural, genetic beauty) nor criticize others openly for appropriating it (i.e. they rule over you, have the power to censor).
“It might sound strange, but its true, this remedy has been passed around the feminist community since the 70’s, appearing in many grassroots publications, some of which are cited here. There are also numerous reports of women using it successfully from this era, I’ve heard many stories, but never saw any kind of documentation, which isn’t surprising in a time, where a woman’s right to choose an abortion and have access to safe legal abortion services was just being won.”
Great for ye olde days of gang rape though. Useful if the Red Army comes around town. Abortion does make sense where continuing would kill the mother so there is an ethical grey area e.g. ectopic. I acknowledge that. We also must know what kills a baby so all mothers know to AVOID it. This is why keeping women ignorant leaves them vulnerable to such evil. Parts of nature hate us. Wiccans are imbeciles.
This is why I don’t supplement liposomal Vitamin C, as I suggested for OLDER people.
“The scientists who conducted the research, Samborskaia and Ferdman came to the conclusion that high doses of Ascorbic Acid appeared to increase estrogen levels which contributed to the interruption of an otherwise normal pregnancy. 20 women who approached doctors requesting an abortion participated in the study. Research was conducted by ob/gyn L.I. Ivanyuta. The women ranged from 20 to 40 years of age. The article does not say if a positive pregnancy test was obtained from the participating women. We also don’t know how much ascorbic acid the women were given. They did however measure estrogen levels before and after treatment with ascorbic acid, finding that estrogen levels were higher after taking the ascorbic acid. Of the 20 women, 16 began menstrual type bleeding within 1 to 3 days from administration of ascorbic acid.”
It makes giving kids lemonade real sinister. Mountain Dew, Sunny D, the works.
“Vitamin C works to produce an unfavorable climate within the uterus so that the egg does not implant, or if implantation has already occurred, Vitamin C can weaken the fertilized ovum’s grip on the uterine wall. Possibly by stimulating estrogen, and interfering with progesterone. This also makes it useful as an emergency contraceptive, when taken before implantation occurs on the 6th day following ovulation. The hormone, progesterone is essential for pregnancy, its function is to prepare a nourishing bed for the fertilized egg, if there is not enough progesterone the uterus becomes less supportive to the egg. Which is desirable when the goal is to end pregnancy.”
Progesterone means pro-gestation. Anything that reduces that and/or increases oestrogen causes miscarriage, including xenoestrogens. BPA also causes genetic defects inc. Downs, and can cause abnormal egg development in a female fetus, which can go on to experience many miscarriages (modern rates?) and Downs children themselves.
Also NO parsley. Yes, it kill babies. Viva Italia some other time. Can be used to induce labour, ironically.
History will view the use of xenos as pure evil*. I think endometriosis is caused by it, like a poisoning. Explains the miscarriage common to it. Most common cause of infertility in women. Pure progesterone creams hard to come by, easier to patent a toxic variety close enough. Even pure creams can include preservatives that are oestrogenic! Vegan love of vit C may cause vegan menopause, imho. Xenos also cause premature puberty in girls as young as ONE, especially seen in high-estro skin products used by American blacks and not found in African ones. Xenos (including hops in beer**) also cause a small penis and breast development in boys/men. This shit should be BANNED forever in all skincare vehicles (10x more potent, bypassing liver filter). The amount required (parts per billion) is rarely tested for but maintains estrogenic effect at this level. Parabens were disused in some products due to this. Others like SLS and phthalates also. It isn’t hype, it’s killing men/women hormonally and babies silently. A silent killer in shampoo, lotion, food etc. No wonder American rates of miscarriage are so high. Test ALL skin products for endocrine disruption, especially those that break down into it (XENOS), in rats. Xenos can bio-accumulate for decades in the body (heard of DDT?) and stay for decades too. I share this hoping people won’t abuse the info.
*file under Molech
**how Anglos have gotten softer and softer and softer… literally and morally.
Synthetic perfume is also a xeno. Sorry. I’m sad about it too. They’re aiming this at teen girls and boys, who get fat. And in the case of girls, look sexual. The boys look twinkish. I’m sure the traffickers love that.
They blame kids for being fat when they’re hormonally drugged from seemingly everywhere. They cannot lose weight! The environment is too polluted!
Phyto-estrogen can bind protectively and reduce the capacity of xeno to attach. This is limited. It’s less potent but still oestrogenic and thus reduces progesterone. Can detox from the body in a matter of days since it’s natural.
Young people know, we’ve been going Galt for years (see Best Post) but the (((Bank of England))) won’t let the corrupt system go bust! Meaning men can’t afford to marry, women aren’t married so have no kids. Financial genocide.
Stop anchor babies and green card gold diggers. Most immigrants come here SEXUALLY, not by boat!
That’s also a way to tell if someone’s really patriotic, is the civnat cucking strong in them?
If you wanna be with a foreigner from the Third World (sex tourism is prostitution, not a valid marriage), your passport to your homeland should be revoked. Fair is fair. Using a pussy or prick as a gateway drug for fifty of their relatives is wrong. The rest of the country didn’t sign up to get genetically cucked because of your lust life. If you can’t find someone more locally, the foreigners are faking it for your money. We’ve been culturally shaming that since Little Britain.
Even Swedens are getting redpill and trying to stop green card marriages from pedo countries like Thailand ruining their demographics, good for them, protecting your country means FROM invasion (of any kind). We’re outnumbered by the BILLIONS by Africa and Asia and simply cannot SURVIVE being made extinct for muh GDP. Reproduction is zero sum, you’re either patriotic or should be deported and you may laugh but it’s going that way. Even the Left wing don’t sympathize anymore when the likes of Jeremy Hunt complain their half-breed kids are ‘bullied’ at posh schools for being foreign. It’s like, well, whose fault is that? YOURS. You chose to burden them with a race that doesn’t belong here. It never will. They’ll be forcibly deported eventually and in about a generation, sending your kid abroad to a boarding school for ‘connections’ will be rightfully viewed as insane. They’re never going to belong, even babies perceive race. At best they’ll be the sad kid who was born because both parents have a disgusting slave fetish. The Left wing is already talking about this online and how ‘problematic’ mixed fetishes are. A broken clock is right twice a day. A fetish is dehumanising.
If you add up all the benefits new arrivals get, and calculate the value of an annuity which would pay out that much, you’ll see they’re all millionaires the moment the navy picks them out of the channel.
my mother has to sell her house to pay for care. alongside her in the home are people with no resources. she pays 1000 a week. she is paying for them. she and father saved all thier lives. to no advantage.
Social Services are SJW to the core. They steal poor children for pedos to rape them in ‘care homes’ and now they’re stealing houses. Those Boomers voted for it with Blair onward. I have no sympathy for people who constantly defend Their brand of bullshit socialism, like the millionth attempt won’t blow up in their face. No, you’re a traitor to your people, including your own family. You wanted the warm and fuzzies for helping the bottomless pits of the fake needy. The Marxists of any stripe get what they fucking deserve. I hope the Boomers get hoist by the petard of the state powers they created. I truly do. Nobody else deserves to. Young people actually vote more right wing, when you only count the white ones.
Have a couple kids, wrongfully claim disability benefits, be on the council list to get a place to live=profit. Meanwhile suckers like most of us work hard try to find a place to live and encounter much difficulty and receive no help what so ever and get stifled by the system
Foreigners buy up the property market and charge you rent. BTL is cancer. Empty the shell companies with compulsory purchase orders. Foreign ownership (anyone with two passports) should be illegal. It’s a huge con preventing native family formation. If we held immigrants to the same standards they’d fail too. Empty the shell company for the Guardian Media Group too, nationalise their corporation by force. Make them pay their ‘fair share’.
Deport using the military, not lawyers. Make an Invasion Act for defence of the realm. Anyone illegal is a hostile invading force to be shot on sight. Give it one month to apply. If they don’t leave, proven hostility. Anyone shielding them gets deported too. Use the Tower of London. No more Freemasons.
Thirty years a go my work manager told me that the problem with this country is that it rewards mediocrity and penalises excellence.
Marxism, ask not for whom the bell tolls.
A race traitor (probable Boomer retiree pedo) chimes in:
Just hope that you do not live long enough to be reduced to the level of an illegal immigrant because that will be the result. I usually spend my winters in Thailand so can sell up and die there. Supporting Foreigners in their country and maintaining a good lifestyle seems preferable to supporting foreigners in my country and being brought low.
Better to reign in Hell, says the Satanist. I hope the Ting Tongs pillow them. I mean they have to, it’s just a question of when.
This is part of the problem, being able to take retirement money from the UK (yes) even while living in another country (immigrants also actually do this). Cut off the deserters from STATE funds. You’re no longer here, it isn’t your country.
I broke my hand and went into the walk in centre. There was a romanian woman who was about mid 30s with her son who was translating for her and no joke she was there because her friend punched her in the arm and it was saw…. Another was a polish man because his shoulder was tender because he banged it. Thats what i seen in a space of just over an hour waiting.
Eastern Europe is a shit-hole because of the people. Come now, they pimp out their children in places like Serbia (coughs in CDAN blind). Low IQ nations deserve to be hellish. Sorry, it isn’t about your race. Immigration is just generally low IQ leeches. Never give them a vote or access to public services. It’s that simple.
I work hard for years, have a slice of my salary taken to go into my NI contributions and when I’m out of a job during these pandemic times, I find that the money I paid into this scheme is unavailable to me because I was too responsible with my money. It stinks.
How many times did you vote Left, Sir? How many times shall you vote Left ever again? (I include the modern Torah party).
I have just walked into town and back and it was a thoroughly depressing experience. So many shops now empty, beggars, shabby and tacky shops and the realisation that I am well and truly a minority.
Genocide. We’re also becoming Second World, Third World among the poor whites. But at least retirees in Portugal are living it large, because property is an ‘investment’ and can never go down! Same with STAWKS. The genocide would be impossible without middle-class duplicity selling out the country for a sweet pension monies promise. That mathematically cannot exist. So this will be karmic and funny, eventually.
Exactly the same is happening all over Europe, especially Sweden.
My prayers with my Swedish brothers. Good luck removing kebab and co.
“But socialism always works”… You know, until literally one person gets greedy
Like the owners of the bank? We’re in super-late stage failure. It began generations ago.
Tragedy of the commons < Treason
The State Pension is NOT a benefit, it is a hard earned entitlement probably built up over 40 years.
It is literally a benefit, you don’t earn being old, it’s ageist UBI, like middle-class people sneering at poor people as if they’re all chavs, while taking literally most of the ‘child tax credit’ money. State sponsored breeders. Maybe spend less on holidays, houses, cars, wine and weddings? Why isn’t child tax credit means-tested to exclude people with many many luxuries and often private schooling? (oh yes, even Gen X/Y are feeding at the Boomer trough)
This mirrors my experience from 20 years ago, A&E full of foreigners, massive queues of first generation foreigners with a poor grasp of English. The buses of North London were also full of non-english speaking foreigners. I was a foreigner in my own capital city as one of the few Anglo. It did also occur that these people had put nothing into the system which they were burdening.
This is why you sink the ships. Invasions don’t need guns. Those come when you STOP paying the Danegeld. You don’t hear us asking them for reparations, do you? Or the Roman? Or the Ottoman? Or the treason of the American celebrated every 4th July. It wasn’t about tea, they owed us protection from our Navy. We rendered a service and they jewed us. The “we betrayed our genetic kin to mate with our slaves” day. That one. Cucking Day. That is a key sign of moral decay. Honour thy mother and thy father. – denied!
I live a frugal lifestyle which means I can earn little and still keep the show on the road – which means I pay no income tax which pleases me greatly. I do not want to support a system that regards me as toxic and problematic as I’m a middle aged white male. I’d be quite happy to see it crash and burn.
This guy gets it. Sadly this is Idiocracy and dysgenic rules apply, the smart people are NOT breeding, awaiting the Crash.
r-types expect to live off other’s children, including those who aborted their own.
Many Irish are very familiar with this fact over here. My friend who works a shitty office job and sells paintings to order on the side (AKA he’s not rich) went into the council and asked for a house to confirm his suspicions – he can’t have one because he’s employed.
Oh, the Irish? Happy to import half of Africa and abort their babies?
When you abandon God, God abandons you. You started it.
I realised this years ago and when the government allowed you to take your private pension at 55 i cashed mine in as waiting until your 67 if your lucky enough to live that long i thought was pointless and took a lump sum and get paid an amount every month also once you have worked the number of years for a full state pension anything else paid in tax after that does not top up your pension it is used to pay for others who have not paid anything.
Latter is true but there is no pension pot, it’s a myth. They invest it in stawks, bro. It’s a Ponzi. They owe you nothing because investments can go DOWN as well as UP.
Best part? EVERY OTHER GOVERNMENT IN THE WORLD IS DOING THIS. Everyone will fail all at once.
Fake successes like Singapore have bigger debt to GDP than we have. The expats will get RINSED. If they live.
Invaded by the most mediocre, worthless people.
We have socialism, the tax rate is well over 50% when you include council, income, NHS contributions, car tax etc. The government tells you who to employ, at what percentage of the work force, what to pay them and whether you can even run for office with your political beliefs. This is corporatism aka fascism as one bloke put it.
And you are also invading them as an expat. But Boomers are hypocrites on all subjects.
That’s what happens when you let the government run businesses they don’t belong running. It always turns into shyte, eve(ry) time for any service. They always deliver subpar products/services and they don’t care about quality anyway. Because there’s no profit, no consequence for failure and no possibility of being driven out of business.
When my parents died the house was left to me and my brother, he started having problems a year later, and was subsequently diagnosed with Alzheimers. The house had to be sold to pay for his care, once most of the money is used the council then pay for his care with money from the government. I gave my brother my share of the property, we wanted him to go into a decent care home. I believe it is free in Scotland. The English are second class citizens.
Yes we’re cucked to Scotland especially. Free uni and prescriptions while the English fail to reproduce thanks to the Graduate Tax by the PRIVATE Student Finance Company (LLC) and Muslims don’t need to pay interest because of their religion. My religion hates usury too, where’s my money? Does this apply to banks too? Why not? Literal oppression, second and third class citizens.
We have plenty of our own poor, we have no need to import anyone else’s.
Yes but the middle class wanted to hire nannies and cleaners at SLAVE wages. Send them to PRISON.
Income tax and council tax don’t cover the people on welfare or imigrants on hand outs, rhe government borrow to make up the shortfall
We’ve been doing that since the Boomers. How about – what you vote for, you personally pay for? And your tax rate paid is public info. Why not? Let EVERYONE virtue signal, no need for accountants. Every policy has a price tag next to it.
I never saved, but my friends who did often got sheared—lost money when the stock market tanked or lost their home in the housing crisis. If I’m struggling in retirement I blame myself, but if I’d done everything right and still got reamed I’d be livid.
And a young Galter:
I’m an evil doley (however I’m actually native), could someone tell me why I should bother working? I had my job stolen because of the lockdowns, can’t find another job and have ended up £2200 in rent arrears. Housing means expensive, shared accommodation which would eat up most of any earnings. Why SHOULD I bother paying taxes when it pays for refugees, lockdowns, a propaganda filled education system, a inaccessible healthcare system? Meanwhile I’d be living in terrible conditions living as a wageslave to fund the above.
I have every sympathy for taxpayers and understand their anger but as a 20 year old born into a degenerating society, who’s just had my prospects taken by lockdowns I see no reason to contribute. I didn’t ask to be born and I didn’t agree to live in a decaying society.
I know people like that. Boomers are livid but cannot complain because they’re also living off the teat.
dam well said I’m 32 and feel the same way, we didn’t ask for any of this crap so why should we fund it? i watched both my parents get the life sucked out of them from working since they we’re 16 and what do you get for it? thrown on the scrap heap like a used tyre when its lost its tread.
killed in a care home or by Midazolam poisoning, choking to death like a common murderer/rapist
I actually waited in a queue of 11 people at a pharmacy for my prescription and all of them were recent immigrants, one guy left with an entire carrier bag of prescription items, none of them had ever paid a penny into the system. It’s basically defrauding us from the treatment we paid for over a lifetime of NI contributions. I really regret paying NI now and wished I’d gone for private insurance.
Nature is trying to kill them from their vices, bleeding hearts won’t let them.
Every month the government takes £225 out my wage before I even get it to go to NHS. Private health is £30 a month…..but obviously I am not going to buy that when I pay £225 to the mob. But when I am sick I have to pay full whack because I am employed. Seriously. Eff this country! what an absolute sh!7Hole!
Exactly, it shouldn’t be mandatory.
You just don’t get to use it if you don’t pay and none of your relatives paid in either.
I had a period of time when I was out of work after being made redundant, initially I was told I couldn’t claim as I had a working partner and then that I could claim the welfare payment which was about £49 a week – I’m 52 worked since 18 and paid tax and NI. What for so people who haven’t paid can get support – isn’t it supposed to be for when you need help – I also have a friend who is a naval veteran- he was made redundant but couldn’t claim as he had a small naval disability pension – he had to sell his house and move to a 2 bed from a 3 bed because he couldn’t keep up the payments – he’s in his early 50’s too and we are both white males – what is happening to this country?
spot the problem there
why isn’t the navy man married? and ‘working partner’….. cuck. Partners are for bellends. Also, males?
What has happened my friend is we have been to soft and the people that are in charge are not true British-people…..Asian people are on all the councils and in government and they are taking over……..sick and tired off the people in government now , and these people have no idea what it is like to be in financial trouble
Yes the Asian invasion, look at government.
High corruption is in their genes.
I’d be suprised if pensions even exist by the time I reach retirement age 😆. That’s why I’m putting my money in stocks and assets
That is hilarious. What a Boomer. 30yo Boomer meme.
Where does he think pensions dump the money? He doesn’t. Think.
There is no way to stop this as all the political parties are more or less the same. I do not vote as no one represents my views: stop all immigration now, stop all building on green fields now, stop HS 2 now.
Well they called everyone a Nazi so. Guess we roll over and die. White men did nothing after rape gangs, now they’re personally getting fucked. Bible says men must protect their kin or God will avenge.
Were the rape gangs real? Are the streets red with riot blood yet?
I am not getting a state pension until 68. I have worked for 28 years.
Is that all? And you expect to live off me for being born later? Fucking leeches.
That’s a top tier Boomerism mate.
what about people born before april 1951 that have had their pensions clipped by £40 even having worked and paid for 54 years The irony of people who voted Labour for generations, bragged about it mindlessly, then stopped working and wondered why Labour fleeced them. THE LABOUR PARTY FOR WORKERS.
Another issue is that a non registered friend or relative will rock up to A&E claiming to be a registered person. But on checking the medical records, it often comes to light via blood tests or comparing radiological imagery that they are not the person they claim to be.
Shoot them. Not kidding. They are invading, that’s the Army’s job. We paid for it.
I have a better idea for getting money for the Government. Lower the wages of the MPs and scrap the House of Lords. That would be a good start.
Minimum wage only and prison for all voter fraud.
My Grandma never wasted money always looked after us grandkids and worked hard as a nurse then the bastards in charge forced her to sell her house to pay for her care she should have sold the house and spent the lot!!!
She voted for it.
You vote for Marxism, expect the wall.
You can have the wall of Marxism or the wall of nationalism.
I know which I’d pick.
Its all wrong and I am sick of it. Need a new government, I will vote nationalist.
You’ll vote to empty the hospitals, schools, universities (yep, people forget) and mansions in London? You’ll deport the Ting Tongs and anchor babies? Somehow I doubt it. They want to keep the debauchery but not the debauched.
I have retired early because I do not want to pay tax anymore.I live a simple life and there is nothing left to spend it on , nowhere to go,
A boomer realizes too late his ‘mistake’. The abortion and whoredom didn’t give it away?
Marxism is great until you turn 40. Then you start wanting something real in life. A legacy, a culture, anything. Former Marxists told me this.
I bet Simon would be curious to see how things will look in 50 years when things really start hitting the fan.
Five. Ten tops.
Global civil war. Multiculturalism was always shock troops.
We are becoming more and more 3rd world every day
The Asian invasion is worse than the African. Even sexual crime, rape gangs are majority Asian. Asians are even fucking up AFRICA. There’s your locust. Africans hate them.
another cuck chimes in:
Having paid tax and NHI for 33 years I became an expat. Now as I have been an expat for 10 yrs and longer I now do not qualify for free NHS treatment. If I ever need it I will put black shoe polish on my face and pretend not to speak English and destroy my passport.
again, is that it?
You think you deserve retirement after barely working? Some women I know clocked more than that before menopause. Early retirement is a gimmick most don’t deserve.
another such twat of an expat, no bailouts!:
Agree in the main with your points, in fact my Dad, rest his soul, said very similar things when he was alive. Pensioners are an easy target, they stole 6 years from my wife and roughly 3.8m women born in the 50’s. For the record, she received NO letter or notification from DWP either, despite what they say! I lost a year (66 instead of 65), and had to accrue 5 more years of N.I. for a state pension even though I already had 30yrs in! But we saw the light 5 years ago and said “bonsoir” to good old blighty, as Del Boy says, and now live in sunny Spain. We sold our modest park home and now rent a beautify villa with a swimming pool and views to die for! Our funds are subsidised with additional modest funds from work pensions, that together, allow us to get through until we finally get state pensions 1 and 2.5 yrs hence. BEST THING WE EVER DID, ESCAPING BRITAIN and there’s no chance in hell we’ll ever return!!!
30 years working. Chinese gov workers expect pensions that early but at least they know they’re Marxists.
No bailouts for expats, you made your choice. They still get national money, despite living the high life in a mansion abroad.
Thanks God, I left England in 1981. I am spared the sad take over of the greatest country in the World.
The gleeful expat is a trope at this point. They ruined the country and think 30 silvers is gravy.
It’s nice to know these parasites are rounding themselves up for us.
Yes rounding them up will be easy. Then again, free ‘vaccines’.
I suggest we pay them per vaccine.
A tenner each should do it. Cash.
I work on an NHS call line and the amount of wasted resources and the money these people cost us is so high that you genuinely can’t imagine it. Genuinely. You think you can but you can’t. They phone up and demand free stuff. The sense of entitlement BLOWS. MY. MIND. And remember, you are paying for it.
This is why immigrants will be RUNNING for boats to leave once the economy crashes. Locusts are not ants.
” The one who is unwilling to work shall not eat.”
Tell the gleeful expats. Happy to see us die off.
Literally most annual Gov expenses is old people killing the reproductive capacity of the young. 1/3 of my working life, once I checked.
Mass deportations is the only answer now
Lol you think they’ll go.
I feel the rumblings of civil war.
Vox Day is right about that.
Funny he thinks armed Italians will let him remain.
I remember many years ago a pair of my friends were out of work and went to sign on. One had worked and saved. The other had been on an around the world tour for a year and had no money. Only one got financial aid… Guess who’s life choices got rewarded.
The hippy. It’s always the hippy.
All Boomer memes only apply to hippies.
A good Boomer observes:
I worked 50 Years . I look out of my Front Window and see , to the Left of me 3 doors down , young black single mother , not working , upstairs flat , young white couple , one child , not working , across the way , a Four Bedroom Halfway House , 3 black , one white , not working , next Door , a Couple who stopped working 43 Years back , reason , they told me ” Our Parents worked and paid Tax , so why should we work ” . 3 Doors down from them , couple , 4 Chldren , 2 nice Cars outside , not working Bad Back , Does Not Stop Him getting His Motorcycle out on Summer Days and go riding with Friends , nor riding Scrambles Motorcycle at Week-Ends , another 2 Doors Down, Somalian ” refugee ” couple , 2 children , does like sitting out in the Sun , not working ……….
Socialism is also death in an all-white society, almost like Marx hated us and our Christian values.
“How is all this paid for?” Short answer – it isn’t. A longer answer is the UK government has been spending more than it collects in taxes for decades. This budget deficit is partly financed by borrowing – which can never be repaid because it is impossible to run a balanced budget, never mind pay down the debt – and partly by monetizing the debt. That is, the BoE prints money which it gives to the government in exchange for government debt. This paper sits on the BoE balance sheet and will be there in perpetuity.
This will end only when a currency crisis hits.
The BOE is illegitimate, hold its owners responsible for their CORPORATION then once cleared, NATIONALISE IT.
We need national capitalism. Repudiate odious debt.
some will never learn:
One of the things which really bugs me is describing the state pension as a benefit. It is not a benefit. It is an annuity funded by the recipient’s history of National Insurance contributions.
Stop bullshitting me Boomer, Immigrants get it. It’s welfare.
They only conserve the interests of international finance and Globalisation. They never ever actually conserve the interests of the traditional English man and never will. The role of the centre Right is to prop Liberalism and Globalisation up at all costs.
so close to seeing it
This sort of behaviour is common at the end of empires – oligarchs import foreigners to enable them to rob the system more effectively.
Multiculturalism is death.
I’m a pensioner in my 70’s and I have definitely decided to change the way I vote if I get half a chance. I vote for politicians dancing at the end of a rope from ALL lamp posts. I know there are many lamp post but I’m sure there are just as many traitorous politicians to decorate them with.
Good Boomer. You stay.
And I’d hang them with their own entrails..
Clever. Saves money.
Patrick Kyle being a Patrick Kyle:
Oops! Risking accusations of fascism Simon. But I agree with the thrust of your argument. I’m a boomer who grew up with rationing and have believed in the idea of being frugal and planning for the future – until 2008 when the banksters wiped 50% off my pension fund, and since then interest on savings has not even kept up with inflation.
It’s like the vegan of generations. Still calling truth tellers Nazi.
The State Pension is not “a benefit”.
Spot the Boomer.
He goes on:
It is a right, to which people have paid regularly, for FIFTY years.
People pay into Ponzis all the time, you’re not entitled to fraudulent profits from MLMs.
It didn’t even keep up with inflation, that money.
We are mugs, I’m a pensioner and would be the first to vote for another party, so get Nigel back , at least he has a back bone not a yellow streak, eh Bojo.
Ex-banker who sluts around and keeps getting divorced from foreigners? Really?
Do you understand that everyone “pays into the system” when they make a purchase with applicable VAT? VAT is the second largest source of revenue for the Gov
Yes everyone is literally a tax payer.
During a recent hospital visit I was sent for a blood test. On my way to the department I passed whole families of ‘foreign’ looking families sitting on the corridor floor. When I say families it included what looked like grand parents and aunties and uncles. Some Asian people I was working with at the time used to get medication via the UK health service (probably by feigning being ill) and then send it back home in India for example to relatives who were ill. They quite openly did this as it seemed the normal thing to do.
Remittance is fraud.
Asians have bigger families and by census are the biggest drains.
Always thought that the refugees were in fact retirees coming here for a tax payer funded lifestyle they couldn’t get by working in their own country.
My Mum worked all her life as a cook , the minute she needed full time care aged 86 , all social services wanted to know was how much money she had in the bank / pensions from her employer / my late Father , did she own a house ?, the system fleeces hard working people , illegal migrants get everything for free yet they have contributed nothing to the welfare state they live off.
But did she vote for socialism? If not, they’d say. The people who voted for it, should pay for it.
Old people had longer to learn better. They COULD have turned away the boats. Mod London was totally degenerate and loved Marxism and immigration, free ‘love’.
Tragically, you are again correct with your analysis. I was in hospital for an operation about five years ago. I was pretty gobsmacked with the scene here. The busiest person in the ward was the eastern European interpreter who was going around the ward with the surgeons and acting as interpreter between doctor and patients. I was one of only a handful of English speakers. My tax and NI went to pay for her too. Shocking or what!
But Londoners want cheap blonde sex slaves. Think of the bankers!
If ever there was a generation that was so unappreciated as mine I cannot think of one. Why did I bother.? I bothered because I see myself as a decent caring, fair and honest person. This government and some of the younger generation want my money and me gone. To you I would like to use that old Anglo Saxon expression, Fxxk Oxx.
“Ray Global Education, which owns two U.K.-based private schools, says the acquisitions were a part of its “Global Campus” project that seeks to promote the CCP’s Belt & Road infrastructure and global influence initiative in the global education sector.”
boot them out, all of them
“The company’s president Hu Jing told Chinese state-run media in 2019 that he runs the business in accordance with “political laws, educational laws, and economic laws.””
we follow your law so let us own you? dafuq?
“”No matter how international the school is, it is still fundamentally a Chinese school, and it must pay close heed to the political environment,” Hu told journalists.”
Take the estate agents and put ((them)) on trial for treason.
“Even if you shut down the Confucius Institute, the CCP has other ways in, including the acquisition of private schools,” Wang said. “I don’t think Western countries have yet realized the extent of the CCP’s involvement here.”
I TRIED WARNING THEM.
“These British politicians really are idiots,” Ma told RFA. “China is using their economy to gain a political voice, but they have no idea how to resist them.”
They will turn all the future politicians into communists.
Is Britain for sale?
“The U.K. has turned itself into a trading outpost of China, not just in terms of business, economy and trade, but also in terms of culture,” Ma said. “[U.K.] universities, research institutes, secondary and primary schools have invested a lot of money in China.”
cut off their funding, on grounds of national security they get taxpayer money and answer to the people, they do NOT get to funnel money offshore
“This is all about targeting the next generation, educationally speaking,” Ma said.
White men really are cucks.
The Hurun Research Institute reported in 2018 that more than 80 percent of China’s wealthiest families plan to send their children to overseas schools, with nearly one third saying they would choose schools in the U.K.
To obtain blackmail material.
“British brands are also particularly attractive to Chinese parents, who think about the aristocratic British accent and lifestyle,” An told RFA.
Nation for sale, why bother with all the wars?
According to a 2020 report from the Independent Schools Council (ISC), China has sent more students to private U.K. schools than any other country, a total of 10,864 at the time of the survey.
And middle-class parents wonder why little Timmy can’t get a place.
ONE BILLION STRONG COMPETITION. Is the immigration funny now?
Why can’t English people get married, move out and breed?
“Mar, who represents the National Coalition For Men”
there it is, hardly an American name is it?
“and two individual men challenging the law”
let’s see names and faces of the gamma bitches who want women to die for them while they sit high and pretty as Secret Kings
draft those three and only those three
NO more male supremacy propaganda if you’re too weak to even sign up for a draft you claim doesn’t matter.
No more muh Patriarchy bullshit. You are males, not men. Men fight for what they believe in, and not just through a keyboard. You are not a real man by living to age 18.
Women don’t have the upper body strength to serve, end of story. Internal organs are different too, from the spine structure to the lung capacity. Women literally do not have military endurance. They also make great POWs, especially for rape, and if nuked, the infertility means winning the war cannot happen. Since the group is genetically dead. No instinct to protect their women > low T. Cowards like this were the reason we kicked boys out of the tribe at puberty, to let nature finish them off if they were yellow little snakes.
DO YOU WANT GENDER ROLES OR NOT?
NO WAH WAH WAH IT’S HARD. DYING IN BATTLE IS LESS PROBABLE THAN MATERNAL MORTALITY IN AMERICA, WHICH HAS GONE WAY WAY UP.
MRAs are just anti-white female, in the same way SJWs are anti-white male. It’s all anti-white and literally most white people are the women, sorry to tell ya.
Yet more genocidal mewling. Cultural Marxism claims everyone is biologically the same. Christianity doesn’t dispute this biological difference used by evolution/chromosomes, but adds God gave us equal yoking in spiritual value. So it’s anti-Christ, too.
Hillary Clinton wanted to pass this. Should tell you.
Starting to think God made women bear children because many men would’ve been too cowardly and opted out, making us go dodo. Men are fonder of abortion in surveys, not wanting to ban it in case god forbid they’re held responsible for once in their lives.
“If the court agrees to hear the case, it wouldn’t be deciding whether women have to register, just whether the current system is constitutional. If it isn’t, then it would then be up to Congress to decide how to respond, either by passing a law requiring everyone to register or deciding registration is no longer necessary.”
So it’s an offshoot of tranny stuff. Great.
“The issue of who has to register for the draft has been to the court before. In 1981, the court voted 6-3 to uphold the men-only registration requirement. At the time, the decision was something of an outlier because the court was regularly invalidating gender-based distinctions in cases about other areas of the law. Many of those cases were brought by the founding director of the ACLU’s Women’s Rights Project, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, who became a justice in 1993.”
Unpatriotic scum gonna be unpatriotic. You’re on Ginsburg’s side of history.
Women are the national security, securing its literal biological future.
“The case about the draft is National Coalition For Men v. Selective Service System, 20-928.”
I think I’ve posted this before and I know I’ve recently spotlighted the dying demographic nations like Poland (lowest fertility rate in the EU).
But let’s look again and wonder how such steep changes could happen, shall we?
“Population growth in Eastern Europe is now negative, and Southern Europe is projected to join it with zero growth around 2005.
Western and Northern Europe, in contrast, are expected to maintain positive growth until around 2025 and 2040, respectively (figure 36). Declines in growth not only come earlier but are also much sharper in Eastern and Southern Europe than in Western and Northern Europe. Were international migration eliminated, zero growth in Western and Northern Europe would come instead much earlier, around 2005. With no migration, the growth trajectories for Western, Northern, and Southern Europe would still be roughly similar but would be pegged at a lower level, but the growth trajectory for Eastern Europe would be little changed. Looking beyond 2050, one sees each region return gradually to zero or slightly positive growth.”
But by all means think voting and anti-marriage propaganda will help…. It’s like demographic Santa. Babies can be wished into existence! What incentives? Also, EE, this is why you don’t traffic and pimp out your nubile young women to rich Arabs and STD-ridden tourists. You ate the demographic seed crop. If you continue to betray your women (fact: most white people are women) then you deserve to die out. Misogyny (as with misandry) are anti-natal. Figure 35 shows the wages of sin is death i.e. treason = extinction. The MRA/MGTOW anti-natal propaganda is largely the rejected gamma trying to genetically murder those above him (the coward’s way, Wormtongue) by fish bicycle logic. Surely you’re smarter than that? SJWs perform the same gamma/spiteful mutant function among women.
“The United Kingdom dominates Northern Europe demographically, with 64 per cent of regional population. Its growth trajectory is about 0.1 points higher than that for Northern Europe as a whole. The region also includes three small Baltic countries with economies in transition: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Their growth trajectories are radically different, being even more negative than that for Eastern Europe. The remaining European countries with economies in transition are all in Eastern Europe, except for Albania and the successor states to Yugoslavia, which are in Southern Europe. However, growth in Albania and the former Yugoslav republics is not that different from, and actually slightly higher than, growth in Southern Europe as a whole. Southern Europe is dominated by Italy and Spain, whose projected slow growth is reflected in the regional trajectory.”
Those whom the gods wish to destroy, they first make mad. Reprobate mind? Sexually decadent cultures?
“Projected fertility trends are consistent with the growth trends. Some initial fertility decline further below replacement is expected in this decade, except in Western Europe, where fertility is believed to have hit bottom in the early 1990s and has risen slightly since then (figure 38).” That’s Labour immigration policy.
“Each region is then assumed to reach total fertility of 1.85 by 2045-2050, with Northern and Western Europe progressing along a higher trajectory than Southern and Eastern Europe. Within the following quarter century, fertility is then expected to rise further to replacement level, with Southern Europe lagging behind the other regions.”
Yet I find it hilarious that Eastern Europe is taking the most degenerate of white trash immigrants, the PUAs. They’ll soon learn it isn’t even race of the immigrant, it’s whether they’ll render your local population infertile with STDs and cause local disruption with their carousing. Like the Vikings, they’ll take your women. It’s the rule. And if the local women refuse, like Taharrush, they’ll be forced. I’d expect druggings to become commonplace (including alcohol spikings) whenever PUAs move into an area.
Sort your incitement to rape laws NOW. Protect your culture. Don’t become like NY or London. Do not let the sexual locusts eat your nubile seed crop. r-types emigrate.
“Fertility stays at current levels in the constant projection scenario, which leads to incredibly large numbers for world population. For the European population, however, it leads instead, in the long run, to startlingly low numbers. By 2300, Western, Southern, and Northern Europe would each have only 28-30 million people, and Eastern Europe would have only 5 million. The European Union,which has recently expanded to encompass 452-455 million people (according to 2000 or 2005 figures) would fall by 2300 to only 59 million. About half the countries of Europe would lose 95 per cent or more of their population, and such countries as the Russian Federation and Italy would have only 1 per cent of their population left. Although one might entertain the possibility that fertility will never rise above current levels, the consequences appear sufficiently grotesque as to make this seem improbable.”
95 per cent or more of their population
and party countries like Italy and the world’s strip club Russia:
only 1 per cent of their population left
“sufficiently grotesque” is code for effective genocide folks
Also: You don’t judge whether something is POSSIBLE by emotional appeal.
See, you don’t need to kill everyone, just most of them, to prevent a functioning economy, especially the young people, and if you can keep them bachelors so much the better, because white people need to marry first before they breed. Distractions include careerism, the gym and notch counting.
“These changes take a century. Quicker societal adjustments are necessary when demographic change is rapid in the short-run, though such demographic changes tend to be more difficult to predict. Table 9 shows the highest and lowest growth rates expected for each country in any period between 2000 and 2300. Most of the largest positive growth rates appear in 2000-2005, while fertility is still high in various countries. The largest negative growth rates appear close to 2050 or beyond 2100, when countries enter a period of below-replacement fertility. European countries tend to show slowest growth earlier, African countries later, except for some Southern African countries where slow growth appears around 2020-2030 because of HIV/AIDS.”
or a SARs bioweapon.
Yet the anti-natal channels on Youtube are the only kind exempt from the so-called ‘redpill’ ban hammer.
Makes ya think. Activates the almonds. Rustles my jimmies. I wonder (((why))). They hate white males and they’re telling them to nix their genome with the snip or race mixing. I wonder why those channels are up? Why are so many pick-up artists non-white? And yes, that includes the Jews. When do we get the AQ – the Asian Question of them inserting themselves into our culture and policies? Hello fellow hwyte male. Let them slice your balls.
That’s the Boomer fallout, the consequences of all the dysgenic policies, from abortion to the Pill to free love/hook-up/whoredom to Asian and African immigration/invasion. I know some of you didn’t vote for it, it still exists. I’ll be considered generationally along Trigglypuff so deal with it.
TABLE 8 is a sobering read.
e.g. Croatia, millions of population, -27 by 2100, maximum 0% change. Stop importing degenerates.
Israel 63M by 2100, curious. 70% + max change. Almost like they knew.
Poland -33M by 2100. By all means, let degenerates immigrate. Make it worse.
BY contrast, Somali 658 million. Not a typo.
Serbia, -26 million by 2100. Were the shekels worth it?
I’m sorry I base my opinions on data.
By comparison, so-called cucked Sweden minus 8 million by 2100.
So Eastern Europe is literally worse off than the Swedes. Nobody says anything. Controlled ops.
UK gains 10M, mostly non-Anglo, I’d wager. The native pop is suppressed by (economic) factors and anti-marriage propaganda.
America gains 53M, mostly mystery meat if you look at new births and white deaths. Thanks, Boomers.
Yemen gains 700M. Not a typo.
“In 2000-2005, 56 countries, out of 192, have total fertility of 4.0 or higher. By 2045-2050, the number will be zero. Instead, 139 countries will have total fertility under 2.0. Beyond 2050, however, the progression is not unilinear. The number of countries with fertility below 2.0 will fall, as more and more countries return to a replacement level just above 2.0. But fertility levels of 2.2 or higher are not expected to return.”
So Marxism of any kind (including precious socialists) will go the way of the dodo. The production simply won’t be there to leech from.
You read the rest. This century, the white man dies. If they endorsed anti-natal practices, it’s deserved. Revenge is mine, saith the LORD.
We need exogenic wombs, it seems. Because there won’t be enough fertile women to go around.
If you want blood of the indigenous our leaders fucked up, try the Irish. We literally sold to foreigners the ample food supply we had (happens now with China and domestic food prices for us, as covered) and let them starve to death, including the women and children. Who needs a Holodomor when you have… whatever this is? Free trade is practically slavery, pass it on. Technically, arguments could be made for agrarian treason. We paid for those farmers to labour and toil for our plate, with our taxes. Monarchies have noblesse oblige. France learned the hard way. As I always said, we need national (loyal) capitalism, to protect the workers and People.
Do you really own your country if the CCP is buying up your precious farmland? Estate agents were despised for this reason, historically. They’ll sell you from under your very feet, no care for wars and national loyalty.
nb How is soaking a flag with blood, NOT incitement? What’s next, burning a Guy? He was white so….? I guess Catholicism was the first religion of pieces, technically. Which is the best kind of correct. Just like the Munster rebellion had the first religious rape gangs in Europe, under the guise of E Q U A L I T Y. The Left are seldom original.
Duh? Nothing to do with women, who always worked. That was a false flag by Peterson, who curiously didn’t show any data (because that data does not exist). Women always worked, even in pre-industry, except the royalty and certain aristocrats. That is nowhere near most women, let alone all. Contrary to Peterson’s nagging, Western incomes are still high internationally, so what would explain the 60s-00s replacement of the working class, but globalisation broadly and international competition from mass immigration locally? Naturally his lefty politics won’t allow him to finger the true culprit because that raises uncomfortable questions for his age group.
Missionaries violated the Bible by giving gibs to heathens, as in ‘those who will not work, shall not eat’. https://www.worlddata.info/average-income.php But y’know, that’s just actually looking for the DATA. UK average income $42k. Meanwhile places with an intact culture (relatively) and plausibly more K-family units (read: high marriage rates) have super low incomes and larger families as the norm still. e.g. Poland $15.2k Croatia $14.9k Russia $11.2k Serbia $16.1k Hungary $7k since you all have such a hard-on for the EE nations
so it’s a blatant FALLACY to conflate income with family formation in white people
with ONGOING data to prove it decisively (no muh 21st century is different)
losers: “it’s all about the money! that’s why women don’t want me!” sure
and population has gone up steadily e.g. Russia. https://www.worlddata.info/europe/russia/populationgrowth.php The data is out there but the fake redpill refuse to admit immigration is the problem and always has been (because literally most of them are immigrants, Magic Dirt men playing hello fellow white man). They wish to foment mutual white hatred (r-select impulse, the spiteful mutant) and what are the two biggest demographics in any race? Men v. women. Men stop protecting the women, women are easy prey. Divide, conquer. Cowardly but dysgenic.
The rise of the East has killed the West and the traditional breeding stock of the working class. Globalisation kills. Blaming the in-group is what the Globalists want, it produces further sterility and prevents you from questioning them (political triangulation), see: SJWs salivating over causing a gender war and larping as white women when they aren’t (religiously).
Did women get the vote in 1995, ya morons?
example of this all with EE nations again:
Poland has one of the lowest birth rates in the EU (as covered before, the r-women don’t want kids when asked) but even their population has been holding steady despite emigration and low incomes. https://www.worlddata.info/europe/poland/populationgrowth.php Blaming ‘women’ for working is plain ignorant of history! Did they think their grandmothers all twiddled their thumbs? What would they prefer? Living on welfare? Starving? Working until their eggs are all gone? Those are the only options, all demographic death. Women cannot fix this and shouldn’t be blamed for it. At some point they need to man up and admit men need to correct the ‘mistakes’ of their forefathers i.e. globalisation, immigration, multiculturalism.
There was data going round, mentioned by Academic Agent, that if only women voted in the UK since WW2, no left wing government would’ve ever gotten into power since. I’d like a video on that. Shan’t hold my breath but if enough people pester him he could trigger some broflakes because the sloth of r-men votes socialism due to lower T, r-women want to work. Americans need to look at data before complaining. Why are no major MGTOW/MRA channels removed from youtube? The plan is anti-white family, duh.
Besides, adopting pure r, we physically could not outnumber them by over-breeding, they’re generations ahead of us. The baby cult cannot flatten r-numbers.
“The global fertility rate fell from 5.25 children per woman in 1900, to 2.44 children per woman in 2018. The steepest drop in this shift happened in a single decade, from 1970 to 1980.” When Boomers gave the Pill to unmarried couplesand factories moved overseas.
“The overall decline in fertility rates isn’t expected to end anytime soon, and it’s even expected to fall past 2.1 children per woman, which is known as the “replacement rate”. Any fertility below this rate signals fewer new babies than parents, leading to an eventual population decline. Experts predict that world fertility will further drop from 2.5 to 1.9 children per woman by 2100. This means that global population growth will slow down or possibly even go negative.” All socialist/Marx models rely on rising population, that’s why all their policies e.g. Sex Ed, single parent gibs, no criminal punishment for adultery, all have the same outcome. They’re breeding chattel for their pension pot. Socialists oversee the breeding of their own slaves. Dark, huh?
As Darwin suggested, evolution is a race for life, and until the overseas threats are dealt with, local solutions are null and void. The ship is sinking, stop your enemies from blowing more holes in the boat. K-selection requires a fair i.e. closed system for operation. Globalists hate this because one such system would easily outcompete them. R-types pouring into the same territory exploiting shared resources will starve all Ks.
Going by the historical definition, nations such as Finland, Sweden, Ireland, and Switzerland were Third World countries. Based on today’s definition, these would not be considered Third World countries. Instead, what many now interpret “Third World” to mean encompasses economically poor and non-industrialized countries, as well as newly industrialized countries.
The international economic order has changed in the last 40 years and will no doubt go on changing, as leading economist, Angus Maddison, explains.*
In 1962, we usually divided the world into three regions. The advanced capitalist group was then known as the developed world. The second was the “Sino-Soviet bloc”. Countries “in course of development” were the third world. The China-USSR split occurred in the early 1960s; most of the communist regimes collapsed around 1990, and the hostility of the cold war has largely faded away. The income gap between the former communist countries and the advanced capitalist group has become very much wider than it was. For this reason, a tripartite division of the world economy is no longer appropriate.
For rough comparisons, it is now useful to divide the world in two and compare developments in the advanced capitalist group with the aggregate for lower-income countries – designated as the “West” and the “Rest” in our tables. On average, the West increased its income per head fourfold from 1950 to 2001 – a growth rate of 2.8% a year. In the rest of the world there was a threefold increase – a growth rate of 2.2%. In both cases this was much better than earlier performance. From 1820 to 1950, income grew 1.3% a year in the West and 0.6% in the Rest. Though the gap in income level was still increasing, the acceleration in performance was bigger in the Rest.
Population of the West rose by half from 1950 to 2001 (0.8% a year), about the same pace as in 1820-1950. In the Rest, the situation was very different. Population grew by 2.0%, compared with 0.6% in the earlier period. This reflected a major improvement in welfare as mortality declined and life expectation rose from 44 to 65 years in 2001 – much faster than in the West. In the past two decades birth rates have fallen rapidly – a demographic transition which happened earlier in the West.
The West is now a relatively homogeneous group in terms of living standards, growth performance, economic institutions and modes of governance. Over the past five decades there has also been significant convergence in most of these respects. This is not true of the Rest. There are more than 180 countries in this group. They have nearly all increased their income levels significantly since 1950, but the degree of success has varied enormously. Most of Asia is experiencing fast per capita income growth. Most African countries are fairly stagnant. Most Latin American countries found it very difficult to keep a steady trajectory of advance in the 1980s and 1990s. Population growth is fastest in Africa, a good deal slower in Latin America and slower still in Asia. Life expectation and levels of education are lowest in Africa, better in Latin America, and better still in Asia.
Between 1950 and 2001, the Asian group increased per capita income fivefold and narrowed the relative gap between their incomes and the West. In other regions there was no convergence. Latin American income rose more than twofold, in the former command economies of Eastern Europe and the USSR less than twofold and in Africa about two thirds.
The divergence was even more striking in 1990-2001. In this period the Western group increased their income by a fifth, the Asian group by half, Latin America by a sixth, Africa stagnated and in the former communist countries per capita income fell by a quarter. [DS: WHYYYYYYY]
American policy since 1973 has been much more successful than that of Western Europe and Japan in realising potential for income growth. The incidence of unemployment is now about half of that in Western Europe, whereas in 1950–1973 it was usually double the European rate. Labour force participation increased, with employment expanding from 41% of the population in 1973 to 49% in 1998, compared with an average European rise from 42 to 44%. The percentage drop in working hours per person was half of that in Western Europe. These high levels of activity were achieved with a rate of inflation which was generally more modest than in Western Europe.
US policymakers have been less inhibited in operating at high levels of demand than their European counterparts. Having the world’s major reserve currency, and long used to freedom of international capital movements, they generally treated exchange rate fluctuations with benign neglect. The Reagan administration made major tax cuts, and carried out significant measures of deregulation in the expectation that they would provoke a positive supply response that would outweigh potential inflationary consequences. The US operated with more flexible labour markets. Its capital market was better equipped to supply venture funds to innovators. Its economy was as big as Western Europe but much more closely integrated. Demand buoyancy was sustained by a stock market boom in the 1990s.
The United States was a major gainer from the globalisation of international capital markets. In the postwar period until 1988, US foreign assets always exceeded liabilities, but thereafter its net foreign asset position moved from around zero to minus $1.5 trillion (more than 20% of GDP). Thus the rest of the world helped to sustain the long American boom and financed the large US payments deficit.
The table provides a quantification of growth performance of eight major regions of the world economy and some very tentative projections for development up to the year 2015.
The demographic projections are those of the United Nations Population Division, and indicate a continuing decline in the rate of population growth in virtually all parts of the world. Nevertheless there will still be a very striking difference between the advanced capitalist group and Africa. At 0.33% a year it would take 210 years to double population in the first group. In Africa it is likely to happen within 32 years. [forcing all white people to marry would not work]
In making per capita GDP projections, I assumed a continuance of 1990-2001 rates of performance in Western Europe and Japan and a mild slowdown in the USA, where the information technology bubble of the 1990s has burst, and where the capital inflow which financed its trade deficit seems likely to slacken substantially. Aggregate per capita growth in the “West” seems unlikely to slow down very significantly, but combined with the demographic slowdown, it means that aggregate GDP growth would be about 2% a year. This pace would be similar to that in 1913-1950. Growth momentum transmitted by the “West” is likely to be more modest than in 1870-1913 and 1973-2001.
Asia (excluding Japan)
The most buoyant part of the world economy since the early 1970s has been Asia (excluding Japan). These economies have grown faster than those of the West and their buoyancy has been sustained in great part by their own policies. Their weight in the world economy is much larger than any other non-Western region. I assumed that their per capita growth 2001-2015 will be at the same pace as in 1990-2001.
These economies are catching up with the West and are still at a level of development where “opportunities of backwardness” are unlikely to erode. The combination of high investment rates and rapid GDP growth means that their physical capital stock has been growing more rapidly than in other parts of the world. The East Asian economies also have a high ratio of employment to population. This is due to falling fertility and a rising share of population of working age, but also reflects the traditionally high labour mobilisation of multi-cropping rice economies. In all cases which are documented they had high rates of improvement in education and the quality of human capital. Equally striking were the rapid growth of exports, the high ratio of exports to GDP, and a willingness to attract foreign direct investment as a vehicle for assimilation of foreign technology. These characteristics of China, South Korea and Chinese-Taipei have made for super-growth, but there is a second tier of countries whose growth is accelerating rapidly. The most notable case is India which has the potential to join the super-growth club. There are other economies where prospects are more problematic, but these are only a sixth of the Asian total. The projections assume no substantial change in their performance.
Latin America is the second largest non-Western region with about 8% of world product and a slightly bigger share of world population. Until the 1970s, economic policy was different from that in the advanced capitalist group. Most countries never seriously tried to observe the fixed rate discipline of Bretton Woods. National currencies were repeatedly devalued, IMF advocacy of fiscal and monetary rectitude was frequently rebuffed, high rates of inflation became endemic. Most countries reacted with insouciance to the worldwide explosion of prices, and governments felt that they could accommodate high rates of inflation. They were able to borrow on a large scale at negative real interest rates to cover external deficits incurred as a result of expansionary policies.
However, the basic parameters had changed by the early 1980s. By then, the OECD countries were pushing anti–inflationary policy very vigorously. The change to restrictive monetary policy initiated by the US Federal Reserve pushed up interest rates suddenly and sharply. Between 1973 and 1982, external debt increased sevenfold and the credit worthiness of Latin America as a whole was grievously damaged by Mexico’s debt delinquency in 1982. The flow of voluntary private lending stopped abruptly, and created a massive need for retrenchment in economies teetering on the edge of hyperinflation and fiscal crisis. In most countries resource allocation was distorted by subsidies, controls, widespread commitments to government enterprise and detailed interventionism. Most of them also had serious social tension, and several had unsavoury political regimes.
In the 1930s, most Latin American countries resorted to debt default, but it was not a very attractive option in the 1980s. World trade had not collapsed, international private lending continued on a large scale. The IMF and World Bank had substantial facilities to mitigate the situation, and leverage to pressure Western banks to make involuntary loans and legitimate a substantial degree of delinquency.
In the 1980s, the attempts to resolve these problems brought major changes in economic policy. But in most countries, changes were made reluctantly. After experiments with heterodox policy options in Argentina and Brazil, most countries eventually embraced the neoliberal policy mix pioneered by Chile. They moved towards greater openness to international markets, reduced government intervention, trade liberalisation, less distorted exchange rates, better fiscal equilibrium and establishment of more democratic political systems.
The cost of this transition was a decade of falling per capita income in the 1980s. After 1990, economic growth revived substantially but the process was interrupted by contagious episodes of capital flight.
My projections for Latin America assume some modest improvement in per capita performance in 2001-2015.
Africa has nearly 13% of world population, but only 3% of world GDP. It is the world’s poorest region. Its population is growing seven times as fast as in Western Europe. Per capita income in 2001 was below its 1980 peak. African economies are more volatile than most others because export earnings are concentrated on a few primary commodities, and extremes of weather (droughts and floods) are more severe and have a heavy impact.
As a result of rapid growth, little more than half the population is of working age. Almost half are illiterate. They have had a high incidence of infectious and parasitic disease (malaria, sleeping sickness, hookworm, river blindness, yellow fever). Over two thirds of HIV-infected people live in Africa. As a result the quantity and quality of labour input per head of population is much lower than in other parts of the world.
European powers became interested in grabbing Africa in the 1880s. Twenty-two countries eventually emerged from French colonisation, 21 from British, 5 from Portuguese, 3 from Belgian, 2 from Spanish. Germany lost its colonies after the First World War, Italy after the Second. The colonialists created boundaries to suit their own convenience, with little regard to local traditions or ethnicity. European law and property rights were introduced with little regard to traditional forms of land allocation. Hence European colonists often got the best land and most of the benefits from exploitation of mineral rights and plantation agriculture. African incomes were kept low by forced labour or apartheid practices. Little was done to build a transport infrastructure or to cater for popular education.
Colonisation ended between 1956 and 1974. In South Africa, the mass of the population did not get political rights until 1994. Independence brought many serious challenges. The political leadership had to try to create elements of national solidarity and stability more or less from scratch. The new national entities were in most cases a creation of colonial rule. There was great ethnic diversity with no tradition or indigenous institutions of nationhood. The linguistic vehicle of administration and education was generally French, English or Portuguese rather than the languages most used by the mass of the population. Africa became a focus of international rivalry during the cold war. China, the USSR, Cuba and East European countries supplied economic and military aid to new countries viewed as proxies in a worldwide conflict of interest. Western countries, Israel and Chinese-Taipei were more generous in supplying aid and less fastidious in its allocation than they might otherwise have been. As a result, Africa accumulated large external debts which had a meagre developmental pay-off.
There was a great scarcity of people with education or administrative experience. Suddenly these countries had to create a political elite, staff a national bureaucracy, establish a judiciary, create a police force and armed forces, send out dozens of diplomats. The first big wave of job opportunities strengthened the role of patronage and rent-seeking, and reduced the attractions of entrepreneurship. The existing stock of graduates was too thin to meet the demands and there was heavy dependence on foreign personnel.
The process of state creation involved armed struggle in many cases. Many countries have suffered from civil wars and bloody dictators. These wars were a major impediment to development.
In many African states, rulers have sought to keep their positions for life. In most states, rulers relied for support on a narrow group who shared the spoils of office. Corruption became widespread, property rights insecure, business decisions risky.
A major factor in the slowdown since 1980 has been external debt. As the cold war faded from the mid-1980s, foreign aid levelled off, and net lending to Africa fell. Although the flow of foreign direct investment has risen it has not offset the fall in other financial flows
The challenges to development in Africa are greater than in any other continent, the deficiencies in health, education and nutrition the most extreme. It is the continent with the greatest need for financial aid and technical assistance. The per capita GDP projections assume that these kinds of aid will be increased and that per capita growth will be positive. However, it is unlikely that African countries will, by 2015, be able to establish a trajectory of rapid catch-up such as Asian economies have achieved.
In Eastern Europe, the economic system was similar to that in the USSR from 1948 to the end of the 1980s, and so was economic performance. In 1950-1973, per capita growth more or less kept pace with that of Western Europe, but faltered badly as the economic and political system began to crumble. From 1973-1990, it grew at 0.5% a year compared with 1.9% in Western Europe.
The transition from a command to a market economy was difficult in all of the countries. The easiest part was freeing prices and opening of trade with the West. This ended shortages and queuing, improved the quality of goods and services and increased consumer welfare. However, much of the old capital stock became junk; the labour force needed to acquire new skills and work habits; the legal and administrative systems and the tax/social benefit structure had to be transformed; the distributive and banking networks to be rebuilt from scratch. The travails of transition led to a fall in average per capita income for the group from 1990 to 1993, but it rose by over 3% a year from then to 2001. My projection assumes that this pace of advance can be maintained at least until 2015. In fact, these countries can probably do better than this if they can be integrated into the European Union with better access to its goods, labour, and capital markets, its regional and other subsidies, than they have thus far enjoyed. Present real income levels are only a third of those in Western Europe. Wages are also much lower, but the disparity in skills is much less. The Eastern economies are therefore capable of mounting a catch-up dynamic similar to that of Asia if the integration takes place.
Successor states of former USSR
Fifteen successor states emerged from the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. In all of them, there was already a very marked deceleration of economic growth in 1973-1990. There was colossal inefficiency in resource allocation, a very heavy burden of military expenditure and associated spending, depletion and destruction of natural resources.
Capital/output ratios were higher than in capitalist countries. Materials were used wastefully. Shortages created a chronic tendency to hoard inventories. The steel consumption/GDP ratio was four times as high as in the US. The average industrial firm had 814 workers in 1987 compared with 30 in Germany and the UK. Transfer of technology from the West was hindered by trade restrictions, lack of foreign direct investment and very restricted access to foreign technicians and scholars. Work incentives were meagre, malingering on the job was commonplace. [but UBI and pensions will make it better /s]
The quality of consumer goods was poor. Retail outlets and service industries were few. Prices bore little relation to cost. Consumers wasted time queuing, bartering or sometimes bribing their way to the goods and services they wanted. There was an active black market, and special shops for the nomenklatura. There was increasing cynicism, frustration, growing alcoholism and a decline in life expectation. [so like America now?]
Soviet spending on its military and space effort was around 15% of GDP in the 1970s and 1980s, nearly three times the US ratio and five times as high as in Western Europe. There were significant associated commitments to Afghanistan, Cuba, Mongolia, North Korea, Vietnam and Soviet client states in Africa.
In the 1950s a good deal of agricultural expansion was in virgin soil areas, whose fertility was quickly exhausted. Most of the Aral sea was transformed into a salty desert. Exploitation of mineral and energy resources in Siberia and Central Asia required bigger infrastructure costs than in European Russia. The Chernobyl nuclear accident had a disastrously polluting effect on a large area of the Ukraine.
In 1985-1991 Gorbachev established a remarkable degree of political freedom and liberated Eastern Europe but had no coherent economic policy. From then to end 1999, Yeltsin broke up the Soviet Union, destroyed its economic and political system and moved towards a “market” economy. The economic outcome was a downward spiral of real income for the mass of the population. On average, GDP was nearly 30% lower in 2002 in the 15 republics than in 1990. Fixed investment and military spending fell dramatically, so the drop in private consumption was milder. There were very big changes in income distribution. Under the old system, basic necessities (bread, housing, education, health, crèches and social services) had been highly subsidised by the government or provided free by state enterprises to their workers. These all became relatively more expensive, the real value of wages and pensions was reduced by hyperinflation, and the value of popular savings was destroyed. There were major gains in the income of a new oligarchy. [i.e. cancelling Marxism cannot be overnight]
The new “market” economy is grossly inefficient and unfair in allocating resources. There has been legislation to establish Western style property rights, but in practice accountancy is opaque and government interpretation of property rights is arbitrary. Many businesses are subject to criminal pressure. Property owners such as shareholders or investors are uncertain whether their rights will be honoured. Workers are not sure their wages will be paid.
*This article is an adapted extract from Angus Maddison’s chapter, “The West and the Rest in the International Economic Order”, in Development is Back, OECD Development Centre, 2002.